5.

11 ELECTRONIC DISPLAYS

SYLLABUS
• 5.11 Electronic Displays - L2 • Principles of operation of common types of displays used in modern aircraft, including
– Cathode Ray Tubes – Light Emitting Diodes – Liquid Crystal Display.

CRT – CATHODE RAY TUBE

CONTROLLING THE DEFLECTION
• There are two separate ways to control the deflection:
– Electromagnetic deflection- magnetic principle – Electrostatic deflection – depend on charges.

• Electromagnetic Deflection (Remember i=current)

ELECTROSTATIC DEFLECTION

Color TV Screen

• A color TV screen differs from a black-and-white screen in three ways:
• Three electron beams (Red, Green, Blue)that move simultaneously across the screen. • The screen is coated with red, green and blue phosphors arranged in dots or stripes. • On the inside of the tube, very close to the phosphor coating, there is a thin metal screen called a shadow mask. This mask is perforated with very small holes that are aligned with the phosphor dots (or stripes) on the screen. • .

RASTER/STROKE SCANNING
Honeywell
STROKE SCANNING IS USED FOR ALL OTHER DISPLAYED DATA

YELLOW

GREEN

ATT 2 AOA F 10 20 20

GS
RASTER SCANNING

RANGE DATA (BLUE)

10
G

40
MODE (BLUE)

10 S CMD M .99 200 DH 20

10 20 I

30

20
DH

140 RA

WX 10
RED

• Raster Scanning for Attitude Sphere • Stroke Scan for reminder

• Raster Scanning - weather return • Stroke for texts, range,

LED DISPLAY
• PN diode • Doping modify the color, oxygen, nitrogen are used • 7 bar display for numbers. • Segment type display with diffuser plate or plastic deflector to increase the size

P134

LED DISPLAY
Tapes and Pointers • LED's are also used to replace the pointers or tapes on circular scale or vertical scale displays. • individual diodes are arranged in groups to form the illuminated bars. • example is the TCAS Electronic Vertical Speed Indicator ‘Fly-From’ and ‘Fly-To’ indications. Dot Matrix Display • LED's are normally arranged in a 9 X 5 matrix or a 4 X 7 matrix. • requires special driver circuits. • more common in fields outside aviation, with displays being produced using light bulbs, metal discs and electromagnetic devices.

LCD – LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
• Operating Principle
– The liquid crystal is enclosed between two set of polarizes glass (p137) . – In normal situation, the light can pass, but when current is passed, the molecules of the crystal changes its alignment and control the light. – Color is obtained by color filter on top of the LCD.

PASSIVE AND ACTIVE MATRIX
• Passive Matrix
– Relies on grids of vertical / horizontal conductors – Scanning current through the horizontal conductors. – pixel is off controlled by vertical conductors.

• Active matrix – TFT (Thin Film Transistors)
– Pixels are controlled by individual transistors. – Expensive – 800x 600 resolution – 1.4 millions transistors.

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