GEOTEXTILES IN

TRANSPORTATION
APPLICATIONS
Under the guidence of
Mr. Manjunath H.S
Assistance proff.

Pressented by
VINAY K.Y

CONTENTS
 Introduction
 Types of geotextiles
 Functions
 Design property
 Area on application
 Conclusion
 Reference

GEOTEXTILES .

Their primary function is to separate the sub base from the sub grade resulting in stronger road construction. The geotextile perform this function by providing a dense mass of fibres at the interface of the two layers. earth etc as an integral part of civil engineering project. structure. rock. or system.  Geotextiles have been used very successfully in road construction for over 36 years.INTRODUCTION  Defined as permeable textile materials used in contact with the soil. .

Only recently have geotextiles been used and evaluated for modern road construction. Geotextiles today are highly developed products that must comply with numerous standards.Continue…. particularly when roads were made on unstable soil. fabrics or vegetation mixed with soil to improve road quality. .  These early geotextiles were made of natural fibres.

TYPES OF GEOTEXTILES Woven fabrics Non-woven fabrics .

WOVEN TYPE NON WOVEN TYPE .

Synthetic fibres . Natural fibres 2.SELECTION OF FIBRE FOR GEOTEXTILES 1.

Polyesters 3. Polypropylene . Ramie 2.• Natural fibres 1. Polyethylene 4. Polyamides 2. Jute • Synthetic Fibres 1.

FUNCTIONS OF GEOTEXTILES Filtration Drainage Separation Reinforcement Sealing .

SEPARATION .

FILTRATION .

DRAINAGE .

SEALING .

Reinforcement .

DESIGN PROPERTIES Puncture Strength Burst Strength Dynamic Puncture Permeability Apparent Opening Size (AOS) Grab Tensile Strength and Elongation .

To measure puncture resistance 2. Stimulates puncture strength to static load of aggregates 3. Resistance to puncture measured in Newton Burst Strength  Stimulates strength of geotextile to a continuous hydraulic load  Force causing rupture recorded in units of pounds per square inch or Kilo Pascal .Puncture Strength 1.

Dynamic Puncture  To measure the strength of geotextile to falling objects  Stimulates placement of aggregate over geotextile during installation stage  Expressed in mm .

geotextile permittivitty (sec-1) k.geotextile permeability(cm/sec) t.geotextile thickness (mm) expressed in liters per square meters per second . Permeability measures the rate at which liquids can pass through the geotextile x=k/t x.

AREAS OF APPLICATION • Road works • Railway works • Drainage • River canals and coastal work .

Road works .

Installation Procedure for overlays The surface is cleaned Cracks are filled or repaired Tack coat of residual asphalt is evenly applied The paving fabric is laid with minimum wrinkles Finally hot mix overlay is placed .

Drainage .

CONCLUSION  Geotextiles are an efficient effective and economic method of solving most of the geotechnical problems in roads.  The design engineer should be well aware of the possible problems and should use this relatively new tool for solving them. .

Sabit adanur.Umesh sharma and Ankita katri. • Application of geotextile in pavement- Truptimalapattnaik and Vinayakvidyasagar.REFERENCE • Application of geotextiles in pavement drainage system- Dr. • Design and characterstics of geotextiles in high perfomance application. David elton. .

THANK YOU .