Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
PDF Operators, With Code Specific for Level 3

PDF Operators, With Code Specific for Level 3

Ratings:
(0)
|Views: 14|Likes:
Published by toyota952

More info:

Published by: toyota952 on May 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/27/2011

pdf

text

original

 
Copyright
 © 
Autek Industri A/S
Principles ofSteering Geometry
 
Page 2 
Table of Contents
Conditions for correct measurement of wheel angles.....................................3Accuracy.........................................................................................................4Run Out Compensation...................................................................................4Convincing the Customer................................................................................56 important facts about wheel alignment........................................................54-Wheel Alignment as a Service Offer............................................................6Influence of the chassis measurement on the wheel angles..........................7Slip angle........................................................................................................8Tyre rolling resistance has a major effect on fuel consumption.......................9Common causes of tyre wear.......................................................................10The Toe Angles..............................................................................................11Alignment of Toe............................................................................................12Turning Angle. Toe Out on Turns....................................................................13Camber Angle...............................................................................................15Caster Angle.................................................................................................16King Pin Inclination - KPI...............................................................................17Slip radius.....................................................................................................18Steering Linkage Height................................................................................19Additional angles......................................................................................20-21
AUTEK INDUSTRI A/SHammerholmen 48 DK-2650 HvidovreTlf.: +45 3677 1444Fax.: +45 36770891
http://www.OPTO-PLUS.come-mail:autek@image.dk
 
Page 3 
Conditions for correctmeasurement of wheel angles
It is important to eliminate the different sources of inaccuracy in the measurement of thewheel angles.
Before measuring 
1.The lift shall be level including the turntables and roller plates. A difference left/right of5mm on the level of a typical vehicle gives a fault of 10' on the Camber value.2.For the same reason the tyre pattern shall have the same height on all 4 wheels, andof course the tyres shall be of the same type.3.Tyre pressure shall be correct and the loading of the vehicle according to manufac-turer specifications.4.Turntables and roller plates shall move easily and freely to avoid that the suspensionis blocked.5.Check that the rims are undamaged and meet the specifications from the manufac-turer.6.Check ball joints and bearings for play. Check for broken springs, worn bushings andimproper shock absorbers.7.Check that the suspension height is correct and that the steering gear is correctlymounted.8.In case the measured values are severely out of tolerance look for chassis damage.Before performing Wheel Alignment all mechanical faults should be corrected.
During measurement 
1.Perform run-out compensation carefully.2.Bump the vehicle.Correct Toe and Camber values are measured with the front wheels in straight aheadposition.Before Printout the front wheels shall be in straight ahead position and the measuring unitsin level.
Norm for measuring Wheel Angles 
In 1992, a German norm was established, the DIN 70028. This norm specifies the measur-ing conditions and the data for the wheel angles that must be provided, and the norm hasalso been translated into a draft for an ISO/TC norm.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->