URBAN MORPHOLOGY   “YENİKAPI TERM PROJECT”  ASSIGMENT 2

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KET 502 URBAN MORPHOLOGY INSTRUCTOR: PROF.DR. AYŞE SEMA KUBAT PREPARED BY: FERDİ İNANLI

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Location of Yenikapı in Turkey and İstanbul

Ferdi İnanlı

Ye n i p ı : ka A e ri lV i w - G o o g l a n d Tu rke y a e e M a p -İ. B . B

Location of Yenikapı in Historic Peninsula of İstanbul
Taksim Haliç Galata Topkapı Unkapanı Eminönü Aksaray Yenikapı Beyazıd Topkapı Sarayı

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

Yedikule

Marmara

Yenikapı : 2008 Aerial View-Google

So start with describing the site or “What is it”?

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

Yenikapı, where is meaning new entrance/door till Sultan IV.Murat, is located at the south of Historic Peninsula. It is almost at the center of the Peninsula. Yenikapı was always an important port in Historic Peninsula. Yenikapı is surrounded by at north Aksaray commercial district, at east Kumkapı and Katip Kazım neighborhood, at west Cerrahpaşa neighborhood and hospital at south Marmara Sea. Avenue Atatürk and Kennedy passes meets in Yenikapı.



Ye n i p ı : ka W o rki g a re a n Ye n i p ı : ka N e i h b o rh o o d s g La n d m a rks

Main Morphological Components of in Peninsula of İstanbul and Yenikapı :Histori Lands
Ferdi İnanlı

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Taksim

Haliç Galata Topkap ı Unkapanı Eminönü Beyazı d Yenikapı Aksaray Topkapı Sarayı

c PeninsulaGalata and Anatolian side

Sea: Marmara, Haliç And Bosporus Main axes İmportant places And study area

Yediku le

Marmara
Yenikapı : 2008 Aerial View-Google

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

A brief history of Yenikapı

Ferdi İnanlı

1,200 years ago and to the third century A.D… Istanbul's name was not yet Constantinople; it was Byzantium. The city's major ports hosted ships carrying pottery and incense brought from the East and headed to other ports. The grain to be distributed to the city would also be unloaded here. That port is today's Yenikapi. The former ports on the Golden Horn side of the re-founded city turned insufficient for the marine transportation with the increasing population and economic revival.Therefore, new ports were build on the Propontic coast. (r. AD 361-363) Second large of harbour on the Marmara coast was the Theodosian Harbour which was built by Theodosios I .The sea of the Marmara became a natural harbour formed by a large bay here and the Lykos (Bayrampaşa) Stream flowed in to the sea.The cities located at a harbour served for both unloading and loading.This is why the harbour became a trading place and developed more in socio-economic terms.

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Ferdi The Theodosian Harbour lied within the vegetable gardens called İnanlı the Blanka today; it was surrounded with walls all around and located in the flat area. Large Vlanga Bostanı (the great garden) is located in Yenikapı. During the archaeological excavation at Yenikapı Marmaray construction site, it has been learned that İstanbul's history dates back further than was previously thought, some 8,500 years. 8,000-year-old skeletons were discovered and with the continuous excavations further graves have been unearthed. The graves reveal that İstanbul used to be home to the earliest settlements during the Stone Age. The skeletons were found in four prehistoric graves. There were also remnants of some walls found during the excavations. They are now considered as the first city walls of Istanbul.

1 1 ce n tu ry Y e n i p ı : ka

V i w of e Ista n b u l fro m th e 1 6 th ce n tu ry G e o rg e B ra u n ( 1 5 4 1 -

Ferdi Morphologic Transformation and develomentİnanlı Yenikapı, İS of Yenikapı situated the

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

end point of Lycus(bayram paşa) stream. It consist Sea walls of İstanbul. Yalı Distirct can be seen in 7.th Century maps

4.century

11.century

1520

1789

1960

Ferdi Topography and infills of Historic Peninsula İnanlı and Yenikapı

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

7 h il o f İ n b u l V i s a n d + 4 0 m ls sta . sta Pri ci l n p e

To p o g ra p h y a n d i fi l o f n ls Ye n i p ı o ri i a l 2 0 1 0 ka , jn

Im p o rta n t p l ce s i H i a n s Pe n i su l ( K ü l r ve Tu ri n a tü b a ka n ı ı ı lğ )

O p e n sp a ce s o f Ye n i p ı ka

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Transformation and develoment of Yenikapı

Ferdi İnanlı

Port of Yenikapı İnfilled by soil by Bayrampaşa stream. In 11century a new port constructed In Ottoman era in 1860s Sea walls of İstanbul demolished in Yenikapı for the line of tram and some part inlays added. Through 1950Ss with Menderes Plans for the sake of a new Shore way sea inlayed agein. The last inlays added during Dalan’s

Yenikapı Shore line cheange,orijinal 2010

Now inlays is change to 100-500meters from 4th century.

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı In this part, I’ll give answers to six questions about “appraisal” (or personal experience on the environment). These questions are:

• • • • • •

Description  Evolutions  Aesthetic  Emotions  Meaning  Concern 

What is it? Is it good? Is it beautiful? How does it make me feel? What is its significance? Does it matter?

A ctu a l y , a l e se q u e sti n s/ i p re ssi n s a p p e a r to b e l lth o m o re l te d to e a ch o th e rs. T h e se q u e sti n s a re a b o u t a o p l ce / Ye n i p ıso m e o f th e m a re m o re i p o rta n t th a n th e a ka m p e rso n a l ti s i vo l d o r th e se tti g i l . i e n ve n tse f

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Shaping of Yenikapı(aerial views)
Atatürk Namık Kemal Namık Kemal Langa Bostanlı ğı Yalı district Tram line

Ferdi İnanlı

Tram line

1914
Namık Atatürk Kemal

1946

Tram line Kennedy Boulevard 1966 2007

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Yenikapı in Pervititch maps

Ferdi İnanlı

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Old maps

Ferdi İnanlı

Hakkı Bey Map

Prost plan,1937 Prost plan proposed a new shore way Atatürk Boulevard and a new junction.

Meaning  What is its significance?

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

It is significant because it is at the center of Historic Peninsula and so İstanbul. It is going to be transportation focus for whole İstanbul after transfer station completed. It is surrounded by traditional/historic and important places. It has many historic layers (Roman-Byzantium-Ottoman and Republican) and values (mosques, neighborhoods) and it is always the door of İstanbul (Kadim şehrin Yenikapısı). Railway and its station is another valuable thing of Yenikapı. The piers and the port are too. They are starting and finishing point of many travel.

Ye n i p ı : ka 1 / 5 0 0 0 “ C o n ve rsa ti n p l n ” o a ( 2005 )

Ye n i p ı : ka C i w a l s ru i s( M ü l e r m a p ) ty l n l

Topography and morphology

(Original,2010)

(Original,2010)

Sea front flatness(Original,2010)

Kürkçübaşı slopes(Original,2010)

Yenikapı has attitudes between 0-45 meters. Aksaray and inlay part area flat areas. Kürkçübaşı district is

Pedestrian circulation

Pedestiran movement is dense in Aksaray district and among the Atatürk Boulevard, Cerrahpaşa stret K.Langa Street.
 

In sloped areas and (yalı and Kürkçübaşı)n eigbourhood s pedestrian density is precisely decreases.

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Urban Web

Ferdi İnanlı

Atatürk Avenue Küçük LangaStreet

Namık Kemal Street

Excavatio n area

Yenikapı has dense network at its perimeters. But at center between K.Langa street and Kennedy Avenue accesibility is only be by Namık Kemal street.

Kennedy Avenue

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Urban blocks

Ferdi İnanlı

A ksa ra y

C e rra h p a şa H o sp i l ta

C e n te r

E xca va ti K a ti o p n a re a K a zı m Ya l ı

S h o re p a rks

Urban bloks are mostly granulated in Yalı,Katip Kazım and Kürkçübaşı neigbourhoo d. Parsel become bigger at the center,Aksar ay district and Cerrahpaşa hospital. Land ownership is the key

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Urban Buildings

Ferdi İnanlı

Aksaray
Kürkçüba şı Center Katip Kazım

Cerrahpa şa Hospital

Excavati on area Yalı

Building density is high in Aksaray, Yalı, Kürkçübaşı, Katıp Kazım parts. But this density is suddenly decreases in centeral part between tram line and K.Langa street.

Shore parks

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Solid-void

Ferdi İnanlı

Aksaray
Kürkçüba şı Center Excavatio n area Yalı Katip Kazım

Voids are at th e center and the shore of Marmara. Solids are dense at north of K.Langa Street

Cerrahpa şa Hospital

Shore parks

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Urban Fabric

Ferdi İnanlı

Aksaray
Kürkçüba şı Center Katip Kazım

Cerrahpa şa Hospital

Excavati on area Yalı

Shore parks

Urban fabric of Yenikapı represent diversiies. Yalı is significant, Aksaray is also. Kürkçübaşı and Katip kazım are another remarkable parts. South parts of the Kennedy Avenue is notable with its continuety.

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

R a i yste m s lS

Ye n i p ı : ka D si rcts a n d La n d m a rks ti

Nowadays excavation continues in Yenikapı, where Marmaray, M2 and M1 meet at an underground transfer station. Image of area is changing day by day. Yalı district is at the south-center of the area. This district is has historic buildings. Area has many passive open spaces but narrow active spaces.

• • •

Architecture and façades

1 -A ta tü rk A ve n u e w e st fa ça d e

2 -K ü rkçü b a ş ı N e i b o u rh o o d g 3 -K . La n g a re g i re d ste b u id i g l n

4 -K a sa p İl s Tra d i o n a l ya ti

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

La n d o w n e rsh i p

B u i d i g co n ti i n l n d to

• •

Yalı District and north of the tram line mainly occupied by private ownership. Southern parts of tram line is owned by Grater Municipality and Fatih municipality. Buiding conditions are generally moderate. But there are notable buildings which is in a bad condition and start to collapse. It has mainly one-storeyed building at the center and surrounded by 5-7 storeyed buildings at north. At east on Atatürk Avenue building density and storey number is rising.

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Evolutions  Is it good?

Ferdi İnanlı

What is “Good”: Is it preferred by people. Is it preferred for living(housing). Is it secure. Who are the day an night usuages and users. For passengers and passers. İmage map/orientability( is it easy to definy, find area,orientarion). Being an Transfer foci is good or a pressure? Yenikapı is preferred not as a place as vesting time or living except Yalı district; it is only a passing route for different passengers. Bus station, Banliyö’s station and piers of inner-lines and intercity lines area generate these passengers. This land uses effects the image of the area. Therefore temporary uses situated among the passing route of passengers such as, hotels, car parks, bus station, and restaurants. (Feed back each other preference  commercial facilities) If I make a “cognitive map” about Yenikapı, I prefer (sign) excavation area and then the Avenue of Atatürk and Kennedy and then bus station and piers. Banliyö’s station, Cerrahpaşa Mosque and Cerrahpaşa hospital area the second stage places for my preferences.

• •

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı M y fi co g n i ve m a p rst ti a b o u t th e a re a ( 2 0 1 0 )

D i rse -a g e d p e o p l s u se d a re a ve e exce p t ch i d re n . Yo u ca n se e l ch i d re n o n l i Ya l e i h b o rh o o d l y n ın g a n d K ü rkçü b a ş ı D i ct. S ta ti n s stri o a n d n e i h b o rh o o d s a re u se d i g n d a y. A ve n u e A ta tü rk a n d A ksa ra y i s u se d a l o st a l d a y b u t th e u sa g e m l i ch a n g i g b e tw e e n d a y a n d s n n i h t. a re a b e co m e m o re co m p l g ex a n d cro w d d u ri g p i ti e s o f n ck m İ n b u l 7 . 3 0 -8 . 3 0 i th e m o rn i g , sta ( n n 1 8 . 0 0 -1 9 . 0 0 a t th e a fte rn o o n .) Permanently used areas are more valuable but as I examine they are pressured by transportation focus which intersecting at Yenikapı.

Some sections

sca l s: 1 / 1 0 0 0 e

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı C o m m e rci lA re a s a

D i rse -a g e d p e o p l s u se d a re a ve e exce p t ch i d re n . Yo u ca n se e l ch i d re n o n l i Ya l e i h b o rh o o d l y n ın g a n d K ü rkçü b a ş ı D i ct. S ta ti n s stri o a n d n e i h b o rh o o d s a re u se d i g n d a y. A ve n u e A ta tü rk a n d A ksa ra y i s u se d a l o st a l d a y b u t th e u sa g e m l i ch a n g i g b e tw e e n d a y a n d s n n i h t. a re a b e co m e m o re co m p l g ex a n d cro w d d u ri g p i ti e s o f n ck m İ n b u l 7 . 3 0 -8 . 3 0 i th e m o rn i g , sta ( n n 1 8 . 0 0 -1 9 . 0 0 a t th e a fte rn o o n .) • Permanently used areas are more valuable but as I examine they are pressured by transportation focus which intersecting at Yenikapı.

Residential Areas.

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı Grid-iron parts

Grid iron parts of Yenikapı occupied by commercial facilities like hotels, bazaars, restaurans. They are new and well kept buildings.

Topography oriented areas mainly used as residential. This part are traditional neigborhoods and many registred buildins exist there

Topography oriented lines

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Demography and morphology

Ferdi İnanlı

• •

Yenikapı has intersections of many civilizations.In Ottoman Period Yenikapı is occupied by diverse ethnic groups. This ethnic groups put their orders to their neigbourhoods: Yalı district is used by Armenians and so its significance with its Armenian-Catholic Church. It has rigid-grid iron plan Katip Kazım is used by Greek-ortodox population. Respecting to the topography of the site this neigbourhood is organic network-street pattern. Kürkçübaşı is a mulim neigbourhood and it remains the traces of Ottoman pallnig order. Culdecacs(çıkmaz) and mosques Cerrahpaşa and Kasap İlyas are main element. Regarding the topograpyt is another important aspect.

Landuse

Aesthetic

 Is it beautiful?

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

H a s Ye n i p ı a rh i ctu ra l u n i , co n ti u ty , ch a n g e s , b a l n ce ? ka te ty n a W h a t a re th e u n a e sth e ti i a g e s? Fo r p a sse n g e rs a n d p a sse rs? c m This question is the most subjective question so the answer is more variable from person to person. I think some traditional neighborhoods such as Yalı and Kürkçübaşı is beautiful, lively and attractive but they are start to changing after underground routes. Excavations, marmaray and metro constructions create unaesthetic images in my mind. Also Avenue Atatürk and Kennedy are only roads for vehicles and fulled of traffic sign and lights. Avenue of Kennedy has crushed barriers and fast traffic with its private fast line and it divide the interaction between inlands and the Sea of Marmara. Banliyö’sline is another fold after Avenue of Kennedy. By these obstructions sea become only an image. • Kürkçübaşı Kürkçübaşı district is crowded by 5-6 stroreyed unaesthetic row apartment blocks.

Ye n i p ı : ka A e ri lV i w o f a e 3 d M odel Ye n i p ı : ka In To u ri c sti M a p s( 2 0 0 9 )

Unaesthetic images:

3-Excavation 1area Jucti on

6 2 4 1 5 3 4-Car services 6-Tabelas

5-Construction site??

2-Emniyet Garages

Emotions

 How does it make me feel?

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

Although it is more noisy and unaesthetic, I think this image can change after excavations and constructions finished. When I walked in Yenikapı I feel uncomfortable especially at the central part of area. Garages and industrial estate located at this part of the area. I like seaside at day-times Abut I road not want to go crowd do Junction at night. Traditional
Arhitecte & life

Density of buildins Vista and Suprise effect

Edge-Train lines. Passive Open space: Shore park Shore-A different world

To conclude (Concern)  Does it matter?

Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı Ferdi İnanlı

It is matter because of this area is at the heart of the Historic Peninsula, and so includes historic layers, values, styles and lives. It is matter because it is becoming the transportation for whole İstanbul by its Marmaray, metro, LRT, city-lines, inter-city lines, bus station I concern because; it is a focal place, it is my project site, it has traditional parts and a new changing face, and has a place in many people’s memories I think Yenikapı live many changes (and continue to live changes/transformations) but it always has a essence of to be a door and to be different/new. Some land usages and technology is continually changing but Yenikapı is always a important transportation focus in İstanbul.

• •

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Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

Referances
• • • • • • •

Ferdi İnanlı

Çelik, Zeynep. !998. Değişen İstanbul, Tarih Vakfı Yury Yaınları, İstanbul Ökten, A.N.,Altınok,E.Bilen,Ö.2008. Yenikapı sosyo ekonomik durum raporu, Fatih Belediyesi arşivi,İstanbul Tarihi Yarımada Koruma amaçlı İmar planı, İ.B.B. Planlama müdürlüğü. İ.M.P maps Ceresatto, Cladio, personal archive and drawings,2010

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Morphologic Analyses of Yenikapı

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