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Study Of Multistoried Parking Lot

It is a building which is designed specifically to be for


Automobile
Parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on
which
parking takes place.

Basic study :
Two types of car parking
• Traditional
Traditional car parking Automated car parking
• Automated

Vertical
Circulation: Horizontal

Two types of car parking


• Horizontal circulation (Horizontal lift, walkway path)
• Vertical circulation ( lift, elevator, Ramp etc) Circulation

Car Ramp:
8’-0” 8’-0”

Car ramp ratio 1:8 Clear height (8’-0”)

Turning radius:

Turning radius for car Turning radius for Bus


Parking Arrangement:

24’-0”
Angle 90° 9’-0”

19’-0”
Standard dimensions for this configuration are:
• Parking space width 9’-0”
• Parking space length 19’-0”
• Driving aisle width (2-way) 24’-0” Angle 90°
• Two rows plus aisle width 62’-0”

Angle 60°

18’-0”
Standard dimensions for this configuration are:

21’-0”
• Parking space width 9’-0”
• Parking space length 21’-0”
• Driving aisle width (2-way) 18’-0”
• Two rows plus aisle width 61’-9”
Angle 60°

Angle 45°

19’-0”
Standard dimensions for this configuration are:
• Parking space width 9’-0”

19’-10”
• Parking space length 19’-10”
• Driving aisle width (2-way) 13’-0”
• Two rows plus aisle width 52’-8”
Angle 45°
Angle 30°
Standard dimensions for this configuration are:
17’-4”
• Parking space width 9’-0”
• Parking space length 17’-4”
11’-0”

• Driving aisle width (2-way) 11’-0”


• Two rows plus aisle width 45’-8”

Angle 30°
Case Study 01( Traditional )
Project name : Society Parking Building
Architect :JAAM Sociedad de aquatinters

Basic information :
Location : Leioa, Biscay, Spain.
Area : 26800.0 sqm.
Project Year : 2013

Feature:
The building is approached from rationality, constructive
conception from a prefabricated concrete structure that close
the building: aluminium and polycarbonate.

aluminium and polycarbonate. Society Parking Building


Feature:
• The upper order, with an aluminium façade is
a large prism which cantilevers above the bus
dock creating a waiting shelter with a
translucent blue skylight.
• The volume is in a rectangular parcel with two
overlapping orders,
• the first is an opaque plinth with human scale,
• a big bench in the buses dock with occasional
openings for access of vehicles and people.

Polycarbonate
Translucent blue skylight Aluminium
Plan Analysis:
•Out door parking capacity : 118 (car)(27,545 sft) & 18 (bus)(22,106 sft).
•Ground floor: 275 car ( handicapped facility 22 car) (59,207 sft) .
•Normal car parking size
: 7’x14’
•Handicapped car
parking size : Entry
10’-8”x14’-5”
•Bus : 11’x37’

Outdoor

Indoor

Entry

Ground Floor Plan


Plan Analysis:
•1st floor : 284 car ( handicapped facility 13 car) (59,207 sft). Stair
•2nd floor : 294 car( no handicapped facility car) (59,207 sft).
•Roof top : 294 car(no handicapped facility car) (59,207 sft).
•Total indoor : 1147 car ( handicapped facility car 35).
•Handicapped car Ratio 1: 32.
•Drive way : 17’-7”
•Clear height : 10’
•Normal car parking

mp
size : 7’x14’

Ra
•Handicapped car
parking size :
10’-8”x14’-5”
•Bus : 11’x37’
•Ramp: 1:6.1
Lift

Stair Stair

mp
Ra
Stair
First Floor Plan First Floor Plan
Plan Analysis:
•Structure System : Prefabricated Concrete Structure
•Floor Height: 10’-0”
•Maximum Span: 45’-7”
•Minimum Span: 13’-10”
•Ramp: 1:6.1

Section

Section Column Layout

Column
•Ramp Structure :
Ramp
Beam
Case Study 02( Automated )
Project name : Volkswagen Parking Lot Tower At Autostadt
Architect : HNEE architecten
Basic information :
Type -Public
Founded -Berlin, Germany (May 28, 1937; 80 years ago)
Headquarters - Wolfsburg, Germany
Services - Banking, financing, fleet management, insurance,
Owner - Porsche Automobile Holding SE (52.2%), State of
l lower Saxony(20.0%), Qatar Investment
Divisions - Automotive Division , Financial Services Division

Feature:
• A kind of temporary vertical parking lot at Volkswagen.
• The 48-meter tall silos are composed of glass and galvanized
steel, illuminated by night.
• lifted into position via mechanical arms that rotate and run along a
central beam, moving vehicles in and out of their bays.

Moving vehicles by
mechanical arms

Central car lift


• gross floor area of two towers and the basement: 25,170 Volkswagen multistoried parking building
m²construction
Road circulation :

Automated
Manual
Parking
Parking lot
tower
Built form
Water body

Node
Road circulation

Manual parking lot Automated parking tower Built form


and Water body
Plan analysis:

8’-0”
Walkable path for
people

39’-
Parking space

6”
7’-4”

7’-6”
20’- Eclectic lift with Clear height
11” 38’- 2 arms
6”

Dividing space
between 2 car
Clear space
16 car per floor

Circular arrangement Dividing space between 2 car

Walkable path for people Parking space Eclectic lift with 2 arms
Mechanical Process :
car

Movable arm

Extendable arm (7’-0”)

Base
7’-8” 15’-4”

Lift (for car)


• World fastest automatic parking system
• Lift speed : 2 meter / sec
• Robotic pallet system mounted on rails
• Using 2 Car shuttles
• Each servicing 180” of the silo
• It takes In 1min and 44sec from the
entrance of the towers to the highest
parking space
• Parking system is based around micro
controller and sensor
• It follows the instruction as the computer
does do

Structural system :
• Steel structure With glass façade
• Galvanized steel

Interior steel structure Steel beam Exterior Glass and steel member
ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATED SYSTEM ADVANTAGES OF TRADITIONAL SYSTEM

• Parking efficiency off the system is very good 70% • Less parking cost
• Less land requirement • Less parking time consuming
• Vehicle parking and retrieval is very less time Consuming • Comfortable parking system
• High security • The system efficiency of this system is high.
• Easy parking and retrieval • Infrastructural cost is minimum
• Easy to management • Secure against theft
• Less staff requirement
• Overalls less parking cost

DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATED SYSTEM DISADVANTAGE OF TRADITIONAL SYSTEM


• This system has very good parking efficiency • Space consumption is more.
comparing to conventional system. • Time consuming.
• Vehicle parking system is still time consuming. • Availability of open parking land at market place is
• To park in upper story a helical pathway is made to not their.
drive on helical pathway for everyone is not • If availability of land is their, cost is very high.
comfortable. • Number of members required to manage is more.
• Efficiency of Parking system can be calculated by • Vehicle retrieval system is time consuming.
total volume available verses total stored volume. • Difficult to manage.
• This system efficiency of this system is poor less • Overall parking cost is high.
than 20%. • Less secure against theft.
• Infrastructure cost is high.
• Big staff is required to maintain.
• Less secure against theft.
• Overall parking cost is high.

REFERENCE.
https://www.archdaily.com › ... › Parking Building / JAAM Sociedad de arquitectura
https://www.autostadt.de/en/explore-the-autostadt/car-towers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autostadt
https://www.luxury-architecture.net/volkswagen-autostadt-car-towers/