Advances in computing technology and software haverevolutionized the design process of engineering vehicles such as aircraftand automobiles. In the area of fluid dynamics, there are manycommercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) packages available formodeling flow in or around objects. The first step in modeling a probleminvolves the creation of geometry and meshes with a preprocessor.gambit is a program that can be employed to produce models in two andthree dimensions, using structured or unstructuredMeshes, which can consist of a variety of elements, such as quadrilateral,triangular or tetrahedral elements. Once a grid has been developed, asolver, such as, multi-physics FEMLAB and FLUENT, is employed tosolve the governing equations of the problem. In this investigation fluentwas employed, which uses a finite volume scheme to solve the continuity,momentum and energy equations with the associated boundaryconditions.The purpose of this investigation was to become familiar with gambit andfluent, develop a solution method and verify it with published data forvarious two dimensional aerofoil, in subsonic flow simulation involvedthe NACA 4412. The computed solutions were presented, and wereshown to compare very well with published data, with the differencebetween the predicted and experimental section lift coefficients.
Computational Case Studies:
Flow regime Aerofoil Mach numberAttack angle
Subsonic NACA 4412 0.169 0
We take Renolds number from experimental data Re = 30000.Re = U D/
D = 4*2/1000. U = (30000*15.68*10-6 )/0.008 = 58.8 m/s.M = U/c. c =
(300*287*1.4) = 347 m/s.
M = 58.8/347 = 0.169Mach Number = 0.169.