In our project we are going to study about the operation of different equipments insubstation. It includes study of transmission lines, bus bars, circuit breakers, isolators,earth switches, various types of transformers such as power transformer, capacitor voltage transformer, current transformers, lightning arresters, wave traps and groundingsystem of substation. We will also discuss about the various protection scheme applied inthe substation for this equipments.The protection system is designed to limit the effects of disturbances in power system, which when allowed persisting, may damage the substation and interrupt thesupply of electrical energy. It covers various types of protection used in substation for 220/132/33 KV transmission lines such as bus bar protection relays, auto reclosingschemes, etc.,
The present day electrical power system is AC i.e., electric power is generated,transmitted and distributed in the form of alternating current. The electric power is produced at the power stations which are located at favourable places, generally quiteaway from the consumers. It is delivered to the consumers through a large network of transmission and distribution. At many places in the line of the power, it may be desirableand necessary to change some characteristics of power supply. This is accomplished bysuitable apparatus called Substation.Generating voltage at the power station is stepped upto high voltage for transmission of electric power. The assembly of apparatus used for this purpose is thesubstation. Similarly,near the consumers localities, the voltage may have to be steppeddown to utilization level. This job is again accomplished by a suitable apparatus calledsubstation. The type of equipment needed in the substation will depend upon the servicerequirement.