Problem 6: Modal + Verb word
Remember that a
is used with a
is the dictionary form of the verb.Verb words are very important in many patterns, but they are used most often with modals.Smodalverb wordTheymightvisitusAvoid using an infinitive or an -
form instead of a verb word after a modal
After you show me the way, I can go by myself.
Problem 7: Logical conclusion – Events in the past.
is a modal.
followed by the verb word
and a participle expresses alogical conclusion based on evidence. The conclusion is about an event that happened in the past.Remember that an observation in the present may serve as the basis for a conclusion aboutsomething that happened in the past.
“here is a message on my desk”It may be concluded that “my friend must have called last night”Smust haveparticiplepast timeMy friendmust havecalledlast nightAvoid using
Avoid using a verb word instead of
and a participlewhen referring to events in the past.
The streets are wet; it must have rained last night.
Problem 8: Logical conclusions – Events in the present
is a modal.
form or an adjective expresses alogical conclusion based on evidence. The conclusion is about an event that is happening now.Smust be
present tenseMy friendmust becallingnowSmust beadjectivepresent timeHemust beupsetnow
: The line is busy; someone must be using the telephone now.