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ELEMENTS OF ART

Elements of Art
 Perspective

 Light
 Color

 Form
 Motion  Proportion  Symbols  Lines

Perspective
 way in which artists create an

illusion of depth on a flat surface.  One of the ways to create this illusion is to make the objects that are far away smaller than those that are closer to the viewer.

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painters will often highlight important elements in paintings .Light Just as stage designers use lighting to spotlight a performer.

Form
 By using light and shadows,

artists give volume to their subjects.  One way one can give figures three-dimensional form is to reflect light off their bodies and paint shadows cast by them.

Light & Shadow
It is through light and shadow that we see form. We visually use the information created from the interplay of light and shadow to understand the shape, size, and mass of an object.

.Light Follows a Path Light is directional and it moves in a straight path emanating away from a point of origin.

Light Side Looking at the light side of the form:  light is strongest or brightest on the area of the surface that is closest to the light source  gradually weakens in strength as the surface moves away from that source  brightest part of the surface – highlight  darkest part of the surface . the area of the surface that is furthest from the light source while remaining in the light side of the object.middle tone area. .

creating a soft edge. .  This transition is makes the edge of the form shadow appear softer.Shadows  the two kinds of shadows behave differently  The edge of a form shadow gradually transitions from the light side of the surface to the shadow side.

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Often colors highlight parts of an image to draw specific attention to it. emotion. etc.Color Use of different colors provide emphasis. .

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.Motion Depicting motion is a technique painters use to keep our attention focused on the picture.

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.Proportion Proportion usually refers to the way different elements in a painting relate to each other in terms of size.

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Symbols Many artists include items that symbolize other items. emotions. etc. . ideas. beliefs.

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and length. .Lines An identifiable path of a point moving in space. direction. It can vary in width.

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The Peasant Dance. Pieter Bruegel the Elder .

Line art .

buoyancy & grace. always with flexibility. moves in 1 direction . simplicity & strength.LINE  represent figures and forms  always have direction  always moving  may be straight or curved  STRAIGHT – efficiency.

HORIZONTAL LINES – lines of repose and serenity .express ideas of calmness and quiescence .STRAIGHT LINE 1.reclining persons. calm bodies of water. and in the distant meeting of the earth & sky (horizon) . landscapes.

balance. force.tend to express as well as arouse emotions of exaltation .STRAIGHT LINE 2.e. statues of saints and heroes . man standing straight. exaltation and dynamism . aspiration. tall tree.suggest poise. VERTICAL LINES – lines poised for action .g.

running person . life and movement .suggest action.STRAIGHT LINE 3.g. DIAGONAL LINES .e.give animation to any composition in which they appear .

subtleness. instability.CURVED LINES  suggest grace. joyousness and grace  they are never harsh or stern since they are formed by a gradual change in direction . flexibility. direction. movement.

conflict and struggle . violence.CROOKED OR JAGGED LINES Express energy.

although line art is usually monochromatic. without gradations in shade (darkness) or hue (color) to represent two-dimensional or three-dimensional objects.is any image that consists of distinct straight and curved lines placed against a (usually plain) background. Line art can use lines of different colors. .Line art .

Line art emphasizes form and outline. or of freely varying widths (as in brush work or engraving). of several (few) constant widths (as in technical illustrations). and texture. shading. The lines in a piece of line art may be all of a constant width (as in some pencil drawings). . However. areas of solid pigment and dots can also be used in addition to lines. over color.

Using either stippling or hatching.wikipedia. en.Before the development of photography and of halftones. shades of gray could also be simulated. using black ink on white paper.org/wiki/Line_art . line art was the standard format for illustrations to be used in print publications.

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Line is the path made by a moving point Characteristics: Weight Speed density rhythm .

COLOR .

yellow. green.Color The primary colors are: red. orange Defining properties of color: Hue Value Chroma . blue When two primaries are mixed they form secondary colors: Purple.

a blue or a purple. .A l b e r t M u n s e l The quality by which we distinguish one color from another. a green. as a red from a yellow.

Albert Munsell - .alue The quality by which we distinguish a light color from a dark one. .

Value refers to the lightness or darkness of A line or tone .

is the measurement of how pure a Hue is. A l b e r t M u n s e l l ..

Color Relationships .

Harmonies and Discords The most common color schemes are: Monochromatic Complementary Analogous .

Monochromatic color schemes use one dominant color .

Complementary color schemes use colors opposite each other on the color Wheel .

Analogous Color Schemes are colors next to each other on the color Wheel .

Composition refers to the arrangement of elements within the frame .

PLAIN OR IRREGULAR  BEST APPRECIATED WHEN AN OBJECT IS FELT WITH HANDS . SHINY OR DULL. FINE OR COARSE.TEXTURE  A COLOR ELEMENT THAT DEALS MORE DIRECTLY WITH THE SENSE OF TOUCH  CHARACTERISTIC OF SURFACES  ROUGH OR SMOOTH.

VOLUME  refers to the amount of space occupied in 3 dimensions Refers to solidity or thickness .

EDITORIAL PHOTOGRAPHY – illustrates a story or idea within the context of a magazine .PHOTOGRAPHY  Different Types: 1. ADVERTISING PHOTOGRAPHY – illustrates a service or product. images generally done with an advertising company 2.

PHOTOJOURNALISM – used for journalism work.3. photographs accepted as a documentation of a news story 4. PORTRAIT AND WEDDING PHOTOGRAPHY – made and sold directly to the end user of the images 5. special lighting and other effects used for artistic expression . FINE ART PHOTOGRAPHY – creative production of images using the camera.

RULE OF THIRDS – artistic composition. should enhance beauty 3. BACKGROUND & FOREGROUND – what is behind & in front of the subject.PHOTOGRAPHY REQUIRES: 1. THE SUBJECT – main focus of your photograph (sharpest object) 2. the arrangement of elements within the frame .

a slow shutter speed can make the image appear blurred .PHOTOGRAPHY REQUIRES 4. check the lighting of the background in relation to your subject 5. LIGHTING – avoid strong direct light on your subject and dark shadows. MOTION – a fast shutter speed can freeze a motion.

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMING ARTS .

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMING ARTS MUSIC Rhythm Harmony Tempo Melody Pitch Dynamics Timbre .

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMING ARTS DANCE Theme Technique Music Design Movement Costume Choreography Scenery .

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMING ARTS  LITERATURE Emotional Appeal Intellectual Appeal Humanistic Appeal .

ELEMENTS OF DRAMA PLOT CHARACTER/ DRAMATICS PERSONAE CONFLICT IRONY .

ELEMENTS OF DRAMA  THEME OR IDEA  CLIMAX  MUSIC AND SPECTACLE  COSTUMES AND MAKE-UP  DIALOGUE  SETTING. SCENERY AND LIGHTING .

THE ELEMENTS OF CINEMA 1. Staging or directing 5. Sound design . Cinematography 6. Editing 7. Script or narrative 2. Production design 4. Acting 3.

MUSIC .

RHYTHM  The basic element of music  Variation of length & accentuation of a series of sounds  Most fundamental component: BEAT  Beat – the recurrent pulse found in most music .

MELODY  Associated with mental motion  Memory element  pitches or tones sounded one after another in a logical meaningful series  Succession of tones arranged in such a way as to give a musical sense .

Pitch Highness or lowness of sound .

HARMONY  Manner of sound combination wherein we add subordinate sounds to enhance the quality of the main sounds  The sounding of a series or group of tones at the same time or simultaneously .

TEMPO  Refers to the speed of a certain musical piece  Measured by a device by the musical notes given half or full values  May be slow. quick or moderate .

or volume of the sound The degree of variations of sonority and force with which the music is played from soft to loud . strength.DYNAMICS Refers to the amount.

TIMBRE Refers to tone quality Helps differentiate one type of voice from another or one instrument from another .

THE VOCAL MUSIC  CORRECT POSTURE  CORRECT BREATHING  CORRECT PLACEMENT OF THE VOICE  CORRECT DICTION  CORRECT INTERPRETATION .

DANCE .

and facial expression .ELEMENTS OF DANCE 1. gestures of the arms. DESIGN – pattern of movement in time and space 3. MOVEMENT – bodily actions of the dancer that include steps.Conveys the message of a dance 2. THEME . hands and body.

CHOREOGRAPHY . MUSIC – auditory background 6.4. TECHNIQUE – skill of movement executed by the dancer 5. COSTUME AND BODY PARAPHERNALIA 7.refers to the figures & steps in dancing that enable the dancers to perform in an organized manner 8. SCENERY – background or setting where the dance is performed .