Citizens and Citizenship
•The concept of citizenship has a long history. Nation states assume a loyalcitizenship or subjects as the basis for their viability.•Greek citizenship is often identified as the earliest form of citizenship but itwas accorded to a fraction of those who lived in Athens and had property,were male and white – only 20% of the population•The modern concept is based on universal recognition of common equality of humanity but still assumes exclusions along territorial boundaries, etc•It is embedded in the Lockean idea that the relationships between the peopleand their government should be consensual and contractual•This modern concept of citizenship also has its roots in the French revolutionand the peoples’ demands for liberty, equality, and fraternity•Citizenship rights and responsibilities derive from such considerations as birth, naturalizations, etc•Who is a citizen? Who should be a citizen? Should that change in amulticultural environment with increased migration?•What is the value of citizenship: for individuals (passport?), for community?