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Original Title: 8. Section of Solids

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8. Section of Solids

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You are on page 1of 9

OF

THE PRINCIPLES

OF

PROJECTIONS OF SOLIDES.

1. SECTIONS OF SOLIDS.

2. DEVELOPMENT.

3. INTERSECTIONS.

STUDY CAREFULLY

THE ILLUSTRATIONS GIVEN ON

NEXT SIX PAGES !

SECTIONING A SOLID.

An object ( here a solid ) is cut by

some imaginary cutting plane

to understand internal details of that

object.

SECTIONING a solid

&

The plane of cutting is called

SECTION PLANE.

Two cutting actions means section planes are recommended.

OBSERVER

( This is a definition of an Aux. Inclined Plane i.e. A.I.P.)

NOTE:- This section plane appears

as a straight line in FV.

ASSUME

UPPER PART

REMOVED

E

AN

PL

.

N

TO N FV

C

I

SE

(A)

( This is a definition of an Aux. Vertical Plane i.e. A.V.P.)

NOTE:- This section plane appears

(B)

as a straight line in TV.

Remember:ASSUME

1. After launching a section plane

LOWER PART

either in FV or TV, the part towards observerREMOVED

is assumed to be removed.

2. As far as possible the smaller part is

assumed to be removed.

OBSERVER

SE

CT

ON

IN PLA

TV NE

.

ILLUSTRATION SHOWING

IMPORTANT TERMS

IN SECTIONING.

For TV

Fo

rT

ru

eS

ha

pe

SECTION

PLANE

TRUE SHAPE

Of SECTION

x

Apparent Shape

of section

SECTION LINES

(450 to XY)

SECTIONAL T.V.

Section Plane

Ellipse

Section PlaneTriangle Through Generators

Through Apex

Pa

rab

ola

&

Typical Shapes

Of

Sections.

to end generator.

Ellipse

Cylinder through

generators.

Parallel to Axis.

Trapezium

all slant edges

Q 14.11: A square pyramid, base 40 mm side and axis 65 mm long, has its base on the HP and all

the edges of the base equally inclined to the VP. It is cut by a section plane, perpendicular to the

VP, inclined at 45 to the HP and bisecting the axis. Draw its sectional top view, sectional side

view and true shape of the section.

21

X1

31

41

3

11

2 4

1

b d

a

45

d

4

Y1

a c

Y

b

Q 14.14: A pentagonal pyramid , base 30mm side and axis 60 mm long is lying on one of its triangular faces

on the HP with the axis parallel to the VP. A vertical section plane, whose HT bisects the top view of the axis

and makes an angle of 30 with the reference line, cuts the pyramid removing its top part. Draw the top view,

sectional front view and true shape of the section and development of the surface of the remaining portion of

the pyramid.

o

a

60

be

be

b

cd

cd

b1

c1

d

e

a1

30

d1

o1

3

31

21

41

e1

11

51

61

Q 14.6: A Hexagonal prism has a face on the H.P. and the axis parallel to the V.P. It is cut by a vertical section

plane the H.T. of which makes an angle of 45 with XY and which cuts the axis at a point 20 mm from one of

its ends. Draw its sectional front view and the true shape of the section. Side of base 25 mm long height

65mm.

a

f

b

e

c

d

a f

65

a f

b e

b e

2

a

f

b

e

b

c

d

b1

b1

1 2

37

a1 c1

a1 c1

Y1

25

cd

cd

f

e

4 6

f1 d1

e1

f1 d1

20

e1

31

21

11

41

71

X1

51

61

Q 14.24: A Cone base 75 mm diameter and axis 80 mm long is resting on its base on H.P. It is cut by a section

plane perpendicular to the V.P., inclined at 45 to the H.P. and cutting the axis at a point 35 mm from the apex.

Draw the front view, sectional top view, sectional side view and true shape of the section.

f1

X1

l1

35

j1

i1

d

j

g

f

e h

i

b

l

4

10

6

8

5

9

4 5

3

5

6

e

f

g

12

l

k

11

k

l

a

3

2

2 3

1 12 11

h

i

c

k

10

Y1

6

2

7

1

8 910

12 11

Q14.13: A hexagonal pyramid, base 30 mm side and axis 65 mm long is resting on its base on

the HP, with two edges of the base parallel to the VP. It is cut by a section plane perpendicular

to VP and inclined at 45 to the HP, intersecting the axis at a point 25 mm above the base. Draw

the front view, sectional top view, sectional side view and true shape of the section.

51

41

61

X2

Y1

31

71

11

4

35

21

65

X1

26

bf

25

17

ce

o

7

5

f

6

b

c

e

Y2

1 a

d

f

e

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