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Art Appreciation

Man is the measure of all things



Protagoras
emphasizes the dignity and
worthiness of man
man should be humanized,
socialized, and educated

Mr. Hollands Opus
Humanities
From the Latin word humanus , meaning
human, refined and cultured.
Deals with the study of ancient and modern
languages, literature, law, history,
philosophy, religion, films, visual and
performing arts,
Regarded as social science which includes
anthropology, area studies, communication
and media, psychology, cultural studies and
linguistics
Humanities
- involves a holistic
acquisition of the knowledge and
the improvement of skills and
talents through the realization of
ones capabilities and emotions
(Molina-Doria and Rotor, 2012)
Rationale in studying Humanities
1. To practice the analytical thinking skills needed to
be a successful citizen and professional;
2. To improve oral and written communication skills
3. To improve a global perspective by studying
cultures in different parts of the world;
4. To assess values by comparing them with how
other people regard them in their respective
societies;
5. To support the local arts communities by
recognizing the importance of creativity;
6. To deepen the source of wisdom by learning how
a person deals with failures and successes.

The 4 Es of learning Humanities

1. Exploration
- Discovery and unending
search for something new and
different

2. Exposure
- access to the needed medium
or media

The 4 Es of learning Humanities

3. Experiences
- entails the full use of senses

4. Enjoyment
- gaining peace and happiness
- a state of mind after attaining
success especially if the learner has
reach a higher level of understanding


Art
From the Italian word artis which
means cranfsmanship, skill. (A. Tan)
mastery of form, inventiveness and the
association that exist between form and
ideas and between material and
techniques.
Other Definition of Art
Derived from the Latin word ars,
meaning ability or skill (J.V. Estolas)
A product of mans need to express
himelf (F. Zulueta)
Concern itself with the communication of
certain ideas and feelings by means of
sensous medium, color, soun, bronze,
marble, words, and film (C. Sanchez)

Other Definition of Art
Is that which bring harmony with the
beauty of the world(Plato)
An attitude of spirit, a state of mind-
one which demand for its own
satisfaction and fulfilling, a shaping
of matter to new and more
significant form (John Dewey)
Other Definition of Art
The skillful arrangement of some
common but significant qualities of
nature such as color, sounds,
lines, movements, words, stones
and woods to express human
feelings, emotions, or thoughts in
a perfect meaningful and
enjoiyable way (Panizo and
Rustia)
ESSENTIAL NATURE OF ART
1. Art must be man-made;
2. Art must be creative, not immitative;
3. Art must benefit and satisfy man-man
make practical life through artistic
principle, taste, and skill;
4. Art is expressed through a certain medium
or material by which the artist
communicates himself to his fellows

We can communicate through
painting, songs, dances and
dramatic plays to highlight the
importance of certain event to
keep them memorable and
pleasurable
We build monuments to
remind us of the heroic deeds
of great men

We are delighted by the books
we read and we are moved
and delighted by the music we
hear

We are inspired to
plan and construct
our houses
beautifully when
we are stimulated
by modern
architectural
designs
Art tranform us
into highly-
cultured,
dignified and
respectable
human beings.
Scope of Arts
1.Visual Arts
a. Graphic Arts (Painting,
Photography, Printing)
b. Architecture (Landscape, Feng
Shui, Buildings)
c. Sculpture
2. Performing Arts
a. Music
b. Dance
c. Stage Plays
Scope of Arts
3. Literary Arts
a. Prose
b. Poetry
4. Modern Art
a. Cinema or Film
b. Silent Movies
c. Digital Arts
d. Animation
Everyone has its own sense of
taste. The case of beauty is
different from mere agreeableness
because if he proclaims something
to be beautiful, then he requires
the same liking from others; he
then judges not just for himself but
for everyone, and speaks of
beauty as if it were a property of
things

Immanuel Kant
Values in interpretation of art

1.Aesthetics
- the philosophical notion of beauty
- the appreciation of art and beauty

2. Taste
- it varies according to class,
cultural background, and education
Creativity
- the act of a person who,
through imagery, make something
new such as product, a solution, or
a work of art that has some kind of
value (Molina-Doria and Rotor,
2012)
Beauty
- is the quality of things as
perceived by the person judging the
objects
- a perfection of the senses and
faculties, to perceive with exactness
the most minute objects, and to let
nothing escape unnoticed and
unobserved(Molina-Doria and Rotor,
2012)
Determining whether something
is beautiful depends on the faculty
of sight and a persons own
sentiments for beauty which vary in
every individual
Strong sense, united to delicate
sentiment, improved by practice,
perfected by comparison and
cleared of all prejudices.

David Hume
Sentiments are subjective ,
but may be standardized for
specific situations
Tips on developing creative ideas and
approaches to the arts

1.Use a method of analysis that works for
a particular work.
2.Look at the component parts and how
they work together.
3.Place the work in social, political,
cultural context
4. Discover the purpose or intention
of a particular art
5. Uncover how it was received by
the contemporaries.
6. Learn iconography
7. Investigate biographical remarks,
which may include psychological
revelations

Multiple Intelligence (Dr. Howard
Gardner)

1.Linguistics (word-smart)
2.Logical mathematical intelligence
(number/reasoning smart)
3.Spatial intelligence (picture
smart)
4.Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence
(body-smart)
5.Musical intelligence (music-
smart)
6. Interpersonal intelligence
(people-smart)

7. Intrapersonal intelligence (self-
smart)

8. Naturalist intelligence (nature-
smart)
What is Art
Appreciation?
Art Appreciation

The ability to interpret or
understand man-made arts
and enjoy them either
through actual and work
experience with art tools and
materials or possession of
these works of art fo ones
admiration and satisfaction (
M. Ariola)
The Subject Of Art

Anything that is represented in
the artwork
(person, object, scene, or
event)

Objective arts
Easily recogized by the people
(ex. Painting, sculpture, literature,
theatre arts)

Non-Objective Arts
Do not represent anything and
they are what they are.
Appeal directly to the
sensuous and expressive
elements.

Medium of Art
Medium
The means by which an artist
communicates his idea
The materials which are used by
an artist to interpret his feelings or
thoughts
Technique of Art
Technique
The manner in which the artist
controls his medium to achieved
the desired effects
The way he manipulates his
medium to express his ideas in the
artwork


The Artist
- a person engage in one or
more activities related to creating
art, practicing the arts, and/or
demonstrating an art (Molina-Doria
and Rotor, 2012)
The Artist
-communicates his thoughts,
fantasies, observations, and self-
revelation through his art.
- he seeks to open our eyes
ears that we may see the world
more clearly and find the meaning
of arts in our lives.
An artist is sensitive and
creative. He can see, feel, and
extend his imagination far
beyond the thoughts of an
ordinary person

(Molina-Doria and Rotor, 2012)


Skill
- the learned capacity to
carry out pre-determined results
often with the minimum outlay of
time and/or energy (Molina-Doria
and Rotor, 2012)
Talent
- a natural capacity to do
something, an which is in born
with a person such as music,
dance, acting, and sports
(Molina-Doria and Rotor, 2012)

Motivation
- the driving force that
initiates, guides, and maintains
goal-oriented behaviors which
lead to the achievement of
ones objectives (Molina-Doria
and Rotor, 2012)
The Artist

1. Visual Arts
- Painter
- Sculptor
- Architect

2. Art Movement
- Composer
- Musicians
- Singer
- Choreographer
- Dancer
3. Literary Arts
- Novelist
- Author

1.The Painter
- paints pictures and
objects from his own
imagination, through his
paintings, the painter reveals
what he thinks he has seen
so that we, too, can seee it
with our own eyes.


2. The Sculptor
- He draws and carves from
the original designs and
sketches. He makes model
statues of human beings,
monuments, buildings and
decoration in clay and chisels
out statues from marbles, stone,
wood and clay.
3. The Architect
- plans, designs and contruct public and
commercial buildings, priwvate residences,
theaters, factories, schools and similar
structures.
- He prepares sketches of proposed
buildings and write the specifications.
- He prepares the scale drawings and
the details for the use of buildings sites to
ensure compliance with the plans and
specification.
- He also designs and
oversees the repair and
remodelling of buildings.
- He lays out the
development of urban areas.
-The landscape architect
works with lawns, plants, roads,
level of roads and bridges, hills
and valleys.
4. The Composer
- He puts tones together and
composes melodies and songs.
- He conceives and originates
pieces of music.
- He is the song writer.
- Through musical
compositions, he convey his
thoughts and feelings which he
wishes to share with other.
5. The Musicians
- Known as the composer,
performer, instrumentalist,
symphonist, organist, violinist, flutist,
harper, trumpeter, bugler and
drummer.
- He may be a music leader,
bandmaster, choirmaster,
concertmaster or song leader.
6. The Singer
- He is the songster, an
operasinger, diva, vocalist, soloist.
- He sings aesthetically to
delight and entertain others.
7. The Choreographer
- He composes and teaches
choreography or the art of
representing stage dancing by
signs or music.
- He arranges dance
movements or patterns to
accompany a piece of music or to
develop a theme.
8. The Dancer
- the artist who moves his body
artistically.
- He also makes gestures
beautifully with the music that
accompanies his movements.
- He is involve in stage or ballet
dancing.
- Danseuse the female ballet
dancer
- Danseure the male ballet dancer.
9.The Poet
- the literary artist who put
words aesthetically together in
verse form.
- He expresses his thoughts
and feeelings in verse or poem.
-He says This is the way I
can best express my inner
thoughts and feelings
10. The Novelist
- A writer of fiction with
originality.
- He is also known as writer
of stories.
11. The Author
- Is also known as the
writer.
- The author of poem is
called a poet
- The author of a dramatic
play is a dramatist.
12. The Playwright
- Writes plays and adapts
his materials for the stage,
radio, television or motion
pictures production.
13. The Dramatist
- Writes compositions in prose
and poetry and arranged for
excitement to be performed by
actors and actresses on stage to
portray a character or to tell a story
through action or dialogue of
characters.
is the process of responding
to, interpreting meaning,
and making critical
judgments about specific
works of art.
1. Journalistic Criticism

Written for the general public,
includes reviews of art
exhibitions in galleries and
museums.



2. Scholarly Criticism

Written for a more specialized art
audience and appears in art journals.

Scholar-critics may be college and
university professors or museum
curators, often with particular
knowledge about a style, period,
medium, or artist.

1. Description

pure description of the object without
value judgments,
analysis, or interpretation.

What do you see?


What do you see?

What is the form of art?

What is the medium used?

What is the technique used?

What is the scale and size of the work?

What is the description of axis?
What is the description of line?

Relationships between shapes

Description of color ?

Texture of surface or other comments
about execution of work?

Context of object?
2. Analysis
determining what the features suggest
and deciding why the artist used such
features to convey specific ideas.

How did the artist do it?

What is the subject matter?
What is the most distinctive features or
characteristics?

how elements or structural system
contribute to appearance of image or
function?

What is the use of light and role of color,
e.g., contrasty, shadowywarm, cool,
symbolic?
What is the treatment of space and
landscape, both real and illusionary ?
(, e.g., compact, deep, shallow, naturalistic,
random)

What is portrayal of movement and how it
is achieved?

Effect of particular medium(s) used?

Reaction to object or monument?
3. Interpretation
establishing the broader context for this
type of art.

Why did the artist create it and what does
it mean?

Main idea, overall meaning of the work?

Interpretive Statement: Can I
express what I think the artwork is
about in one sentence?

Evidence: What evidence inside or
outside the artwork supports my
interpretation?

4. Judgment
Judging a piece of work means giving
it rank in relation to other works and of
course considering a very important
aspect of the visual arts; its originality

Is it a good artwork?


Criteria: What criteria do I think are most
appropriate for judging the artwork?

Evidence: What evidence inside or outside
the artwork relates to each criterion?

Judgment: Based on the criteria and
evidence, what is my judgment about the
quality of the artwork?

Functions of Art
Aesthetic Function
Man becomes concious of the beauty of nature
Utilitarian Function
Art brought comfort and happiness in the lives of
man
Cultural Function
Knowledge and and practices are transferred from
one generation to another
Social Function
Love, understanding and unity fostered among the
people





Elements
of Visual Arts
Line
- the path of a moving point
that is made by a tool,
instrument, or medium as it
moves across an area
- considered to be the most
basic and important element of
visual art. Used to represent
figures and forms.
Horizontal line
- are lines of repose and
serenity, they express calmness
and quiscense.
- ex. Reclining persons,
landscape, calm body of waters.
Vertical lines
- lines posed for action, they
suggest poise, balance, force
aspiration, exaltation and
dynamism.
- ex. Man standing straight,
a tall tree, statues of saints and
heroes give an impression of
dignity.
Diagonal lines
- poised action, life, and
movement, give animation to any
composition which apear.
- ex. running person
Curved lines
- it suggest grace, subtleness,
direction, instability, movement,
flexibility, joyousness and grace.
Crooked or jagged lines
- it express energy, violence,
conflict, and struggle.
- it could be repeated line, line
which contrast with one another,
and transitional line.
Color
- it refers to the visual
attribute of things that results
from the light they emit, transmit
or reflect.
- it has the aesthetic appeal
of the art
Three Dimensions of Color

1.Hue
- the dimension of color
that gives color its name

primary hue
-Red, blue and yellow


secondary hue
- Orange, green and violet

Red + yellow = orange
Yellow + blue = green
Blue + red = violet
Warm colors
- red, orange, yellow
- associted with light, sun and
other sources of heat
- they are conspicuous,
cheerful, stimulating, vivacious,
joyous and exciting
Cool Colors
- those where blue
predominates like green,
blue-green, blue and blue-
violet
- they are calm, sober,
restful, and unconspicuous.
2. Value
- refers to the lightness or
darkness of a color
- the quality which is depends
on the amount of light and dark in
color
- it gives the expression of
depth and solidity and lend form to
paintings
Intensity
- it refers to the brightness
or darkness of color
- it gives color strength
- the more black or white is
added, the weaker is the intensity
Psychology of Color

Green - the color for vegetation and
symbolizes life ad freshness
Violet - represent shadows and
mysteries
Black - despair, death, pain
Orange - deliciousness and warmth
Blue - color of the sky and of deep
still water, coolest, most
tranquil, peace, quiteness
Red - the warmest, most vigorious
and exciting of the colors, it
stands for passion and energy

Yellow - the most cheerful, brilliant
and exultant of the colors, it
suggest cheerfulness,
magnificence life and splendor
Meaning of Colors coveyed by the Roses

Pink Roses
- gratitude and appreciation, Thank
You
2. Red Rose
- means courage and fortitude, I love
you
3. Yellow Rose
-
represents joy
and freedom
4. Orange
Rose
-
enthusiasm
and desire
Texture
- the surface character of a
material that can be experienced
through touch or the illusion of
touch
- it is produce by natural
forces or through an artists
manipulation of the art elements
Space
- the interval or measurable
distance, between points or
images
Shape
- an area that stands out from
the space next to or around it because
of a defined or implied boundary or
because of differences of value, color
or texture (Ocvirk et al., 2001)
- refers to the over-all design of
a work of art (Ariola, 2008)
- describes the structure of an
object

Perspective
- it deals with the effect of
distance upon the appearance of
objects, by means of which the eye
judges spatial relationships
- it enables us to perceive distance
and to see the position of objects in
space
Volume
- refers to the amount of space
occupied in three dimensions. It is
the solidity or thickness
Mediums of the Visual Arts
Painting
The art of creating meaningful
effects on a flat surface by the
use of pigments
Mediums of Painting

1.Watercolor

2. Fresco
Painting on a
moist plaster
surface with
colors ground in
water or a
liewater mixture.
3. Tempera
Mineral
pigments
mixed with
egg yolk or
egg white
and ore
4. Pastel
Stick of dried
paste made
of pigment
round with
chalk and
compounded
wih gum
water
5. Encaustic
Painting with wax
colors fixed with heat
6. Oil
Pigments are
mixed with
linseed oil and
applied to the
canvass

7. Acrylic
Synthetic
paint mixed
with acrylic
emulsion as
binder for
coating the
surface of
the artwork
8. Mosaic
Picture or decoration
made of small pieces
of inlaid colored
stones or glass called
tesserae, which most
are cut into squares
glued on a surface
with plaster or cement

Title :"Trisha

Medium: 3,62
1 wine corks!.

Artist: Scott
Gundersen .

Materials for Making Mosaic

1.Grains
2.Plywood
3.PVA (Poly Vinyl Acetate)
"white craft glue
9. Stained Glass
Made by
combining many
small pieces of
colored glass
which are held
together by
bands of lead
10. Tapestry
A fabric consisting of
a warp upon which
colored threads are
woven by hand to
produce a design
often pictorials, wall
hangings and
furniture covering.
11. Drawing
Usually done in paper
using pencil, pen, ink,
and charcoal.
12 Bistre

A brown pigment
extracted from the
soot of wood, and
often used in pen
and wash drawing
13. Charcoal

Carbonaceous
materials
obtained by
heating wood or
other organic
substances in
the absence of
oxygen
14 Crayons

Pigment bound by wax and
compress into painted
sticks used for drawing
Sculptur
e
1.Stone
The hard and brittle
substance formed
from mineral and earth
material
2. Jade

A fine colorful
stone usually used
in Ancient Asia
3 Ivory

The hard white substance
used to make carvings
and billiard balls from the
main tusks of the
elephants
Metal

Include any of the
following elementary
substances such as
gold, silver, or
copper all are
crystalline when solid
and many of which
are chracterized by
capacity, ductility,
conductivity and
peculiar luster when
freshly fractured
5. Bronze

One of the oldest
alloys of metal
composing chiefly
of copper and tin
with color and is
one of the most
universally
popular metals for
the sculpture
6. Brass

An alloy of
copper and
zinc, is not
popularly used
by artist
because of its
limitation as
medium
7.
Copper

8. Gold and Silver

Used as casting
materials for small
objects like
medals, coins, and
pieces of jewelry
9. Lead

a bluish gray
metal, flexible and
permanent
material, is used
for casting and
forging.
10. Plaster

A composition of lime, sand
and waterThis is applied on
walls and ceilings to harden
and dry


11. Clay
Natural earthy materials that has
the nature of plasticity when wet,
consising essentially of hydrated
silicates of aluminum used for
making bricks and ceramics
12. Glass

A medium that is hard, brittle,
non-crystalline, more or less
trasparent substances
13 Wood

A medium perhaps
easier to curve than any
other mediums available
because it can be
intricately carved and
subjected into a variety
of treatment
14. Terra Cotta

The tenderest of sculptural
materials,used in vases
and figurines.