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Human Machine Interface

Human Machine Interface

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Published by ibrahimkhleifat

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Published by: ibrahimkhleifat on Feb 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Human Machine Interface
Human Machine Interface aim at a better Human-machine interaction. Anyautomation system is said to be blind without HMI. HMI gives the ability to theoperator, and the management to view the plant in real time. Add to that the ability tohave alarm management that can warn the operator of a problem. It cam even log and print all the alarms in real time, which can help the management to improve the production and efficiency.Today there exists many Human Machine Interface softwares that could be used tomonitor, supervise and control process. What we are presenting here is just anoverview of what could be achieved with most of these softwares.So what are the main functionalities of an HMI. Well the HMI's main functionality isto monitor, supervise, and control processes. This could be used in a variety of industries such as food processing, sawmills, botteling, semiconductors, oil and gas,automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, transportation, utilities, anmore. HMI software provides the process knowledge and control needed to perfectthe products companies make and the processes they manage. It is said that a controlwithout an HMI is a blind control.Human Machine Interface can display texts, pictures, bar graphs, bitmap andanimated pictures. More importantly it can also display System messages, reports,alarms, trends and manipulate string values and calculate boolean operations andmore complex math operations. This flexibility reduces the task that the PLCMore and more manufacturing designers are recognizing the benefits of using HumanMachine Interface to control and to operate their controls.
Typical Applications
Machine monitoring and controlSupervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)Control Center Monitoring, Tracking, and ControlBuilding Automation and SecurityElectrical Substation MonitoringPipeline Monitoring and ControlTransportation Control SystemsBatch Process Monitoring and ControlContinuous Process Monitoring and ControlHeating, Ventilation, and Air ConditioningStatistical Process Control (SPC)TelecommunicationsDiscrete Manufacturing and more...
Representation of a plant in real time.Trending (Real-time / Historical)Alarms (Real-time / Historical)SPC (Statistical Process Control)
RecipesReportsLop EventsHistorical Data Logging and BrowsingSQL Server 2000, Oracle, Sybase, ODBC support Networking and RedundancyMath and LogicPassword protection and more...
Wonderware (Intouch)Plantscape (Honeywell)FactoryLink Panel mate (Cuttler Hammer)RSView (Rockwell Automation) and more...WinCC HMI Siemens
Human-machine interface
Jun 1, 2007 12:00 PM
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The machine designer must be very intimate with the actual operationof the machine from an end-user's perspective. At the end of the day, it's an operator who runs the machine day-in, day-out — not the engineer who designed it. Thedesigner needs to have insight into the mind of the end-user in order to develop amachine and an interface that truly meets the demand for highest value. All too oftenthe end-user is forced to try to recreate the thought process of the designer.
Roy • GE Fanuc:
HMI systems can take many forms, from dedicated panel devicesto higher-level PCs running Windows and HMI software. On PC/Windows platforms, basic HMI functionality may be augmented with high-level analytics and dataacquisition, features more often thought of as SCADA (supervisory control and dataacquisition). In the more general case, where the HMI functions as the machinecontroller and operator interface, the emphasis is more focused on running machinesmore effectively, measuring performance, and managing downtime more efficiently.The greater the role of the HMI, the more important it is to select one with a highdegree of scalability — one that provides operator controls and connectivity tosupervisory systems. In motion applications, HMIs must also be able to respondquickly to commands as well as unanticipated situations requiring complexmaneuvers.To maximize productivity, HMIs should display information in the context of themachine state. It's not the job of an operator to navigate to the correct screen at thecorrect time; it's the job of the HMI to react to machine conditions (the machinecontext) and deliver displays appropriate for the current state.Today's HMIs must also deliver a wealth of information, from operation manuals totroubleshooting guides. They should not only run, but also help maintain a machine.They should track downtime history and capture reason codes, and take responsibilityfor the lifecycle of the equipment.
Eyal • Unitronics:
From the operator's point of view, the HMI is the communicationfocal point, the “ear and mouth” of the machine, accepting commands and directionswhile displaying processes, values, results, errors, and other status messages. Thiscalls for an intelligent interface with built-in diagnostic qualities and immediateaccess to real-time information required to troubleshoot common machine problems.From a PLC hardware perspective, this means having access to internal registers and program variables.The right HMI implementation provides not only built-in diagnostics — eliminatingthe need for external testing equipment during troubleshooting — but also increasesthe operator's overall productivity:
It may replace most printed documents, providing online help, operation“wizards,” and even tutorials

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