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PCA TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS - Two-Way Slabs

# PCA TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS - Two-Way Slabs

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PCA TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS - Two-Way Slabs
PCA TIME SAVING DESIGN AIDS - Two-Way Slabs

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05/03/2013

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IIIMMMEEESSSAAAVVVIIINNNGGG
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IIIDDDSSS

Two-Way Slabs
Portland Cement Association
Page 1 of 7
The following example illustrates thedesign methods presented in the article“Timesaving Design Aids for ReinforcedConcrete, Part 2: Two-way Slabs,” byDavid A. Fanella, which appeared in theOctober 2001 edition of
StructuralEngineer
magazine. Unless otherwisenoted, all referenced table, figure, andequation numbers are from that article.
Example Building
Below is a partial plan of a typical floor in acast-in-place reinforced concrete building. Inthis example, an interior strip of a flatplate floor system is designed and detailedfor the effects of gravity loads accordingto ACI 318-99.
20
-0
20
-0
20
-0

2   4
′
-   0
″
2   4
′
-   0
″

20
x 20
(typ.)24
x 24
(typ.)
D  e  s   i  g  n  s   t  r   i  p

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Two-Way Slabs
Portland Cement Association
Page 2 of 7
Design Data
Materials

Concrete: normal weight (150 pcf), ¾-in. maximum aggregate, f
c
= 4,000 psi

Mild reinforcing steel: Grade 60 (f
y

Minimum Slab Thickness
Longest clear span
l
n
= 24 – (20/12) =22.33 ftFrom Fig. 1, minimum thickness h per ACITable 9.5(c) =
l
n
/30 = 8.9 in.Use Fig. 2 to determine h based on shearrequirements at edge column assuming a9 in. slab:
w
u
= 1.4(112.5 + 30) + 1.7(50) = 284.5 psf
A = 24 x [(20 + 1.67)/2] = 260 ft
2
A/c
12
= 260/1.67
2
= 93.6From Fig. 2, d/c
1

0.39d = 0.39 x 20 = 7.80 in.h = 7.80 + 1.25 = 9.05 in.Try preliminary h = 9.0 in.
Design for Flexure
Use Fig. 3 to determine if the Direct DesignMethod of ACI Sect. 13.6 can be utilized tocompute the bending moments due to thegravity loads:

3 continuous spans in one direction,more than 3 in the other O.K.

Rectangular panels with long-to-shortspan ratio = 24/20 = 1.2 < 2 O.K.

Successive span lengths in eachdirection are equal O.K.

No offset columns O.K.

L/D = 50/(112.5 + 30) = 0.35 < 2 O.K.

Slab system has no beams N.A.Since all requirements are satisfied, theDirect Design Method can be used.

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Two-Way Slabs
Portland Cement Association
Page 3 of 7
Total panel moment M
o
in end span:kipsft82  81678485 8wM
2no
...
=××==
ll
Total panel moment M
o
in interior span:kipsft77  808485 8wM
2no
...
=××==
ll
For simplicity, use M
o
= 282.2 ft-kips for allspans.Division of the total panel moment M
o
intonegative and positive moments, and thencolumn and middle strip moments, involvesthe direct application of the momentcoefficients in Table 1.End Spans Int. SpanlabMoments(ft-kips)Ext. neg. Positive Int. neg. PositiveTotalMoment73.4 146.7 197.5 98.8ColumnStrip73.4 87.5 149.6 59.3MiddleStrip0 59.3 48.0 39.5
Note: All negative moments are at face of support.