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Maths D (Normal Track) Year 9 (3 YEARS)

# Maths D (Normal Track) Year 9 (3 YEARS)

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Published by: Yenny Tiga on Dec 29, 2009

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12/17/2013

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SCHEME OF WORK FOR SPN-21 (MATHEMATICS) YEAR 9 NORMAL TRACK (2 + 3)
Content coverageScope and DevelopmentSuggested ActivitiesResources
1.ALGEBRA 3( 5 weeks)
1.1Factorisation of Quadratic Trinomials
)(
2
cbxax
++
Review factorisation by finding the highestcommon factors, grouping and difference of twosquares.
Introduce factorisation of
ax
2
+ b x + c
where
a
= 1.
Proceed to cases where
a
1.
Writing the
x
-term as two terms, then performfactorisation by grouping e.g.
)3(1)3(2362352
22
++=+=+
x x x x x x x x
)3)(12(
+=
x x
.
Extend the concept to factorisation of
ax
2
+ b x y + cy
2.
.
Extend to situations where a < 1 (e.g. 8 + 2
x
-3
x
2
)Write a few algebraicexpressions and arrangethem according to the typeof factorisation they belongto.Guide the students torecognise the pattern of quadratic trinomials.Show some expansionse.g. (
x
+3)(
x
+2) =
x
2
+ 5
x
+ 6(
x
-3)(
x
-2) =
x
2
– 5
x
+6(
x
+3)(
x
-2) =
x
2
+
x
– 6(
x
-3)(
x
+2) =
x
2
x
– 6Use the idea that expansionis the reverse of factorisation and guide thestudents to observe someimportant patterns. Trial and Error with CrossMultiplication is a morepowerful method.For more able students, weshould encourage them to just write down the result of factorisation by inspection.
SPN-21 (Interim Stage) Year 9 Normal Track (2 + 3) Page 1 of 25

Content coverageScope and DevelopmentSuggested ActivitiesResources
1.2 CombinedFactorisation
Discuss the method of doing combinedfactorisationse.g. 4
y
2
36 ; 2
x
2
+ 6
x
- 20 Train the students to bealert to see whether a givenexpression can befactorised first by taking outthe common factor.
SPN-21 (Interim Stage) Year 9 Normal Track (2 + 3) Page 2 of 25

1.3 QuadraticEquations(a) Solving byFactorisation(b) Solving by TakingSquare Root
Explain that if
0
=×
ba
, then either
a
= 0 or
b
=0.
Apply the concept to solve quadratic equationsa
x
2
+ b
x

= 0 and a
x
2
+ b
x
+ c =0 byfactorisation.
Extend to cases of
a
x +
b
)
2
= c

where
c

is not aperfect square.
Show that a quadratic equation of the form
0222
=
b xa
can be solved by factorisation e. g.
049
2
=
x
gives
0)23)(23(
=+
x x
,
32
=
x
or
32
=
x
or by taking square root on both sides.eg
049
2
=
x
gives
49
2
=
x
then
.3294
±=±=
x
Show that the product of two factors being zeromeans that one of thefactors must be zero is thereasoning behind themethod of solution byfactorisation.Emphasise that there arealways two solutions forquadratic equation withspecial situations where theroots are repeated.Summarise the key steps:1. Make one side of theequationto become ‘ 0 ‘2. Factorise the equation3. Equate each factor to 0andsolve the two linearequationsSummarise the differentsituations involvingquadratic expression (e.g
x
2
-3
x
– 4) and quadraticequation (e.g.
x
2
–3
x
– 4 =0). The final answer for
2
–3
x
4 is (
x
–4)(
x
+1) whereasthe final answers for
x
2
-3
x
– 4 = 0 are
x
= –1 or 4

Show the students thegraph of
y = x
2
−4x +3
and that the solutions of the quadratic equation
x
2
− 4x + 3 =
0 are thevalues of
x
where thegraph intersects the
x
SPN-21 (Interim Stage) Year 9 Normal Track (2 + 3) Page 3 of 25

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