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# VIGNAN’S INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTI-LEVEL INVERTER USING HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM

Presented by
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF V. KIRAN BABU (Asst.professor) G.NAGARJUNA (10UQ1A0212) CH.SRUJANA (10UQ1A0206) T.RAJEEV KUMAR (10UQ1A0236) D.RAJESH (09UQ1A0233)

 The proposed system is illustrated.  Multilevel inverter enables the output voltage to be increased without changing the voltage ratings of switching components. .ABSTRACT  In the current global scenario demand for renewable energy resources like photovoltaic and wind energy has increased due to environmental impact and limited resources. modeled and is being verified by using MATLAB-SIMULINK.  They offer the direct connection of renewable energy systems to the grid connected system without using expensive and bulky transformers.

BLOCK DIAGRAM .

 As the power semiconductor switches have limited voltage capability.BASIC INVERTER :  Inverter circuit converts DC power to AC power. the total DC voltage of an inverter is divided into a number of voltage steps.  The number of levels in an inverter bridge defines the number of direct current (DC) voltage steps.  Multi-level inverters are the modification of basic bridge inverters. .

MULTILEVEL INVERTER TOPOLOGIES  The best known multilevel inverter topologies are : 1)Diode-clamped 2) Flying capacitor 3)Cascaded inverter  Diode clamped converter is the most popular converter in renewable energy systems due to its simple structure. .

DIODE CLAMPED INVERTER .

 The number of main switching devices used in a m-level diode clamped inverter is 2(m-1)  Number of dc bus capacitors used is (m-1)  Number of main diodes used will be 2(m-1) .

which has been subdivided by five capacitors into six levels. . A three-phase six-level diode-clamped inverter is shown in Figure.  Each of the three phases of the inverter shares a common DC bus. and the voltage stress across each switching device is limited to Vdc through the clamping diodes.  The voltage across each capacitor is Vdc.

.TYPES OF SWITCHING DEVICES  The four most important families of switching devices used are: 1) Bipolar junction transistor (BJT) 2) Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) 3) Insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) 4) Gate turn-off thyristor (GTO)  The switching devices used here are IGBT with body diode.

but is controlled like MOSFET.WHY IGBT??  The IGBT is a hybrid device which combines the best features of the MOSFET and the BJT.  IGBT has the output characteristics of a BJT. .

 It provides high switching speeds.  It only requires a small voltage on the Gate to maintain conduction through the device unlike BJT. IGBT has low on-state conduction losses. .

.  Sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM) is applied in the proposed inverter since it has various advantages over other techniques. frequency and harmonics contents of the output voltage.PULSE WIDTH MODULATION  The PWM technology is used to correct the output voltage according to the value of the load by changing the Width of the switching frequency.  Sinusoidal PWM inverters provide an easy way to control amplitude.

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. that provides powerful programming language. It is the graphical extension of MATLAB.SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT :  MATLAB-SIMULINK  MATLAB is the matrix laboratory. you just need to drag and connect them as you need.  Simulink is used to do simulations.It has many blocks.

.INTRODUCTION TO SIMULATION  Simulink is a MATLAB tool used for the simulation of the various systems whether linear or non linear.  The parameters of each signal and system block is configured by the user (right click on block).  There are different blocks in the Simulink tool used in the circuits. “drag and drop” environment for building simple and complex signal and system dynamic simulations.  It is a graphical.