CAD/ CAM

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Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
 Use of computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, and optimization of a design  Typical tools:
 Tolerance analysis  Mass property calculations  Finite-element modeling and

visualization  Defines the geometry of the design
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Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
Reasons for Implementing CAD  To increase the productivity of the designer .  To improve the quality of the design.  To improve communication.  To create data base for manufacturing.
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Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Use of CAD in the design process
 Geometric modelling.

 Engineering analysis.
 Design review and evaluation.  Automated drafting.

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Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

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Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
CAD Hardware and Software components

 Graphic device is composed of a display

processing unit, a display device, and one or more input devices  Input devices:  Mouse  Stylus  Keyboard
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Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Output Devices
 Plotters

 Color laser printers

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Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Software Components
 CAD software allows the designer to

create and manipulate a shape interactively and store it.

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Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
Benefits of CAD
 Improved Engineering productivity.

 Shorter lead times.
 Customer modifications are easy to make.  Faster response for quotations.  Improved accuracy of design.  Assistance in inspection of complicated parts.
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Computer-Aided Manufacturing
 Use of computer systems to plan ,

manage, and control the operations of a manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect computer interface with the plant’s production resources.

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Computer-Aided Manufacturing Elements of CAM
 CNC manufacturing and programming

techniques.  Computer- controlled robotics applications.  Flexible manufacturing systems.  Computer- aided inspection (CAI) techniques.  Computer- aided testing.
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Computer-Aided Manufacturing

Tape reader for initial program entry

Minicomputer or micro computer.

Computer hardware interface

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Computer-Aided Manufacturing

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Computer-Aided Manufacturing

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Computer-Aided Manufacturing Flexible Manufacturing System
A Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) is a production system consisting of a set of identical and/or complementary numerically controlled machine which are connected through an automated transportation system
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Computer-Aided Manufacturing

Types of FMS  Sequential FMS  Random FMS  Dedicated FMS  Engineered FMS  Modular FMS

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Computer control room

Conveyor

Machine
Pallet

Machine

Load

Unload
Terminal

Parts

Finished goods

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Computer-Aided Manufacturing
Applications of FMS  Metal-cutting machining  Metal forming  Assembly  Joining-welding.  Surface treatment  Inspection  Testing
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