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Report of Fluent Simulation of Aerofoil NACA 4412

Report of Fluent Simulation of Aerofoil NACA 4412

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: احمد عبد المحمود on Jul 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/08/2013

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مرا نرا  م
 
University of KhartoumFaculty of engineeringMechanical engineering department
Msc Renewable EnergyNumerical Techniques
Prepared by:1.
 
Ahmed Abd Almahmoud Ahmed Yassin2.
 
Abubaker Mohammed Ahmed ElbashirRabi alawal 1432February 2011
 
Abstract
The complex commercial computational fluid dynamics software fluentoffers a convenient way to model fluid dynamics problems. This studyinvolved two dimensional aerofoil NACA 4412.The purpose was to reproduce published or experimental data for NACA4412 in the subsonic flow regimes in order to become familiar with fluent, andto establish a verified solution method. We use k-
ɛ
turbulence models werecomputed and compared with published or experimental data. For all of thecases considered, the comparisons showed excellent agreement among theresults, with the predicted section lift coefficients being within 10% of themeasured values.
 
1.
 
Introduction
Advances in computing technology and software haverevolutionized the design process of engineering vehicles such as aircraftand automobiles. In the area of fluid dynamics, there are manycommercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) packages available formodeling flow in or around objects. The first step in modeling a probleminvolves the creation of geometry and meshes with a preprocessor.gambit is a program that can be employed to produce models in two andthree dimensions, using structured or unstructuredMeshes, which can consist of a variety of elements, such as quadrilateral,triangular or tetrahedral elements. Once a grid has been developed, asolver, such as, multi-physics FEMLAB and FLUENT, is employed tosolve the governing equations of the problem. In this investigation fluentwas employed, which uses a finite volume scheme to solve the continuity,momentum and energy equations with the associated boundaryconditions.The purpose of this investigation was to become familiar with gambit andfluent, develop a solution method and verify it with published data forvarious two dimensional aerofoil, in subsonic flow simulation involvedthe NACA 4412. The computed solutions were presented, and wereshown to compare very well with published data, with the differencebetween the predicted and experimental section lift coefficients.
2.
 
Computational Case Studies:
Flow regime Aerofoil Mach numberAttack angle
α
 
Flow model
Subsonic NACA 4412 0.169 0
k-
ɛ
 turbulencemodels
 2468101214161820
We take Renolds number from experimental data Re = 30000.Re = U D/ 
 ν
. (
 ν
= 15.68*10
-6
D = 4*2/1000. U = (30000*15.68*10-6 )/0.008 = 58.8 m/s.M = U/c. c =
(T*R*
γ
) =
(300*287*1.4) = 347 m/s.
M = 58.8/347 = 0.169Mach Number = 0.169.
 

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