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4G-4th Generation of mobile communication.





and 3G

technology aiming to provide the very high
data transfer rates.

Best described in one word “MAGIC”.





Anywhere Global mobility support, integrated
wireless and personalized services.

 4G will be able to connect various high speed networks together.  In 4G HD data will be made available without much of a problem over the .Magic of 4G Technology:  3G utilized WiMax &WiFi as separate wireless technologies  4G is expected to coalesce these two technologies.

 The DARPA architecture protocol selected and (IP).History:  The 4G system was originally envisioned by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). networking. the distributed end-to-end and in Internet peer-to-peer .

in Kolkata on April 10. . Airtel launched India's first 4G using TD-LTE technology. 2012.Commercial Deployment:  Two 4G candidate systems are commercially deployed: Mobile WiMax standard Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard  Bharti service.

 Our 4G Plus network uses the 1800 & 2300 MHz frequency bands  Our 3G Plus network uses the 900 & 2100 MHz frequency bands .Why 4G over 3G?  4G (LTE) is quicker than 3G   4G holds: less buffering better audio quality improved gaming experience streaming services with reduced lag.

Components of 4G:  There are some components which makes the successful 4G systems they are: a) OFDMA b) MIMO c) IPv6.0 d) Spectral efficiency of 4G e) SDR(Software Defined Radio) f) Smart antennas .

Components (contd..  It captures entire energy  Only few signals are affected or lost in OFDM while compared to CDMA in 3G. . MIMO(Multi Input Multi Output):  improve the communication performance between sender and receiver  range. quality of received signal and spectrum efficiency are high.) OFDMA: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access.

0:  Allows  IPv6 more address than IPv4. .) IPv6.Component (contd. SDR(Software Defined Radio): A SDR will allow increasing network capacity at specific time.0 each device have own IP address..

Components(contd.  Adaptive Antenna: Steer the signal at any direction of interest ..nullify the interfering signal.) Smart antenna  antenna Switched antenna Switched Antenna: BasedAdaptive on the requirement of the system . .signal is received at any given time.

System Architecture: .

Work flow: UE eNodeB SGW(Service gateway) MME(Mobility Management Entity) PDN(Packet Data network) .

3G Vs 4G .

4G working: .

10 times better then 3G  Works at 2.  .Advantage of 4G:  Higher bandwidth   Better response time.6GHz frequency  Less  It time to build 4G use the same tower and fiber cables as 3Gs - they only have to upgrade the towers with 4G components.

 It is available in certain cities within US. .Disadvantage of 4G:  New technology which makes it more expansive than 3G  It is impossible to make our current equipment to be compatible with 4G.

Application: .

4G future: .

. 4G will bring a great revolution in mobile communication.  The future of 4G is nothing but 5G.

 Companies like NTT Do Como Mobile and Nortel Networks.  This technology will be deployed in the world market soon. . Networks and successfully Nokia Siemens demonstrated the working of4G.Conclusion:  4G technologies was still at research stages in many of the countries.

a : s d e t & o e u q m i t e y b n n A a ..AMUTHARINI W v E II M. c e ” G n e 4 o r BY. e y r h I.MADHUMITHAH e T. “ ery v E .Sc(CS).