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# STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND

## Name of the faculty : T.Madhavi Kumari

Designation : Lecturer
Branch : Electronics & Communication Engg..
Semester : III Semester
Subject : Electronics –I
Subject Code : EE-305
Topic : Introduction to Amplifiers
Duration : 50 Minutes
Sub Topic : 5.3 Types of Biasing Methods
Fixed Biasing
Teaching aids : PPT, visuals

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Recap

## • Proper selection of “Q” point

• Bias stabilization

• Stability factors

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Objectives

## After the completion of the period student will be able

to know
• Different methods of transistor biasing circuits

Circuit analysis
Stabilization

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Biasing circuit

## • Proper flow of zero signal IC and the maintenance

of proper VCE during the passage of signal is known as
transistor biasing

## • This can be achieved with a bias battery or associated

circuit with a transistor

## • Circuit used with transistor is known as biasing circuit

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Desired features of biasing circuits
• To establish conveniently the operating point in the middle
of the active region of the characteristics

## • VCE does not fall below

0.5V for Ge transistors
1 V for Si transistors at any instant

parameters

## • To stabilize the IC against temperature variations

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Methods of transistor biasing

## 4. Collector to Base bias

(Base bias with collector bias)

## 3. Voltage divider bias (Self bias )

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Base resistor method (Fixed Bias)

loop

IB I
c
• VCC=IBRB+VBE

IB
• IBRB=VCC-VBE

VCC - VBE
RB =
IB

## Fig 1 circuit diagram of base resistor

method
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Why the name fixed bias?

VCC - VBE
RB =
IB VBE« VCC

• RB=VCC/IB

## • VCC is a fixed quantity

• IB is chosen at some suitable value

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Expression for Stability factor:

S=
β+1
d IB
1−β( )
d IC

VCC - VBE
For fixed bias IB =
RB
d IB
=0
d IC
• IB is independent of IC
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S=β+1

## • Poor Thermal stability

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thermal
runaway Stabilisation

ICBO
ICBO
T T T ICEO ICEO

IC
IC
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is required.

are simple.

## • There is no loading of the source by the biasing circuit

since no resistor is employed across base emitter
junction

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• Poor stabilization
S = β +1
• IC depends on β

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Summary

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QUIZ

(a) β

(b) β+1

(c) 1/β

(d) 1/(β+1)

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QUIZ

(a) 100

(b) 200

(d) 1

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