By the end of this session, the participants should be able to:

1. Identify the THREATS AND RISKS confronting young people of today
2. Discuss what are the causes and consequences of high-risks taking behavior among young people. 3. Explain why young people are particularly vulnerable to THREATS AND RISKS . 4. Demonstrate increased empathy and commitment towards the threats and risks and other and difficulties facing by the youth . 5. Recognize measures to PROTECT adolescents from these threats and risks .

A period of increasing vulnerability and risks. Even as it opens the door to a wider world, new kinds of relationships and new types of challenges, it exposes the youth to greater threats and more risks than they have ever encountered.

 These threats and risks are potential landmines in the adolescents’ journey to adulthood. They pose very real dangers to their safety, health, well being and future.
As parents, we should be the first allies and partners of our adolescents in development, we need to know and understand these threats and risks facing our adolescent children.




guardians or caretakers.BANDONMENT  This describe the situation where an adolescent or child is deserted by parents. throwaways or homeless.  Another term for abandoned youth is throwaways. They include those who leave or were subjected to extreme level of abuse or neglect. . Many of them end up as streetchildren.  Runaways are youth who leave and remain away from home without parental permission or consent.  Streetchildren refers to children who live in the streets and are either runaways.

rebellion form restrictive environment or running away from dysfunctional families with high incidence of neglect. They usually return home after a few days. . abuse and serious conflicts.  The largest number of runaways are those who leave home after disagreement with parents.BANDONMENT  Some of the most common reasons for leaving home is to seek for better living conditions.

 The impact of armed conflict on children and young people is immeasurable . or gangs. It may not necessarily be between rebels and government troops.  Armed conflict is a threat to young people because often. . . It can also be between armed civilian groups and warlords. rebellion. or rivalries between opposing factions/groups.RMED CONFLICT  Armed conflict is arising mainly from insurgency. Armed conflicts disrupt social networks and primary relationships. which supports a young person's development. it is they who are caught in the crossfire and have to bear the brunt of the difficulties and uncertainties .

They are often seriously injured or disabled by armed conflict. grieving and fear that adolescents face in these situations often creates long term psychological and emotional distress . . mutilation or death.  There are no ways to measure the psychological and emotional toll on a young person who lives for a years with constant fear of bombings. Many more suffer from malnutrition and diseases associated with armed conflict.RMED CONFLICT  Children and young people become victims of human rights violation .  The inevitable loss.

the displacement of population.  Armed conflict contributes to the disintegration of families and communities. . health. It can distort their development of identity .RMED CONFLICT  The horror of armed conflict and the continuing exposure to brutality and violence can also make adolescents distrustful of adults. educational.g. Worst. the breakdown of established social values and the destruction of various infrastructure (e. transportation).

Since youth is an important actor in attaining sustainable development.NATURAL RESOURCE OR ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION  Environmental Degradation.  It is an issue that does not only affect individuals but the entire community and the world as a whole. . their active participation in the environmental protection is called for . It also includes the destruction of the immediate surroundings of an individual . This is commonly viewed as endangering the natural resource base.

all of which are interrelated and interact with each other.NATURAL RESOURCE OR ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION  The environment is like a complex living machine. we are likewise endangering our future and the very future of humanity and life as we know it for . we put our survival at risk . . It consists of a network of life support systems or ecosystems. By doing so. If damage one part of it. we are not only putting our own survival at risk.  By degrading our resource base and damaging our ecosystems we are in affect destroying our environment.

It is the wellspring of strength and stability of a community and nation . where they learn how to think and feel about certain things.  The family is also place where children learn the roles they are likely to play and the expected behaviors that go with it. where they evolve a set of values and beliefs to live by . .YSFUNCTIONAL FAMILIES  A family is the basic unit of society. It is where children learn to socialize .  It is within the family that children develop a sense of what is right or wrong.

brought about by either separation or death . . Sometimes in lieu of their families.YSFUNCTIONAL FAMILIES  However. In worse cases. they find friends who have the same familial problems and are resorting to risky behaviors to divert their problems or to fill-in their neglected needs . Parents failed to attend to the various needs of their young making the youth seek other avenues where they can satisfy these needs. more and more young people are passing through the transition from childhood to adulthood not under the care of both parents. either because of work or a change in their family situation.  Many of the youth issues are rooted from dysfunctional families. they turn to their friends and peers.

EMORALIZATION and INCREASING PASSIVITY OF THE YOUTH  Although the role of the youth is expressly recognized from the highest to the lowest hierarchy of laws in the land. youth participation is seldom seen in key development undertakings. This is not only because of the lack of opportunities and venues for them to participate but more significantly because of their will not to participate. .

EMORALIZATION and INCREASING PASSIVITY OF THE YOUTH  The highly politicized structure and system of government has defeated the purpose for which the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) was created. from the selection of its officers down to the implementation of SK projects. . SK activities. In most cases. are diluted with political color. SK officers and members are left either as implementing arm of local executives or as passive spectator to development activities in their localities .

EMORALIZATION and INCREASING PASSIVITY OF THE YOUTH Though a number of SK has genuinely been a positive force in their localities. as a whole it is an oft-misunderstood institution that is perceived by some sectors as unresponsive. and corrupt . inefficient. .

and in environmental and cultural preservation . .  Growing apathy among the youth regarding national issues and other community affairs .  Limited participation of youth in the planning and evaluation stages of local government projects .EMORALIZATION and INCREASING PASSIVITY OF THE YOUTH  The apparent demoralization and increasing passivity of youth towards development concerns can be manifested in the following .  Low participation of youth in community activities.

kidnapped. and even killed. . raped. attacked.  These climates of widespread criminality exposes the youth to the possibility of being mauled. victimize by a pickpocketer.ISING CRIMINALITY Rising criminality refers to the increasing occurrence and growing seriousness of crimes against persons and property.

ISING CRIMINALITY  The rising criminality as a social issue involves youth as a victim and as a perpetrator . among others . assault. we hear and read news and even witness crimes that involve youth offenders . and sexual violence. substance abuse.  The increasing incidences of crimes perpetuated by youth cannot only be seen in hidden statistics but overly in the dailies.  Youth crimes and delinquent acts include theft. possession of weapons. obstructing justice. Almost everyday. .

family.  Many of youth offenses are committed by youth gangsters who are living in communities which have high incidence of criminal offenses. . community and other institutions which affect youth behaviors .  Peer pressure may also push an adolescent to commit offenses even beyond his will .ISING CRIMINALITY  The involvement of youth in criminal and delinquent acts is rooted in very complex factors which can be found in the individual-self.  Violent acts in the family may have a significant influence on the behaviors of an individual youth .

 The socio-economic conditions of the youth sometimes prompt them to break laws. Some of these criminal offenses are done by youth in order to get attention from their parents and other significant persons .  The psycho-social make-up of an adolescent is another important factor that influences youth to commit criminal offenses. Media portrays violence as an effective resolution to conflicts and disputes (e. . violence to get justice done.ISING CRIMINALITY  The media also contributes to the development of criminal behaviors among youth and adolescents. A high association of hunger and criminal incidences has been noted by researches and studies .g. etc) which in the minds of the youth are also the same in real life .

ISING INCIDENCE OF SCHOOL DROP OUTS  Rising incidence of school drop-outs refers to the increasing occurrence and growing number of young people who are out of school or has stop attending formal schooling in any institution .  The socio-economic conditions of the youth are one of the major reasons that prompt them to stop schooling especially if they cannot afford the expenses and requirements of a student . .

. who has no clear clear direction and purpose in life may most likely lose interest in going to school . a psychologically disturbed individual.  The psycho-social make-up of an adolescent is another important factor that influences youth to stop going to school. Moreover.ISING INCIDENCE OF SCHOOL DROP OUTS Many of the youth has to leave the school to look for work in order to support their family . Some are doing these in order to get attention from their parents and other significant persons.

. The encouraging educational profile of Filipino youths does not translate into better employment opportunities (Ogena and berja.. 2004). Many of them leave school early to look fro work and help their families. yet a number still cannot find suitable employment.  In 2002. The high unemployment rate of young people is due to the country’s constricted market for young entrants to labor market.INCOME DEFICIENCY (UNEMPLOYMENT)  Unemployment is a reality for many young Filipinos.1 million total unemployed belong to ages 1524. 3. Even those who have completed college or who have gone to technical/vocational schools are not assured of jobs .

and being paid less than their adult counterparts for the same amount of work . lack of access to social security and protection.  Youth engaging in temporary employment are also exposed to issues involving security of tenure. poor bargaining power and limited protection by unions.INCOME DEFICIENCY (UNEMPLOYMENT)  There is an increasing trend in youth unemployment over the years especially among 20-24 years old . subcontracting. .  Unemployment rate of women has been consistently higher than that of men and even higher than the overall youth unemployment rate.

SUBSTANCE ABUSE Substance abuse is one of the greatest threats that confront our adolescents today. social or economic functioning of the user.  "SUBSTANCE ABUSE" is the term use for the continued use of some substances where the use interferes with the physical. It involves a pattern of pathological use of a substance. . They could be the abusers or they could be the victims of abusers . which results in social or occupational impairment .

 Tolerance.  Taking the substance for a longer of time or in larger amounts than originally intended . . resulting in more frequent use to alleviate the negative symptoms . or needing more and more of a substance to achieve the same effect .SUBSTANCE ABUSE  Addiction or Dependence is defined as a "cluster of three (3) or more symptoms occurring at any time within a twelvemonth period” .  Unsuccessful desire to minimize use of the substance .  Withdrawal. which involves unpleasant symptoms when the body is deprived of the substance.

work and school . . He/she craves the substance until it becomes the most important. more important than family. Psychologically dependent when a person/adolescent thinks that he/she needs the substance to function properly. biggest thing in his/her life. friends.SUBSTANCE ABUSE  There are two faces of dependence or addiction . 1.

diarrhea. nausea. his/her body displays withdrawal symptoms. irritability. tiredness. 2. depression. vomiting. Physically dependent when a person/adolescents body gets used to the presence of the substance such that if he/she did not get the hit. insomnia. . shivering and feels as if something is crawling in his/her skin . like extreme anxiety.SUBSTANCE ABUSE  There are two faces of dependence or addiction .

8 percent of all those aged 15-24 admitted to be currently using dangerous drugs. which is twice the 1. Females are much less likely to be on drugs than males .  Based on the YAFS 3.4 percent level reported in 1994. only 2. .SUBSTANCE ABUSE Substance abuse among our youth has escalated in recent years.

They CRAVE alcohol. tobacco and other prohibited drugs because of . URIOSITY EBELLION AGAINST PARENTS & OTHER AUTHORITY CCEPTANCE AND BELONGING EHICLE FOR RELAXATION & FEELING GOOD SCAPE FROM PROBLEMS OR RELIEF FROM STRESS .UBSTANCE ABUSE  There are six (6) main reasons that young people give for wanting to use and abuse dangerous substance.

where the outcome is uncertain or depends upon chance or skill constitutes gambling . They are people whose gambling has caused growing and continuing problems in any/all aspect of his or her life. it can financially drain and ruin some people . no matter how slight or insignificant.  It is enjoyable entertainment and can provide unparalleled excitement. .EVERAL FORMS OF GAMBLING  Gambling is defined as any betting or wagering. for self or others. to seriously give up on gambling is called compulsive gambler.  A person who cannot control the amount of money he/she loses. whether for money or not.

EVERAL FORMS OF GAMBLING  Compulsive gambling is an emotional problem. A person in the grip of this illness creates mountains of apparently insolvable problems. financial problems are created. compulsive gambling addictions will require diligent effort. legal problems. but they also find themselves facing family/marital problems. Open-mindedness. etc. employment. and Willingness. insidious. Honesty. .  To recover from one of the most baffling. . Of course. These are the key words to recovery.

Inability and Unwillingness to Accept Reality. No great demands were made upon me. There I felt secure and comfortable. A compulsive gambler finds he or she is emotionally comfortable only when "in action". ." . I had a certain sense of security. yet at the same time. Emotional Insecurity. Hence the escape into the dream world of gambling . I knew I was destroying myself. It is not uncommon to hear a a gambler say: "The only place I really felt like I belonged was sitting at the tong-its table.EVERAL FORMS OF GAMBLING  Characteristics of a person who is a compulsive gambler: 1. 2.

Immaturity. and so the struggle to escape responsibility finally became a subconscious obsession . Many gamblers accept the fact that they were unwilling to grow up. A desire to have all the good things in life without any great effort on the part of the gambler seems to be the common character pattern of problem gamblers.EVERAL FORMS OF GAMBLING  Characteristics of a person who is a compulsive gambler: 3. Subconsciously they felt they could avoid mature responsibility by wagering on the turn of a card. .

education is a vital aspect that should be developed among youth. and the challenges and threats of globalization.NOWLEDGE & SKILLS DEFICIENCY  The development of the knowledge and skills of adolescent and youth through education is a concern in development. Particularly in the face of continued poverty and rising unemployment. .

 Limited access to quality education and training . This include the following . • The quality of education has likewise been affected by the inadequacy of classrooms and educational facilities particularly in the urban areas .NOWLEDGE & SKILLS DEFICIENCY  However. • The high cost of education has contributed to a high level of drop-outs particularly from the private sector. . many issues surrounding education in the country still persist.

This include the following . many issues surrounding education in the country still persist. . • Increasing number of OSYs.. • There is a decreasing trend in terms of the number of competent teachers and education professionals . • The needed school materials such as books are also lacking thereby affecting the quality of education.  Limited access to quality education and training .NOWLEDGE & SKILLS DEFICIENCY  However.

. • Limited government funding for education and education-related concerns . This include the following . • Separate diagnostic tests and evaluations on the quality of education in the country have revealed unfavorable results.  Limited access to quality education and training . many issues surrounding education in the country still persist.NOWLEDGE & SKILLS DEFICIENCY  However.

Their spiritual lives has been disillusioned by temporal happiness and contentment such that their values are not anymore reflective of what is right and good but what is socially acceptable and fashionably right.PIRITUAL EMPTINESS  Spirituality is fast becoming an irrelevant issue aspect among youth .  Youth’s journey is slowly becoming a search for material wealth and welfare. .

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