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# Correlation Research Design

Group 2
Members of Group:
Ni Putu Intan Pertamasari (1312021053)
Putu Febby Laksmi Decker (1312021055)
Anak Agung Istri Sri Wirapatni (1312021060)

Materials
1. Definition of Correlation Research Design
2. Function of Correlation Research Design
3. Simple Correlation
4. Simple Regression
5. Multiple Regression
6. Canonical Regression
7. Path Analysis

## What is correlation research?

Correlation research
Definition

Relationsh
ip

Two or
more
variables

No
manipulatio
n

## What is the function of correlation research ?

1. To describe and measure relationship between
two or more variables.
2. To determine if there is a relationship between
two variables or more and how strong or weak the
relationship is.
3. To predict an outcome among two or more
variables (Prediction Studies).

Correlation

Regression

Correlation
Simple Correlation

Simple

Path

Multiple

Correlation
The relationship between more than one variable
is considered as correlation which means a simple
correlation relate one variable with another
variable.

## The correlation is said to be simple if there are

only two variables under study or being analyzed.
X
Y
Example:
- The relationship between students motivation and
students achievement.
- The relationship between students sense of
humor and students performance in drama.

What is Regression ?
According to Cohen and Holliday (1996) regression
analysis enables the researcher to predict the
specific value of one variable when we know or
assume values of the other variable(s). That is,
the researcher can calculate the effect of one
independent variable on one dependent variable.

## The regression is said to be simple if there are only

two variables under study in which the researchers
are able to predict one variable (predicted) based
on another variable (predictor).
X

Simple Regression
Example:
- The researcher may see the effect of hours of
study on levels of students achievement in an
examination. The researchers are able to see how
much improvement will be made to an
examination by a given number of hours of study.

Multiple Regression
Multiple Regression
regression.
Multiple Regression
single dependent

## extension of simple linear

combined relationship
multiple independent

Example
Hour of study
IQ

## The exercise result

(Multiple Independent )
(from those multiple independent variable we can predict the
single dependent variable)

Canonical Regression
To predict the relationship between two
multivariate sets of variables (vectors), all
measured on the same individual / same person.

Example:
Listening
Speaking

Motivation
Writing
(from motivation we can predict the students
skill individually)

Path Analysis

## It is used to test the likelihood of a causal

connection among three or more variables
explained by path diagram.

Path Diagram
Motivation
Achievement
+

Students
+

Aptitude