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Curriculum Implementation

 Putting into practice the


written curriculum that has
been designed in the syllabi,
course of study, curricular
guides, and subjects.
It’sa process wherein the
learners acquire the planned
or intended knowledge,
skills and attitudes that are
aimed at enabling the same
learners to functions
effectively in the society.
Ornstein and Hunkins -
as the inter action between
the curricula that has been
written and planned and
the persons(teachers) who
are in charged to deliver it.
 Loucks and Lieberman-
they defined it as the trying out
of a new practice and what it
looks like when actually used in
school system. It simply means
that implementation should
bring desired change and
improvement.
Concept of Change:
Change is a constant law of
nature. It brings
improvements. Change is an
ongoing process.
Concept of Change:
 Not all changes lead to
improvement, but all
improvement requires change.
The ability to develop, test, and
implement changes is essential
for any individual, group, or
organization that wants to
continuously improve.
Features of Change:
 It’s a PROCESS not an EVENT
 It requires time, energy and
resources.
 It is achieved incrementally
and entails development in
feelings and skills. Change-
Process of curriculum change
may be assisted by
permissiveness and support
in accordance of with a
helpful improvement in
curriculum. Changing
curriculum changes
individuals.
Process of curriculum change
It
must be necessary in
consideration that the
resources of
implementation of
curriculum are available
or not.
Force Field Analysis in Curriculum
Change
Driving Forces E Restraining Forces
C
Q
U
Government Interventions
H
I
Fear of the unknown

L
Society’s Values
A
I Negative Attitudes to change

B
Technological Changes N
R Tradition Values
U
Knowledge Explosions G
I
Limited Resources
M

Administrative Support
E Obsolete Equipment
C
U FORCE FIELD ANALYSIS IN CURRICULUM
R
CHANGES
R
6I
C
5U
L
4U
M EQUILIBRIUM
3
L
2E
V
1E
L
0
1985 1995 2005 2015 2025
Categories of Curriculum Change
1. Substitution- Replace the
present with a new one
2. Alteration- Introduce
minor changes or
modification on the
current one
Categories of Curriculum Change
3.Restructuring- Introduce major
modification of the current
curriculum
4. Perturbation- Changes happen
within a fairly short time
5. Value Orientation- Respond to
shift in emphasis within the
vision/mission of the school
Important elements in the
process of change

1. Developmental
2. Participatory
3. Supportive