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Experiment 12

# Experiment 12

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Venturi Meter
Venturi Meter

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05/09/2013

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ME 310 Fluid Mechanics
Experiment 12 – The Venturi Meter, The Determination of Discharge from a Pipe______________________________________________________
This experiment is designed to help you understand the measurement of discharge from apipe and the effect of viscosity on pressure loss.
Objective:

To calculate Q and
at a number of head pressures.

To draw a relationship between these properties and head pressure.
Reference:
Sections 8-6 through 8-11 in Intro. to Fluid Mechanics; Fox, McDonald, andPritchard; 6
th
edition.
Description of the Apparatus:
The apparatus consist of a flow bench that allows water flow to the venture meter. Insidethe flow bench is weighing tank connected to one end of a lever arm. The end of the leverarm protrudes from the side of the flow bench so that the amount of weight on this end of the lever arm may be adjusted (as shown in Figure 12.2). The purpose of the lever arm isto measure the actual mass flow rate of water flowing through the measuring devices.When using the hydraulic bench, placing weight on the lever arm closes the trip valve of the inner tank. When water entering the tank is sufficiently heavy enough tocounterbalance the weight on the arm, the arm will rise and the trip valve will open.Dividing the mass of water contained in the tank by the amount of time it takes for theinternal tank to fill will yield the actual mass flow rate. Since the adjustable weight end of the lever arm has a three-to-one advantage over the water tank end, the mass of the waterin the tank will equal three times the mass added to the lever arm. The weight of thehanger is accounted for in the design of the equipment; therefore, do not add the weightof the hanger to weights placed on the hanger.Figure 12.1 Venturi Meter and Hydraulic Bench.12.1

Figure 12.2 Hydraulic Bench.Figure 12.3 Venturi Meter.12.2Inner Tank Lever ArmWater SulInner Tank Outer Tank Flow MeasurementAaratus ExitPump Exit – To FlowMeasurementTri ValveMeasured WaterMain Tank ValveWeiht

Figure 12.4 Diagram of Venturi Meter (all distances in mm)Table 12.1ManometerTube #Diameterof CrossSection(mm)DistanceFrom Inlet(mm)A(1)BCD(2)EFGHJKL26.0023.2018.4016.0016.8018.4720.1621.8422.5325.2426.00020324661769110612113615612.3
A B C D E F GH J K L
7822 2234 3754526782102