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Worksheet of Equilibrium

Worksheet of Equilibrium

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Published by HARIYANTO
My name is Hariyanto, the chemistry teacher od SMA Negeri 3 Malang-East Java-Indonesia wrote worksheet of equilibrium based on adapted-curriculum (National and International). It can be used at school with international standard (RSBI)
My name is Hariyanto, the chemistry teacher od SMA Negeri 3 Malang-East Java-Indonesia wrote worksheet of equilibrium based on adapted-curriculum (National and International). It can be used at school with international standard (RSBI)

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Published by: HARIYANTO on May 29, 2009
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11/10/2010

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WORKSHEET 1
ST
 
EQUILIBRIUM
Drs. HARIYANTOPublic Senior High School 3 MalangJl.Sultan Agung Utara 7 Malang Phone (0341) 324768e-mail :harry0501light@yahoo.com  blog :http://hariyantobhawikarsu.wordpress.com 
REVERSIBLE REACTION
Based on the products of reaction can or not react to produce the ractants, chemical reaction isclassified into reversible and irreversible. What is reversible reaction? Or what is irreversible reaction?Please do the following acticity!
Apparatus and matterial
No Apparatus /materialsize Quantity
1 Beaker glass 50 mL 2 pieces2 Graduated cylinder 10 mL 2 pieces3 Pipets - 2 pieces4 Stirring rods - 2 pieces5 Petri dish - 1 pieces6 Copper(II)sulfate - 2 grams7 Aqueous Sodium iodide 1 M 20 mL8 Aqueous Sodium sulfate 1 M 20 mL9 Wash bottle - 110 Aquadest - 50 mL
Procedure
1.
 
Place 1 gram of PbSO
4
into beaker glass. Pour 10 mL of aqueous NaI 1 M, and drop by pipetinto beaker glass and stir this mixture. Observe and write all the changes2.
 
Decantate that solution from the beaker glass, and wash the precitipation with aquadest.3.
 
Move a half of precitipation to other beaker glass. Drop carefully the aqueous Na
2
SO
4
1 M about10 mL and stir this mixture. Observe the color changes of this precitipation and compare thecolors in the both beaker glass and write your observation.
ObservationMatterial The changes ( ie :color)
PbSO
4
+ NaI ………………………………………………………………………………Precitipation I + Na
2
SO
4
………………………………………………………………………………
Questions
The chemical equations of the experiment above are written in the following equations:I. PbSO
4
(aq) + 2 NaI (aq) PbI
2
(s) + Na
2
SO
4
(aq)II. PbI
2
(s) + Na
2
SO
4
(aq) PbSO
4
(aq) + 2 NaI (aq)
 
No Questions Answers
1 How is the relation between reaction I and II?………………………………………..
ACTIVITY 1
 
2 Are the products of reaction I react to producethe reactants? ………………………………………..3 That reaction is called the reversible reaction, sowhat is the reversible reaction? ………………………………………..4 The opposite of reversible is irreversible, sowhat is irreversible reaction? ………………………………………..
THE ANALOGY OF DYNAMICEQUILIBRIUM
Before we define the terms of equilibrium and dynamic equilibrium,please do the following activity.
Apparatus and matterial
No Apparatus/matterial Size Quantity
1 Test tube rack - 1 pieces2 The test tube 2 pieces (identic)3 Pipe - 2 pieces (differentdiameter)4 The color liquid (KMnO
4
) 10 mL5 Petri dish - 1 buah
ProcedureTUBE A TUBE B
KMnO
4
EMPTY
1.
 
Fill the tube A 10 mL of aqueous KMnO
4
. Place the pipe 1 into the tube A2.
 
Place the glass pipe 2 into the tube B that is no any solutions.3.
 
By using the pipe 1 move the solution in the tube A to the tube B. And move the solution in tubeB into tube A by using the pipe 2 until the volume of the solutions in the both tubes are constant.
Observation and the analogies.
If the tube A is analogized as reactants, and the tube B is products. The volume of solution isanalogized as concentration of substances, complete the following table!
No Experiments Analogy in equilibrium
1
The initial Volume :a.
 
tube A is full ofsolutionb.
 
tube B is no solutionsThe initial concentration :a.
 
the concentration ofreactants :…………………………………………………………………b.
 
the concentration of
 
- TUBE A AND B ARE IDENTIC- DIAMETER PIPE 1 > PIPE 2
PIPE 2
PIPE 1
ACTIVITY 2
 
products :…………………………………………………………………
2
The Volume of solution whenthe solution is moveda.
 
The solution in tube Amoves to tube B, and inthe same time thesolution in tube B movesto tube B continuously.b.
 
The Volume of solutiosin tube A and tube B1)
 
The volume ofsolution intube A is
decreasing 
tube B is
increasing.
 2) When the equilibriumis reached, thevolume of solutionsin he both tube areconstantConcentration of substances whenreaction is processinga.
 
The process of reactions i……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………b.
 
The concentration ofreactant and product :1) the initialconcentration ofReactants…………………………………Products ……………………………………2)When the equilibrium isreached, concentrationof reactants andproducts are……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Questions
 
No
Questions
 Answers
1
The changes of ractants to products (theforward reaction) or the products to reactants(the reverse reaction),a.
 
Occurs in the same time or not? b.
 
Occurs continuously or not?c.
 
The rate of the forward reaction andthe reverse reaction are equal or not?
………………………………………..………………………………………..………………………………………..2
How is the changes of concentration of reactants or products when the equilibrium isreached?
………………………………………..………………………………………..3
If the answers of questions no 1, 2, and 3 arethe characterictic of the dynamic equilibrium,define the dynamic equilibrium, please!
………………………………………..4
The equilibrium reaction symbolized by twodirections ( ), please write theequilibrium equation between reactants (R)and Products (P)
………………………………………..
CONCLUSION
Based on the activity 1 and 2, please conclude the definition of reversible reaction,irreversible reaction, equilibrium, and dynamic equilibrium

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