On the footsteps of Lajja Gauri
in the ancient kingdoms of the Near East.
During the Uruk period (4500-3100 bc), the influence of the Mesopotamian civilization spreadsin the various cultures developed in the Near East and Caspian sea area : From Anatolia to theNile valley, from the Caspian sea to the Balutchistan plateau, from the Persian gulf to theMediterranean shores and islands.
The “Civilization of the goddess” brings together the various settlements
in the worship of theGreat mother.At Uruk, the fertility cult is existant. The worshippers venerate the goddess of love : Inanna,daughter of the moon god Nanna and the great lady Ningal.
3000 bc.Bristish museum. Inanna’s token : a bundle of reeds.
At Ur, the Fertility cult becomes dominant from 3100 bc. to
Sargon of Akkad’s reign, in 2270
bc., who extends an empire on all the Near East with Akkad for capital.Inanna becomes Ishtar with the Akkadians, venerated by the daughter of Sargon the Great,Enheduanna, great priestess of the Fertility cult, whose hymns are the exaltation of love andintercourse.
Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature .
The “prostitution temples” devoted to the goddess I
nanna, are animated by the priestesses whomanage the religious rites. The female sex, source of the life, is worshipped with an obsessionalveneration as bear witness the artistic representations of the period.The pubic area is represented out of proportion and until the pots, looking like the female body,are decorated with female sex and handles figuring the breasts.