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100Mbps1Gbps

INTRODUCTION

4G-4th Generation of mobile communication.

A

descendant

to

2G

and 3G

technology aiming to provide the very high
data transfer rates.

Best described in one word “MAGIC”.

MAGIC

Mobile

multimedia

Anytime

Anywhere Global mobility support, integrated
wireless and personalized services.

 4G will be able to connect various high speed networks together.  In 4G HD data will be made available without much of a problem over the .Magic of 4G Technology:  3G utilized WiMax &WiFi as separate wireless technologies  4G is expected to coalesce these two technologies.

 The DARPA architecture protocol selected and (IP).History:  The 4G system was originally envisioned by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). networking. the distributed end-to-end and in Internet peer-to-peer .

in Kolkata on April 10. . Airtel launched India's first 4G using TD-LTE technology. 2012.Commercial Deployment:  Two 4G candidate systems are commercially deployed: Mobile WiMax standard Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard  Bharti service.

 Our 4G Plus network uses the 1800 & 2300 MHz frequency bands  Our 3G Plus network uses the 900 & 2100 MHz frequency bands .Why 4G over 3G?  4G (LTE) is quicker than 3G   4G holds: less buffering better audio quality improved gaming experience streaming services with reduced lag.

Components of 4G:  There are some components which makes the successful 4G systems they are: a) OFDMA b) MIMO c) IPv6.0 d) Spectral efficiency of 4G e) SDR(Software Defined Radio) f) Smart antennas .

Components (contd..  It captures entire energy  Only few signals are affected or lost in OFDM while compared to CDMA in 3G. . MIMO(Multi Input Multi Output):  improve the communication performance between sender and receiver  range. quality of received signal and spectrum efficiency are high.) OFDMA: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access.

0:  Allows  IPv6 more address than IPv4. .) IPv6.Component (contd. SDR(Software Defined Radio): A SDR will allow increasing network capacity at specific time.0 each device have own IP address..

Components(contd.  Adaptive Antenna: Steer the signal at any direction of interest ..nullify the interfering signal.) Smart antenna  antenna Switched antenna Switched Antenna: BasedAdaptive on the requirement of the system . .signal is received at any given time.

System Architecture: .

Work flow: UE eNodeB SGW(Service gateway) MME(Mobility Management Entity) PDN(Packet Data network) .

3G Vs 4G .

4G working: .

10 times better then 3G  Works at 2.  .Advantage of 4G:  Higher bandwidth   Better response time.6GHz frequency  Less  It time to build 4G use the same tower and fiber cables as 3Gs - they only have to upgrade the towers with 4G components.

 It is available in certain cities within US. .Disadvantage of 4G:  New technology which makes it more expansive than 3G  It is impossible to make our current equipment to be compatible with 4G.

Application: .

4G future: .

. 4G will bring a great revolution in mobile communication.  The future of 4G is nothing but 5G.

 Companies like NTT Do Como Mobile and Nortel Networks.  This technology will be deployed in the world market soon. . Networks and successfully Nokia Siemens demonstrated the working of4G.Conclusion:  4G technologies was still at research stages in many of the countries.

a : s d e t & o e u q m i t e y b n n A a ..AMUTHARINI W v E II M. c e ” G n e 4 o r BY. e y r h I.MADHUMITHAH e T. “ ery v E .Sc(CS).