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Iteration,algebra revision notes from A-level Maths TutorRatings: (0)|Views: 1,773|Likes: 5

Published by A-level Maths Tutor

Repeatedly solving an equation to obtain a result using the result from the previous calculation, is called 'iteration'.The types of iteration examined here with worked examples:direct/fixed point iteration, bisection method,the Newton-Raphson iterative method.

Repeatedly solving an equation to obtain a result using the result from the previous calculation, is called 'iteration'.The types of iteration examined here with worked examples:direct/fixed point iteration, bisection method,the Newton-Raphson iterative method.

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/19068200/Iteration-algebra-revision-notes-from-A-level-Maths-Tutor

05/11/2014

text

original

Algebra

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Algebra : Iteration

IntroductionRepeatedly solving an equation to obtain a result using the result from the previouscalculation, is called '

iteration

'. The procedure is used in mathematics to give a moreaccurate answer when the original data is only approximate.Problems usually involve finding the root of an equation when only an approximate value isgiven for where the curve crosses an axis.Direct/Fixed Point Iterationmethod:1. rearrange the given equation to make the highest power of

x

the subject2. find the power root of each side, leaving

x

on its own on the left3. the LHS

x

becomes

x

n+1

4. the RHS

x

becomes

x

n

The equation is now in its iterative form.We start by working out

x

2

from the given value

x

1

.

x

3

is worked out using the value

x

2

in the equation.

x

4

is worked out using the value

x

3

and so on.

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Algebra

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

ExampleFind correct to 3 d.p. a root of the equation

f(

x

)

= x

3

- 2

x

+ 3given that there is a solution near

x

= -2

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Algebra

Pure Maths

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Iteration by Bisectionmethod:1. reduce the interval where the root lies into two equal parts2. decide in which part the solution resides3. repeat the process until a consistent answer is achieved for the degree of accuracyrequiredExampleFind correct to 3 d.p. a root of the equation

f(

x

) = 2

x

2

- 2

x

+ 7given that there is a solution near

x

= -2

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

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