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By : Group III

Akmaludin (1303112132)
Annisa Hidayah (1303114616)
Besse Wahdatillah (1303112204)
Gustina (1303112341)
Salmah Indra (1303114581)
Selvi Maharani (1303112171)
Yenni Angraini (1303112110)
Yuliani (1303114686)
Lecturer : Riryn Novyanti, M.Si

Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
University of Riau
Pekanbaru
2014
MODAL (AUXILARY VERB)
There are :
can
could
may
might
must
shall
should
will
would
There are Auxilary verbs that provide
additional and specific meaning to the
main verb of the sentence
Modal verbs are
sometimes refer to as
Modal auxilary verbs
because they help
other verbs





Ex : Selvi could play the piano.


s v
M



They do not accept
conjugation

They do not need
other auxilary verbs








Example :
 He can ski not
 Would you like to come me ? Not
 They can’t be serious not
There is no “s” in singular
There is no “ do/does” in the question
There is no “ don’t/doesn’t” in the
negative.
he cans ski or he can skis
do you like to come with me?
they don’t can be serious




Example :
They can play the piano = they will be able to play the piano in the future
You must come early = you had to come early
Modal verbs use other to complete the tenses
Can is completed with be able to
Must is completed with have to
Single concept
modals
Double concept
modals
Modals in past
Will May Would have
Might Must Could have
Should Would Might have
Ought to Shall Should have
Had better Could May have
Can Must have
Categories :
Modals Concept Example
Will Future Tina will travel to NY next week.
Might Small probability Salmah might move to Canada
some day.
Should Recommendation Yuliani should go to the doctor.
Ought to Formal recommendation We ought to know about first
aid.
Had better Warning I had better study or I will fail
the test.
Double Concept Modals


can
ability
possibility
How to using can ??
 CORRECT: Icha can ride a bike.
 INCORRECT: Icha can to ride a bike.
can
infinitive
with to
Let’s practice….
Akmal is so smart.
Akmal ___ speak five languages. can

can
can’t

NEGATIVE:
can + not = can not or cannot
CONTRACTION:
can + not = can’t
Max can not play snowboard.
Max cannot play snowboard.
Max can’t play snowboard.
Pronounciation of Can And Can’t
12
CORRECT: Wahda can ride a bike.
INCORRECT: Wahda can rides a bike.
USING CAN
main verb – final -s
can
Let’s practice….
Ica ____ see without her glasses.
can’t

can
can’t
Let’s practice with us….
Salmah _____ work out and consume healthy
food every day
may
Could
Would
May
Can
Yenni _____ sing beautifully, so her friend ask to sing
in the birthday party
Ought to
Will
Could
Can
can
Tina ________ attend the concert.
might
Might
Ought to
Can
would
Ani ______ write to her friend in order to tell her
about the english score
should
Can
Will
Should
Ought to
Besse _____ sent the letter by air mail. must
Would
Shall
Ought to
must
Selvi _________ finish her homework. be able to
Ought to
Can
Would
Be able to
1. Yulia : When we use can?
2. Elisabet : Using modals in past and the meaning?