DISASTER MANAGEMENT KTVR KPET3
The purpose of counter disaster planning is to anticipate future situations andrequirements, thus ensuring the application of effective and coordinatedcountermeasures.
Counter Disaster Plan Levels
Counter Disaster Plans have to be made at various levels namelyNational LevelState Level/Intermediate LevelLocal Level/Community Level
Most countries like India have national development to a series of time-period planslike our five year plans.In the five year plans, many nations include disaster aspects in their planning cycles.There is also importance on environmental protection in
today’s national plans.
Therefore, since many disaster events are environmentally related, there is a strong casefor linking disaster and the environment where national planning is concerned.For many countries like India, it is not usually practicable to manage disasters directlyfrom a national level in a very large country because of distance and other factors. Inthis case, the plan which applies to the national level is likely to be broadly concernedwith coordination, mobilization, and deployment of national resources, requests forinternational assistance, and so on, rather than detailed management action.
In most cases, the plan at intermediate government level will fall into one or two broadcategories.
If the national plan is the main action plan
(i.e., for a small country), the plan atintermediate level will tend to be more concerned with local implementation measuresrather than major decision making. The intermediate plan will therefore tend to be asmaller projection of the national plan.
If, alternatively, the intermediate level plan constitutes the main action plan
, (for a largecountry like ours), the plan will obviously need to be more comprehensive andautonomous. This will particularly apply to aspects such as warning, informationmanagement, decision making and control, and coordination capability.
At community or local level, plans obviously tend to cover a range of detailedcountermeasures. The plan should outline the co-ordination of various existing services(e.g., police, fire brigade, ambulance service, etc) and facilitation of the participation ofNGOs, and community members,