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TYPES OF TELECOM NETWORK

TYPES OF TELECOM NETWORK

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Published by: salim1321 on May 22, 2010
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10/03/2010

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 TYPES OF TELECOMNETWORK 
Submitted to
Ms. RASHMI ISHRAWAT
 
(FACULTY, MBA)Submitted by
MUHAMMAD SALIM07217003909MBA-1
ST
SEMESTER 
 
Network can broadly be classified into two types:
local-areanetworks
(LANs) and
wide-area networks
.
LAN - Local Area Network 
A local area network (LAN)
 
supplies networking capability to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building,a school, or a home. A LAN is useful for sharing resources like files, printers, games or other applications. A LAN in turn often connects toother LANs, and to the Internet or other WAN.
 
Most local area networks are built with relatively inexpensive hardwaresuch asEthernetcables, network adapters, and hubs. Wireless LAN andother more advanced LAN hardware options also exist.Specialized operating system software may be used to configure a localarea network. For example, most flavors of Microsoft Windows providea software package calledInternet Connection Sharing (ICS)thatsupports controlled access to LAN resources.The term
LAN party
refers to a multiplayer gaming event where participants bring their own computers and build a temporary LAN.
 
Examples:
The most common type of local area network is an EthernetLAN. The smallest home LAN can have exactly two computers; a largeLAN can accommodate many thousands of computers. Many LANs aredivided into logical groups called subnets. An Internet Protocol (IP)"Class A" LAN can in theory accommodate more than 16 milliondevices organized into subnets.
WAN - Wide Area Network Definition:
A
WAN
spans a large geographic area, such as a state, province or country. WANs often connect multiple smaller networks,such as local area networks (LANs) or metro area networks (MANs). Asthe term implies, a
WAN 
spans a large physical distance. The Internet isthe largest WAN, spanning the Earth.A WAN is a geographically-dispersed collection of LANs. A network device called arouter connects LANs to a WAN. In IP networking, therouter maintains both a LAN address and a WAN address.

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