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SCADA / DMS Project

Flow of presentation
SCADA/DMS Objective
SCADA/DMS Benefits
Case study As TPDDL

RAPDRP : 6th jan 2014

Organizational objective
A continued process of improvements

Controllability

DA/DMS automated
switching, FLISR, VVO
relays remote
disconnect/reconnect

Network planning data availability


Real time data analysis,
Predictability
revenue protection.
DMS operator power flow,
suggested switching
Substation Data Collection / Distribution
Data Management
Visibility
Integrated event and alarm processing
with Customer care system
Integrated DMS operator environment

Distribution NetworkMonitoring & Control

Sub- Transmission

Network
terminology Technology
SCADA
66 or
33KV

0.4KV

11KV DISTIBUTION

11KV

DMS/D
A

0
.
4
K
V

OMS

Communication Network

Geographic Information System

Network
Hierarchy

SCADA As Foundation Technology


SCADA
is Supervisory Control
and Data
Acquisition System which enables the below
mentioned requirements

Key features:
Real Time Monitoring and Control
Faster identification and restoration of faults
Supply of Quality Power
Improve Reliability
Improve planning and designing of
Distribution Network

Benefits of SCADA/DMS
Quick decision making on interruption as entire information is
available at one location
Reduction in Technical losses
Precise voltage control/ Capacitor switching/Tap changing
Monitoring of equipment overloading
Automatic Load shedding schemes based on real time data
Historical database for network planning and analysis
Better assistance to field staff in localizing faulty section by
using FPIs at DMS stations
Reduction in time for fault identification and restoration
Improvement on reliability & customer satisfaction.
Increased safety standards

Distribution Management System


Objective :
centralized monitoring and control for entire 11KV
network to aid faster decision making and actions

Key features:
Increase reliability of power through Central
monitoring
Reduction in the amount of Un served Energy
Quick Isolation of Fault and restoration of supply
Minimization of technical loss
Improvement in Reactive power management

Benefits
Objective:
Centralized monitoring
Distribution Network

&

Controlling

Key features:
Real time load and operation parameter on visual
interface.
Monitoring of Critical & Emergency operational
condition(like Line, PTR over loading etc.)
Asset Maintenance planning co-ordination.
System driven over Person driven prone to err.

of

Revenue realization

Objective:
Commercial loss reduction through optimize
Monitoring
Key feature
Accurate Energy Audit data availability forL1,L2
and L3 Level.
Prioritization of Load profile based on customer
profile.
Load shedding at 11KV Level to serve essential
services.

Load Prioritization
Objective :
To avoid system overloading
Key Features:
Manual Load Shedding
Under frequency
Transformer Overload
Tie Line Overload
Benefits:
Maintenance of Grid Stability
Revenue optimization in theft prone areas
Optimized system overloading
Reduction in MU losses
10/17/15

10

Network Planning Base On Analytical Data


Objective :
To optimize the Capital expenditure to Meet the load
growth.
Key Features:
Historical Load profile will be available on system
Load growth Trend data available for feeder and
transformer etc.
Preventive measurement to avoid unwanted
Outages.
Life cycle improvement of Equipment

10/17/15

11

Technical Loss Reduction


Objective :
To maintain operational effectiveness

Key Features:
optimize loading through load balancing Scheme.
Voltage Regulation/ Capacitor switching/Tap
changing
Monitoring & controlling of Active & reactive power
served

10/17/15

12

Short Term Load Forecasting (STLF)


Objective :
To optimize load prediction for power procurment
Key Features:
Short Term Load Forecast
Very Short Term (Tracking) Load Forecast
Manual Load Forecast
Forecasts involve weather data as well
Benefits:
Reduction in Power Purchase Costs
Allows working within narrow margins
Optimization of demand schedule
Inputs for network planning
10/17/15

13

General Benefits
Objective :
To provide reliable & quality power supply .
Key Features:
Availability of more power to serve Customer
Enhancement to reliability of power.
Reduction in Customer interruption time

10/17/15

14

Benefits #1 Operational

Switching & Restoration Time Improve


SAIDI, SAIFI
Revenue Realisation
Maximise

Reduce Outage
Time

Stranded Asset Costs


Minimise

Reliability of Supply Improve Customer


Satisfaction

Benefits #2 Financial
Isolation & Interlocks Eliminate Risk of Equipment
Damage
Automation Reduce Substation
Staff Cost

Reduce Opex &


Capex
Energy Audit Reduce Electricity
Theft
Load Flow & Network Parameter Data Optimise
Investment

Benefits #3 Safety
Safety Tagging & PTW Eliminate Parallel Operation &
Backfeed
Network Mapping Optimised Load
Transfers

Enhance Safety of Life &


Equipment
Equipment Monitoring Optimise
Maintenance
Network Parameter Monitoring Eliminate
Overloading Outage

Benefits #4 Others
Load Optimisation Frequency & Availability Based
Shedding
Simulators Network Operations
Training

Other Commercial & Operational


Benefits
GIS & OMS Integration Improve Customer
Service
Load Forecasting & Scheduling On Day
Ahead Basis

Returns on Investment
Quick restoration Reduced interruption More
energy sold
Optimised network design Being
evaluated

Financial benefits
Leasing comm network Alternate revenue
stream
Remote ops Unmanned stations Reduced
admin/salary costs

2. Introduction of SCADA / DMS Architecture

i IT
DR
Jamm
u

SLDC
Jamm
u

i IT DC
Srinag
ar

2. Introduction of SCADA / DMS Architecture


2.5 HARDWARE
S.NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

HARDWARE
Remote Terminal Units (RTU)
Field Remote Terminal Units (FRTU)
GPRS/CDMA Modem
Multifunction Transducers (MFT)
Servers
Workstations
DLP Based Video Projection system
Switches & Routers
Firewall & Network IDS/IPS
Transducers
Weather Transducers
UPS
DCPS

2. Introduction of SCADA / DMS Architecture


2.6 SOFTWARE
S.NO.
SOFTWARE
1
Operating systems for Servers, Workstations, LDMS
2
RDBMS(Relation database management system)
3
SCADA/DMS Software Modules offered
3.1
SCADA Applications:

3.2

Data acquisition; Data Process; Data storage and Play back; Report
Generation; Alarm; Event;
Monitor; Control;
DMS Applications:

3.3

State Estimation; Load Flow Application; Voltage Var Control;


Load Shed application; Fault Management and System Restoration;
Feeder Reconfiguration; Operation Monitor; Distribution Load
Forecasting; Data Recovery;
DTS Applications

2. Introduction of SCADA / DMS Architecture


2.7 SERVICES
S.NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

SERVICES
Design & Engineering
Functional Design
Procurement
Integration
Factory acceptance test
Installation & Commissioning
Handover of system
Training
Facility Management Services

3 Introduction of various modules & its functions


3.1

Application
FEP (Front End Processor )
Standard protocol library
IEC 60870-5-104 RTU, FRTUs, FPI to control centres
MODBUS/IEC62056 MFTs to RTUs/FRTUs
ICCP (TASE.2) between main /DR centre/SLDC
Support /compliance to IEC61850 for RTU/CC

3 Introduction of various Modules & its functions


3.1 Characterics

Application

SCADA
Intelligent Alarm

security operate( AOR)

Visualization Technology

Multi-kinds of reports based on Linux, Unix and Windows

Integration of graph ,model and database

3 Introduction of various DMS Modules & its functions


3.2 FUNCTION PrtSc

Alarm

Alarm/event
10 level
Area of Responsibility
Acknowledged/unack
Self-setting

3 Introduction of various DMS Modules & its functions


3.2 FUNCTION PrtSc

Communication debug tools(comview)

Diagram monitor
Protocol debug
Typed diagram monitor/save
Protocol online analysis
Protocol test tool

3 Introduction of various DMS Modules & its functions


3.2 FUNCTION PrtSc

Help system

WEB based
Online Self-maintenance
Offline download
WSWG(What you see is what you get)
Anchor point technology
Local language support

3 Introduction of various DMS Modules & its functions


3.2 FUNCTION PrtSc

Topo Coloring

By voltage
By device status/network status

de-energized
Earthing
Upstream
Downstream
Loop
Parallel

3 Introduction of various DMS Modules & its functions


3.2 FUNCTION PrtSc

Graph-Model-Database integrated tools

Element self-define (16state)


Template
AutoCAD(dxf) import
SVG im/export
automapping

3 Introduction of various DMS Modules & its functions


3.2 FUNCTION PrtSc

Excel-based Report System

Use as excel

Java for unix platform

SCADA Architecture
DR

MCC

Communication
N/W

Each line
indicates
one
hardwire
for one
signal
from
Bay/Feede
r to RTU
panel

IE
C

60
87
0510
4

Ethernet
Switch

RTU

UTP
cable

RS-232,
Protocol Modbus

DI module
DO module
AI module

Multi function
Transducer for DC
charger, OTI /TPI/WTI
Signal

MFT

MFT

BAY/Feeder

RTU Application

Unmanned Substation Automation


System
Supervisory and Control for Large
and Medium Scale Substations
Fitted for Substation Integration
Automation
Power Plant Automation System

Processor,MCU
Power supply
Com. Module

DI,DO & AI module

RTU Features Highlight


RTU combines the best features into a single system.
Advanced network distributed structure
High capacity CPU for all functional boards
Thorough design on electrical isolation technique
Support local and remote maintenance to the whole system
Sampling mode of AI selectable (with transducer or without
transducers)
Support high-speed communication over twist wire cable or optical
fiber
Support multiple RS232/485/422 and Ethernet ports communication
simultaneously
Dual power supply, dual processors automatic hot standby backup
Abundant communication protocols and PLC programming supported

MCUA
DI

MCUB

CO
AO

GPS

ACAI

COM

DCAI

CC

ARCHITECTURE OF RTU /
FTRU
RT
U

UT
RO
ER
48
VDC

PSU MCU-1

MCU-2

RS485

AI

DI

DO/CO

30
VDC

48
VDC
30
VDC

PT
INPUTs
CT
INPUTs

TB:0 TB:0 TB:0 TB:0


1
2 OUTPUT
3
4TO
CONTROL

DEVICES
TB:1 TB:2
A
A

TB:3 TB:4
A
A

STATUS INPUTs From


DEVICES

CONTROL
PANEL

37

DF1725RTU Application

DF1725IED

2/3 19 RACK

19 RACK

MCU

AO-2

COM

DCAI-8

CO-8

DF1725IED Family

ACAI-3U3I

POWER

ACAI-6I

DI-16

MCU / CPU ( MICRO CONTROLLER


UNIT )
TECHNICAL
FEATURES

MCU / CPU ( MICRO CONTROLLER


UNIT )

TECHNICAL
SPECIFICATIONs

MCU / CPU ( MICRO CONTROLLER


UNIT )

TECHNICAL
SPECIFICATIONs

POWER SUPPLY UNIT


LED INDICATIONS

MCU / CPU ( MICRO CONTROLLER


UNIT )

SPECIFICATIONS

DC ANALOG INPUT CARD

DIGITAL INPUT CARD


SPECIFICATION
S

CONTROL OUTPUT / DIGITAL OUTPUT


CARD
SPECIFICATION
S

CMR /
HDR

CONTROL
SCHEME
HDR

RTU
CONTROL
PANEL
TB
To Control Point of
Device

- 48
VDC

TB
+ 30
VDC

+ 48
VDC

U
RO
ER

STATUS / ALARM
SCHEME
CMR

- 30 VDC

TB
+ 48
VDC

+ 48
VDC

RTU
U
RO
ER

CONTROL
PANEL

From Status Point of


Device

Requirement for SCADA/DMS system


1.To make existing 33/11kV substation SCADA
compatible.
2.Proposed new substation must be SCADA
compatible.
3.Control Center Infrastructure Development.
4. Integration with IT system under
Implementation of
R-APDRP.

Grid Substation Automation System


(GSAS)
Objective
Replace the dilapidated equipments as well as the
protection and control devices in the 33/11 kV
substation and make them SCADA ready.

Status
The existing 33/11 kV sub-station C&R panels will be
replaced under Part-B R-APDRP.

SCADA Control Centre

Integration with GIS


(under Implementation of IT R-APDRP)

Objective
To integrate GIS with SCADA / DMS technologies.

Requirement
As per R-APDRP guideline any Change in the electrical
network system which will be captured in GIS database
(through IT system under R-APDRP) of the utility shall
be automatically added/modified in SCADA/DMS
system.

Case Study AS TPDDL

56

Initial Challenges in July 2002


Dilapidated Distribution Network
the supply system on the verge of
collapse
- an average consumer faced
110 hours of supply interruption in a
Grievances on Revenue Cycle issues
year.
had crumbled without extra-ordinary
interventions

New connections pending


Pending - 100000 complaints in
files
more than 50% consumer records
out of
the total base
Change
Management
- of 7.43 lakhs
received had some form of errors.

Working environment of offices &


work culture, a key area of concern
.. the challenges on take over were huge but
consumer patience very little

Our Turnaround Story (1/4)


Initial Challenges

Current Scenario

AT&C Losses at a level of 53% rampant theft

AT&C Loss level : 13.4% -unprecedented reduction of 74% from


opening loss levels

Dilapidated Network on the verge of


collapse

N-1 Redundancy achieved


investment of over 2000 Crs in
network augmentation

Unreliable Power Situation transformer failure rate of 11%, only


48% streetlights functional, power cuts
of 8-11 hrs/day with 11-12 hrs in
summer

Power Reliability improved manifolds


transformer failure rate 1%, 98.5%
streetlights functional, power cuts
negligent despite continuous load
growth

No Concept of Consumer Service

One Stop solution for consumersState of Art Call Center and Consumer
Care

Erroneous consumer and asset


database
Lack of Performance orientation

GIS implemented , Assets and


consumers mapped

No Computerization / Automation /
Tracking and Monitoring

Performance Orientation through


Change Management
Integrated of IT system(GIS , Billing &

SCAD/DMS behind Turnaround Story (2/4)

Initial Challenges

Effort taken by TPDDL

AT&C Losses Reduction

Real time network monitoring,


effective load shedding & optimal
network reconfiguration

Electrical network up- gradation

Overloaded, Dilapidated equipment


replaced, Ring network developed to
survey wheeling energy.

Reduction in nos. of Fault & failure of


equipment
Consumer Service

consumer and asset database

SCADA helps to identify fault location


and cause of failure help to provide
preventive action
Centralized monitoring & controlling
system make convenient to act swiftly
to restore supply & authentic
communication to customer.
GIS-SCADA/DMS system helps to
identify customer with electrical
network thus appropriate services to
end user.

SCAD/DMS behind Turnaround Story (3/4)

Initial Challenges
No Computerization / Automation /
Tracking and Monitoring

Lack of Performance orientation

Effort taken by TPDDL


Information is wealth, capturing
information Authentically & rapid
exchange of information could not be
possible without implementation of
SCADA/DMS and other IT system
MIS process, Desk Board for
management power scheduling,
power trading,

Our Turnaround Story (4/4)


Before

After

Transition to Substation AutomationApproach

All Grid Substations 66/11 KV, 33/11 KV


are unmanned & controlled from SCADA

Adaptation of Technology-Many firsts

SCADA

GIS

Monitoring of total load through SCADA

Cap on Tap

Overview of TATA Power-DDL

Real-Time Load Monitoring

Real-Time Load Monitoring

Real-Time Load Monitoring

Thank You