Digital Television

It’s Coming February 17, 2009. Do you know where your programs are?

Digital Television
What Is It?
– A Totally New Television System

Digital Television
What was wrong with the old Analog system?

Digital Television What was wrong with the old Analog system? – 1930’s Technology .

Digital Television What was wrong with the old Analog system? – 1930’s Technology – Black & White .

Digital Television What was wrong with the old Analog system? – 1930’s Technology – Black & White – Monophonic Sound .

Digital Television What was wrong with the old Analog system? – 1930’s Technology – Black & White – Monophonic Sound – Maximum Screen Size: 19 inches .

.Digital Television What was wrong with the old Analog system? – 1930’s Technology – Black & White – Monophonic Sound – Maximum Screen Size: 19 inches – Kluged Retrofits: Still not close to photographic and larger-than-life quality of movies.

Digital Television Why Now? Actually it started in the 1980s .

Digital Television Why Now? Actually it started in the 1980s. – Japanese Developed Analogue High Definition TV & Began Marketing it in the US. .

Digital Television Why Now? Actually it started in the 1980s. – Japanese Developed Analogue High Definition TV & Began Marketing it in the US. – Congress Feared Further Technology & Patent Drain .

. – Congress asked American companies to develop a more/better American System • Offered no government funding but instead enticed with opportunities for patent royalties. • 4 teams of companies entered the competition. • Would conduct “fly-off” of all submitted systems.Digital Television Why Now? Actually it started in the 1980s.

Digital Television Why Now? Then Why Did It Take So Long To Develop? – Broadcasters insisted on being included.e. i. • The Japanese system had required higher bandwidth cable and satellite distribution. the high definition system would have to fit within current licensed stations (6 MHz Bandwidth/Channel). .

i. but three flyoffs over 10 years and found no system satisfactory. – FCC conducted not one. • The Japanese system had required higher bandwidth cable and satellite distribution. the high definition system would have to fit within current licensed stations (6 MHz Bandwidth/Channel).e.Digital Television Why Now? Then Why Did It Take So Long To Develop? – Broadcasters insisted on being included. .

e. . – During the third flyoff. • The Japanese system had required higher bandwidth cable and satellite distribution. but three flyoffs over 10 years and found no system satisfactory.Digital Television Why Now? Then Why Did It Take So Long To Develop? – Broadcasters insisted on being included. one team proposed a digital system which showed promise. – FCC conducted not one. i. the high definition system would have to fit within current licensed stations (6 MHz Bandwidth/Channel).

.Digital Television Why Now? Then Why Did It Take So Long To Develop? – The four competing teams of companies and research institutions were about to drop out of the development: over 10 years of IR&D with no return in sight.

– The FCC suggested that the four teams agree to share patent royalties and combine efforts to use the best of all proposed systems. .Digital Television Why Now? Then Why Did It Take So Long To Develop? – The four competing teams of companies and research institutions were about to drop out of the development: over 10 years of IR&D with no return in sight.

Digital Television Why Now? Then Why Did It Take So Long To Develop? – The four competing teams of companies and research institutions were about to drop out of the development: over 10 years of IR&D with no return in sight. . – The FCC suggested that the four teams agree to share patent royalties and combine efforts to use the best of all proposed systems – This Grand Alliance completed development of the current “ATSC” system in the mid 1990s and the FCC adopted it in 1997.

Digital Television What Is Better About Our New “ATSC” Television System? .

Digital Television What Is Better About Our New “ATSC” Television System? – Needs Fewer Channels .

Digital Television What Is Better About Our New “ATSC” Television System? – – Needs Fewer Channels Versatile Content .

Wide-Screen Like Movies 3. Discrete Surround Sound . Photographic Picture 2.Digital Television What Is Better About Our New “ATSC” Television System? – – – Needs Fewer Channels Versatile Content HDTV Options: 1.

000 for analogue broadcast or 345. Picture Quality • Much Higher Resolution: 1 or 2 million pixels versus 230.Digital Television 1.000 for DVD .

More Saturated Colors • .Digital Television 1.000 for DVD Wider Color Gamut . Picture Quality • Much Higher Resolution: 1 or 2 million pixels versus 230.000 for analogue broadcast or 345.

Picture Quality • Much Higher Resolution: 1 or 2 million pixels versus 230.Many More Hues • • .Digital Television 1.More Saturated Colors Wider Color Gamut .000 for DVD Wider Color Gamut .000 for analogue broadcast or 345.

Digital Television 1. Picture Quality • Much Higher Resolution: 1 or 2 million pixels versus 230.Patterned Versus Pastel Shirts • • • .000 for analogue broadcast or 345.000 for DVD Wider Color Gamut .Many More Hues Better Color Spatial Resolution .More Saturated Colors Wider Color Gamut .

Digital Television 2. X 4 Vert.0 to 1.0 . Wide-Screen Aspect Ratio * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Resolution 4 Hor. = 16 Pixels Aspect Ratio 4:4 or 1.

0 Analogue TV Has Theoretical 640 Hor. X 480 Vert.0 . = 12 Pixels Aspect Ratio 4:3 or 1.33:1.Digital Television 2.33:1. “Academy” Aspect Ratio * * * * * * * * * * * * Resolution 4 Hor. X 3 Vert. = Aspect Ratio 1.

0 – Actual Pixel Counts • 1280 X 720 = ~1 Megapixel. 2.78:1. 2. Refreshed 60 Times/Sec.1.1.66:1.Digital Television 2.85:1.0 – How can HDTV accommodate all these aspect ratios? Take the geometric mean .0 (Edison). 1. .35:1.0.1. • 1920 X 1080 = ~2 Megapixels.0.05:1. Refreshed 30 Times/Sec. Wide Aspect Ratio – Typical Movie Aspect Ratios .0.33:1.

1 Dolby Digital Surround – – Left Front. Subwoofer Also Carries Regular Stereo For TV Speakers . Center Front.Digital Television 3. Right Surround. 5. Left Surround. Right Front.

2009? • Will need a converter box – – – Satellite receiver Cable Box Over-The-Air Box • Picture will still be standard definition on old TV. the sides of the picture will be cut off or 2. everyone will look really thin!) . and will be letterboxed to accommodate wide-screen programs (or else 1.Digital Television What Happens To My Old TVs When Analogue TV Is Turned Off on Feb 17.

http://www. Each household can apply for up to 2 $40. coupons to spend on ATSC digital tuner boxes for analog TVs.gov/dtvcoupon/ .5 B for the program to be administered via the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. 250 major retailers have been approved to sell them.Digital Television The Coupon Progam • Nielson estimates 14. .doc. Congress has allotted $1. More than 1 million households have requested and received coupons so far.$70. = 33.5 Million Coupons. That’s 12% of the nation’s households.ntia.3 million US households rely on • • • • • over-the-air TV. Boxes are expected to sell for $50.

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Must have: – ATSC Tuner .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Must have: – ATSC Tuner – QAM Tuner .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Must have: – ATSC Tuner – QAM Tuner – Pixel Count At Least 1280 X 720 (“720p”) .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Must have: – – – – ATSC Tuner QAM Tuner (Basic Cable) Pixel Count At Least 1280 X 720 (“720p”) Diagonal Size = ~ 1/2 Viewing Distance .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Nice to have: – HDMI Hookup (Still Has Bugs) .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Nice to have: – HDMI Hookup (Still Has Bugs) – Cable Card .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Nice to have: – HDMI Hookup (Still Has Bugs) – Cable Card – Pixel Count: 1920 X 1080 (“1080I” or “1080P”) .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Nice to have: – – – – HDMI Hookup (Still Has Bugs) Cable Card Pixel Count: 1920 X 1080 (“1080I” or “1080P”) 120 Hz Refresh or 60/72 Hz Refresh .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Nice to have: – – – – – HDMI Hookup (Still Has Bugs) Cable Card Pixel Count: 1920 X 1080 (“1080I” or “1080P”) 120 Hz Refresh or 60/72 Hz Refresh 3D Ready .

Digital Television What do I need to know to buy a new HDTV? Nice to have: – – – – – – HDMI Hookup (Still Has Bugs) Cable Card Pixel Count: 1920 X 1080 (“1080I” or “1080P”) 120 Hz Refresh or 60/72 Hz Refresh 3D Ready More Color Ready • Deep Color (10-14 bits/Primary) • xvYCC Extended Color (LED. Laser Illumination) .

only relevant for very bright rooms) .Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .

only relevant for very bright rooms) – Color Accuracy .Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .Do they look natural? .

Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .only relevant for very bright rooms) – Color Accuracy .Do they look natural? – Shadow Detail .

only relevant for very bright rooms) – Color Accuracy .Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .Do they look natural? – Shadow Detail – Instantaneous Contrast .

only relevant for very bright rooms) – Color Accuracy .Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .Do they look natural? – Shadow Detail – Instantaneous Contrast – Motion Persistence? .

Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .only relevant for very bright rooms) – Color Accuracy .Do they look natural? – Shadow Detail – Instantaneous Contrast – Motion Persistence? – Contouring? .

Digital Television What Do I Need To Know To Buy A New TV? How Do I Judge Picture Performance? – Brightness (Red Herring .Do they look natural? – Shadow Detail – Instantaneous Contrast – Motion Persistence? – Contouring? – Off Axis Viewing (Depends on seating).only relevant for very bright rooms) – Color Accuracy . • Brightness Diminishes • Colors Change .

Digital Television
What Type Of HDTV Format Should I Buy?
– Rear Projection - Best Value. • New models are no deeper than Flat Panels on their
stands.

– Front Projection - Best to Suspend Disbelief – Picture Tube – Smaller Size & Heavy, But Extremely Good Picture In Many Ways – Flat Panel – Lifestyle Choice, Lifestyle Cost. Vary Greatly in Picture Quality.

Digital Television
What Type Of HDTV Technology Should I Buy? Alphabet Soup, But You Need to Know: – CRT Front Projectors and Direct View Sets • Analog Picture Resolution • Superb Color Accuracy • Superb Contrast • Superb Blacks • Superb Off Axis Viewing • Limited In Brightness • Lose Brightness With Age • Susceptible to Burn-in • Limited In Size for Direct View • Very Heavy • Hard To Find

Digital Television
What Type Of HDTV Technology Should I Buy? Alphabet Soup, But You Need to Know: – 3LCD Front Projectors and Rear Projection Sets • Digital Picture Resolution - many 1920 X 1080 • Screen Door Effect - Acceptable Pixel Fill • Mediocre Contrast - but gradually improving • Mediocre Blacks - but gradually improving • Mediocre Off Axis Viewing (Rear Projection) • Good Brightness • Brightness Ages Some, but Restores w. New Bulb • Bulb Life 2000 - 4000 Hours. Cost $300. - $400. • Cheapest Projectors and Projection Sets

hence multispeed. New Bulb • Bulb Life 2000 .many 1920 X 1080 • Color Wheel Can Cause Fringing . • Extended Color Gamut with Optional 6 Primary Colors • Screen Door Effect . but Restores w.$400.and keeps improving • Mediocre Off Axis Viewing (Rear Projection) • Good Brightness • Brightness Ages Some. . 3 DLP the Best .Digital Television What Type Of HDTV Technology Should I Buy? Alphabet Soup.and keeps improving • Good Blacks .Very Good Pixel Fill • Good Contrast .4000 Hours. • Wide Range Of Price Performance. Cost $300. But You Need to Know: – DLP Front Projectors and Rear Projection Sets • Digital Picture Resolution .

many 1920 X 1080 • Screen Door Effect .4000 Hours. but Restores w.and keeps improving • Good Blacks .and keeps improving • Mediocre Off Axis Viewing (Rear Projection) • Good Brightness • Brightness Ages Some.Very Good Pixel Fill • Good Contrast . . • Price Competitive with DLP . New Bulb • Bulb Life 2000 . But You Need to Know: – LCOS (D-ILA & SXRD) Front Projectors and Rear Projection Sets • Digital Picture Resolution .Digital Television What Type Of HDTV Technology Should I Buy? Alphabet Soup.$400. Cost $300.

some 1920 X 1080.000 Hour Predicted Life But Will Love Brightness w.Very Good Pixel Fill Good To Great Contrast . Age Susceptible to Burn-In Expensive.Rivals CRT Good Brightness Rich Colors 40. But You Need to Know: – Plasma Flat Panels • Digital Picture Resolution .Digital Television What Type Of HDTV Technology Should I Buy? Alphabet Soup. many 1340 • • • • • • • • • X 768. But Cheaper Than Flat Panel LCD for Large Sizes . Beware 1024 X 768 (43 inch) Screen Door Effect .Rivals CRT Superb Off Axis Viewing .Rivals CRT Good to Great Blacks .

Many 1920 X 1080.Rivals CRT in Cost for Small Screen Sizes and Is Sexier Will Eventually Rule The Mass Market . But You Need to Know: – LCD Flat Panels • Digital Picture Resolution .Brightness and Color Shifts Wide Range of Picture Quality & Prices. Many SD (Smaller) Brightest Display Technology Least Refined Display Technology .But Gradually improving Mediocre Blacks .Digital Grain Screen Door Effect .Digital Television What Type Of HDTV Technology Should I Buy? Alphabet Soup.Acceptable Pixel Fill Mediocre Contrast . Some • • • • • • • • • 1280 X 720. but … Getting Ever Cheaper To Produce . Beware 1080 X 1080.But Gradually Improving Poor Off Axis Viewing .

• During set-up your set will scan for them and store. .Digital Television What Happens When I Get The Set Home? Programming Sources: – Over-The-Air Free: All local stations now have digital channels. Needs a good antenna.

• – During set-up your set will scan for them and store.Digital Television What Happens When I Get The Set Home? Programming Sources: – Over-The-Air Free: All local stations now have digital channels. Time-Warner Cable: Some local digital stations available but not NBC or WB. Needs a good antenna. + Optional HD Cable Network “Tier” + HD Premium Channels Available .

Better Picture Quality . Time-Warner Cable: Some local digital stations available but not NBC or WB. • – During set-up your set will scan for them and store. Rumored Reformatted to 1440 X 1080 Dish Network: More HD Every Week As Cable Networks Convert + 15 original HD networks from Voom.Digital Television What Happens When I Get The Set Home? Programming Sources: – Over-The-Air Free: All local stations now have digital channels. – • • DirectTV: More HD Every Week As Cable Networks Convert. Needs a good antenna. + Optional HD Cable Network “Tier” + HD Premium Channels Available Satellite: No local digital channels available yet.

Digital Television “Cable” Networks In HD – Basic Networks: A&E ESPN2 National Geog. TNT Animal Planet Food Network Science Channel NFL Discovery Golf Channel TBS ESPN HGTV TLC – Premium Networks: Big 10 Cinemax HBO Showtime Starz – HD Only Networks: HDNet HDNet Movies HD News HD Theater Universal HD – Voom HD Only Networks (Dish Network Satellite Only): Animania Gallery Monsters Ultra Equator Gameplay Rave World Cinema Family Room Kung Fu Rush WorldSport Film Fest MHD Treasure .

3 hours of TV Minus Commercials Simple Operation via Firewire from DVR Also Records/Plays Regular Tapes HD Movies Available on D-Theater Tapes for 5 Years – Blu-Ray: Different Dimensions From DVD Require New Factories To Produce Most Discs So Far Are Single Layer 25 Gbytes/Layer Players Sold 2007: 600.000 (Not Including Playstation) Starting Price: $400. .Digital Television Collecting HD Programs – Digital VHS • • • • • • • • • • • Use D-VHS or S-VHS Tape 2 1/2 Hrs HD/Tape .

Digital Television Collecting HD Programs – HD-DVD: Cheaper Players & Discs • • • • • • • • • Discs Have Same Structure As DVDs Discs & Players Are Cheaper To Produce Discs Can Be Produced In Regular DVD Factories Most Discs Are Dual Layer 15 Gbytes/Layer More Interaction Capability. Fully Ramped Up from Start Some Dual Discs: SD & HD on Same Disc Players Sold in 2007: 900. .000 Player Prices Start $150.

– Studios Supporting Only HD-DVD: Bandai Visual DVD International HDNet Interscope Weinstein Dreamworks Dreamworks Animation Image Entertainment Paramount Universal – Studios Supporting Both: Concert Hot Spot HBO Discovery Channel Magnolia New Line Eagle Rock .Digital Television Blue-Laser-Disc Format War – Studios Supporting Only Blu-Ray: Columbia Miramax Screen Gems Tristar Fox MGM Sony Pictures Walt Disney Pictures Lionsgate Pixar Touchstone Warner Bros.

1 Lossy 384 mp3 16 44.200.000 7.000 5.1 Lossy 750 CD 16 44. 24 44.100 2 None 1500 Dolby Digital True HD 24 96.000 7.5.1 Lossless As Needed DVD-Audio 24 96.100 2 Lossy 60-180 dts 16.100-96.1 Lossless As Needed SACD 1 2.1 Lossless 9216 Video Formats: Sample Size (Bits) Sample Rate (Samples/Second) # Channels Compression Data Rate (Kilobits/Second) .000 5.1 5.100 2 Lossy 40-60 Dolby Digital 16 44.1 None 9216 dts Master Audio 24 96.Digital Television Digital Audio Formats Audio Formats: Sample Size (Bits) Sample Rate (Samples/Second) # Channels Compression Data Rate (Kilobits/Second) Satellite & HD Radio 16 44.000 2 .

Digital Television Home Theater Questions? .

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