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Content
• Overview congestion types

• Reason and solution for congsetion

• Congestion statistic

• Discussion
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Content
• Overview congestion types

• Reason and solution for congsetion

• Congestion statistic

• Discussion
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Congetion types overview
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CE resources are a type of NodeB hard resource. The number
of CEs supported by a NodeB indicates the channel
demodulation capabilities of the NodeB.
CE resource Overview
The more
CEs a NodeB
supports, the
more
powerful the
channel
demodulation
and service
processing
capabilities.
Board Number
of Cells
UL CE
Number
DL CE
Number
WBBPa 3 128 256
WBBPb1 3 64 64
WBBPb2 3 128 128
WBBPb3 6 256 256
WBBPb4 6 384 384
WBBPd1 6 192 192
WBBPd2 6 384 384
WBBPd3 6 256 256
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Code resource Overview
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Code resource Overview
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Code resource Overview
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Power resource Overview
In the WCDMA system, all the cells share the same frequency,
which is beneficial to improve the system capacity. However, co-
frequency multiplexing causes interference between users. All users
in the WCDMA system use the same band. All the users are different
by modulating the respective signal to the code sequences that are
mutually orthogonal. Therefore, the receiving signal is the sum of all
user signals and the channel noise.
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Power resource Overview
Uplink power
If the uplink interference of the BTS reaches a certain extent, the
terminal will be impossible to meet the requirements of demodulation
quality through improving the transmitting power, and the terminal
will be impossible for access or service.
Downlink power
When the downlink transmitting power of the BTS reaches the load
threshold, no redundant power is available for allocation. This will
make the terminal impossible for access or service.
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IuB resource Overview
• Factors to be considered when estimating the interface capacity:
 Frame coding efficiency. Through segmentation and encapsulation
of the application data at each layer, the data quantity at the bottom
layer will be increased to different extents compared with the
application data at the upper layers
 Traffic. More users will generate more data traffic
 Maintenance efficiency. Certain bandwidth is required in the
background maintenance for BTS data transmission
• The contents transmitted on the Iub interface include:
 The user data encapsulated in the AAL2 format (common channel and
dedicated channel)
 Signaling data encapsulated in the AAL5 format
 BTS operation & maintenance data
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Content
• Overview congestion types

• Reason and solution for congsetion

• Congestion statistic

• Discussion
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Why CE Congestion???
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How to solve CE Congestion?
Allmost CE congestion due to UL CE Congestion
 Install more WBBP to get more UL, DL Ces for NodeB

 Use CE dynamic allocation algorithm
Board Number of Cells UL CE Number DL CE Number
WBBPa 3 128 256
WBBPb1 3 64 64
WBBPb2 3 128 128
WBBPb3 6 256 256
WBBPb4 6 384 384
WBBPd1 6 192 192
WBBPd2 6 384 384
WBBPd3 6 256 256
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Why CODE Congestion???
Radio bearer SF Radio bearer SF
Speech 12.2 UL 64 Speech 12.2 DL 128
Data 64 kbps UL 16 Data 64 kbps DL 32
Data 128 kbps UL 8 Data 128 kbps DL 16
Data 144 kbps UL 8 Data 144 kbps DL 16
Data 384 kbps UL 4 Data 384 kbps DL 8
• SF = chip rate / symbol rate
 High data rates → low SF
code
 Low data rates → high SF
code
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How to solve CODE Congestion?
I ncrease parameter HsPdschMaxCodeNum to maximum=15
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How to solve CODE Congestion?
I ncrease parameter HsPdschMaxCodeNum to
maximum=15
But HsPdschMaxCodeNum not a heaven!!!
Where is paradise for
CODE congested
solution?
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Why Power Congestion???
Uplink interference
If the uplink interference of the BTS reaches a certain extent, the
terminal will be impossible to meet the requirements of
demodulation quality through improving the transmitting power,
and the terminal will be impossible for access or service.

Downlink power
When the downlink transmitting power of the BTS reaches the
load threshold, no redundant power is available for allocation.
This will make the terminal impossible for access or service
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How to solve Power Congestion?
Increase UlTotalEqUserNum and DlTotalEqUserNum
But these 02 parameters also not God medichine

Where is paradise for
Power congested
solution?
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Why IuB Congestion???
 When calculating the Iub interface traffic, it is
necessary to calculate the throughput rate of each service
type.

 According to the planned user quantity, we obtain the
total traffic of the Iub interface, and estimate out the
transmission configuration of the Iub interface.

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Content
• Overview congestion types

• Reason and solution for congsetion

• Congestion statistic

• Discussion
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Statistic for Congetion
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Statistic for Congetion
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Statistic for Congetion
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Content
• Overview congestion types

• Reason and solution for congsetion

• Congestion statistic

• Discussion
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Discussion and cases sharing
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