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Postparturient hypomagnesemia, Grass tetany,

Postparturient hypomagnesemia, Grass tetany,

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Postparturient hypomagnesemia, Grass staggers, lactation tetatny
Ali Sadiek Assiut
Postparturient hypomagnesemia, Grass staggers, lactation tetatny
Ali Sadiek Assiut

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04/04/2013

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Hypomagnesemia Tetany,Hypomagnesemia Tetany,Lactation tetany, Grass tetany,Lactation tetany, Grass tetany,Grass Staggers, Wheat Pasture PoisoningGrass Staggers, Wheat Pasture Poisoning
It is a complex metabolic disturbance ch. by dropof serum and CSF
Mg
which lead tohyperesthesia, muscular spasms, convulsions,respiratory distress, collapse, and death.
Occurrence and animal susceptibility
Adult lactating cows are most susceptible due tothe loss of Mg in milk. It is rare in non lactatingcattle but has occurred when undernourishedcattle were introduced to green cereal crops.It occurs mainly when animals are grazed onlush grass pastures or green cereal crops, butcan occur in lactating beef cows fed silageindoors.
 
 
Magnesium functionsMagnesium functions
1- Intracellular function:,
Mg
is a major component in many enzymatic reactionswithin the cell (> 300 enzymes require
Mg
for activation(.Without
Mg
, biochemical reactions within the cell wouldcease and death would occur.2-
Extracellular function:,
 
Mg
is essential for muscle function, nerve cellconduction, and bone formation.Although around 70% of the
Mg
in the body is containedin the bone, this
Mg
is not very available to the animal intimes of 
Mg
deficiency.Therefore, it is essential cows receive supplemental
Mg
 in the diet when faced with a deficiency
 
 
EtiologyEtiology
I- Sharp decrease in serum Mg
and
Ca deficiency may play a role.
It occurs after a decrease in serum Mg,when absorption of dietary Mg isunable to meet the requirements for maintenance (3 mg/kg body wt) andlactation (120 mg/kg milk).
 
Mg
 
def. occurs in high lact. cow raisedonpastures rich in K & Nitro. fertilizers.
Mgabsorption from the rumen may bereduced when K and nitrogen intakesare high and Na and P intakes are low.

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