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EASWARI ENGINEERING COLLEGE / DEPARTMENT OF ECE EC 2305: Transmission Lines and Wave Guides-Question Bank UNIT-I/ PART – A S.No Question 1. For a symmetrical network, define propagation constant and characteristic impedance. 2. What are the advantages of m-derived filters? 3. A constant-K T-section high pass filter has a cutoff frequency of 10 KHz. The design impedance is 600 ohms. Determine the value of L. 4. What are the advantages of m-derived filters? 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. If Zoc =1000Ω and Zsc =360Ω, determine the Zo of the symmetrical network. What are the disadvantages of constant-k prototype filter section? Find L and C of a low pass T section constant-k filter having a cutoff frequency of 1.8KHz and load of 500ohms. What are the demerits of constant k filters? Design a prototype low pass filter T section of design impedance Ro =500Ω and cutoff frequency fc=2000Hz Compare constant K and m-derived filters. Determine the value of C required by a prototype high pass T-section filter having a cutoff frequency of 1KHz to work into a 600ohms load resistance. Draw a simple High-pass filter section and give the values of circuit elements. Draw a simple Band-pass filter network and give the values of circuit elements. What are called cut-off frequencies in the design of filters? What is constant-K filters? What are the properties of band elimination filter? How the resonant frequency is chosen in the m-derived high pass filters? What is constant-k network? How to obtain constant-k high pass filter? Define characteristics impedance of a network. Define constant-k filters. Why constant K filters are also known as prototype filters? Define cutoff frequency A T section low pass filter has series inductance of 80mH and shunt capacitance of 0.022 µF. Determine the cutoff frequency and the nominal impedance. What are called constants K filters and what are the demerits? What are the characteristics of an ideal filter? Why m-derived filter of L-sections are used as terminations of composite filters? What are the merits of m derived filters? Define neper. What is its relation with Decibels? UNIT-I/ PART – B
Exam M-11 M-11 N-10 N-10 N-09 N-09 M-09 M-09 N-08 N-08 M-08 M-08 N-07 N-07 M-07 M-07 M-07 M-07 N-06 N-06 M-06 M-06 N-05 N-05 M-05 M-05 N-04 N-04 M-04 M-04
Question Exam Derive the relevant equations of m-derived low pass filter and design m-derived M-11 T type low pass filter to work into load of 500Ω with cut off frequency at 4 KHz and Peak attenuation at 4.15 KHz.
M- Apr/ May; N- Nov/ Dec
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Develop expression for the circuit elements used in the series and shunt arms of the filter. 14. (ii)Determine the cutoff frequency for the low-pass filter shown in fig. (i)Draw and explain the operation of constant-K T-section band elimination M-09 filter with necessary expressions and also present the design equations. (ii) In a constant-K T-section band pass filter. The frequency of infinite attenuation is f=1. Derive the equation of resonance.com . (i)Explain the design of a low-pass filter using a typical cut-off frequency desired and the load resistance to be supplied.T-section band elimination filter and explain the operation with necessary design equations. M-09 (ii)Design an m-derived π-section high pass filter with a cutoff frequency (fc) of 5 KHz and frequency of infinite attenuation at 1. Discuss the characteristics impedance of symmetrical networks and filter N-09 fundamentals. (ii)What do you mean by composite filter? Discuss its construction.5H. Design a “constant-K low pass filter” and illustrate with a diagram for variation of α and β with frequency for the low-pass section. the ratio of capacitances in the shunt and series arm is 100:1 and resonant frequency of both the arms is 1000Hz.Apr/ May. The N-09 filter is to be terminated in 500Ω resistance. The series arm Z. Design a low pass filter M-11 with cut off at 2600 Hz to match 550Ω. (i) Outline the steps involved in the design of composite high pass filter. (ii)Draw a constant K. 11. Write design equations Design and derived m-derived low-pass filter with relevant diagrams.www. 7. M. (ii)Draw and explain the operation of crystal filters. It is to have a cutoff frequency of 100Hz with high attenuation at 1065Hz and 1250Hz.of a filter consists of a 0.4.Assume design impedance of 600ohms.5µF capacitor in series with an N-08 inductor of 0. 10. Design a composite low pass filter to meet the following specifications.If Ro =500Ω.determine the elements in the shunt arm and the manner in which they MAY be connected. 9. 13. N-07 N-07 M-07 4 16 16 8 Page 2 of 18 www. (i)Design a constant K. 8.Vidyarthiplus. design and characteristics briefly (i)With a neat diagram explain the operation of a constant-K band pass filter.25fc. 5. Design impedance is 500ohms and m=0. N.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 S. 6. Question Exam Explain the structure and application of crystal filter.Find the bandwidth of the filter.25fc.T-section band pass filter with cutoff frequencies of 1 N-10 KHz and 4 KHz. Use one derived section with infinite attenuation at 2850Hz. 15. (i)Design a m-derived high pass filter (both T and sections) with a cut off M-08 frequency of 10KHz. 3. What is m derived filter? Derive the relevant equation of m derived low pass N-08 filter. Find the frequency of resonance fo and pass band.No 2. 4. Consider a T-section. The design impedance is 600 ohms.Vidyarthiplus. (i)Design a m-derived T-section low pass filter having a cutoff frequency of N-10 5000 Hz and a design impedance of 600 ohms.Nov/ Dec Marks 16 8 8 8 8 16 16 10 6 8 8 16 4 10 6 M-08 12 12. (ii)Draw a constant-K(T-section) band elimination filter.
(i)Derive the design equation of constant K Band pass filter.5uf Question L2 1 80/2mH 2 Exam Marks 8 16. N.4. (ii) Explain the characteristics of symmetrical networks while connecting like elements in it.No L1 1 80/2mH 2 C1 0.2KHz.The frequency of resonance of both the arm is 1000Hz. M -05 Design a composite LPF to meet the following specifications: fc =2000Hz. M-05 N-04 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 16 23. (i)Explain with diagram the manner of variation of Zo (characteristic impedance) M-06 over the pass band for the T and π networks. =frequency of infinite attenuation. =2050Hz.design M-06 impedance of 400Ω and the resonant frequency of 1100Hz.Nov/ Dec 8 8 4 2 10 25. 18.calculate the B.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 S. 24. (iii)Design the elements of a low pass ‘T’ filter with termination 500ohms and cutoff frequency 1000Hz.com .16µF each. design impedance of 5Ω and m=0. (ii)Find the characteristics impedance of the symmetrical T network is the series arm impedance is 10+j30 and shunt arm impedance is 50-j100.8KHz and 5. 2KHz to operate with a terminated load resistance of 500Ω Discuss the theory of band elimination filter for both T and π configurations and N-06 also plot the variation of reactance with respect to frequency.W of the filter. (ii)Design an m-derived high pass filter with a cut-off frequency of 10 KHz. 22. Fig.Apr/ May. Ro=500ohms.www. (i)Design a low pass filter (both π and T-sections)having a cutoff frequency of M-06 2KHz to operate with a terminated load resistance of 500Ω. (ii)Design a m derived LPF for fc =1kHz. 20.Vidyarthiplus. 17. Design a low pass filter (both and T-sections) having a cutoff frequency of N-06 16 16 8 19. (i)Design a m-derived low-pass filter having cutoff frequency of 1KHz. 21. =1050Hz and R=600ohms (i)Determine the characteristics impedance of symmetrical T network. What is the value of nominal impedance in the pass band. (i)Design a Band pass filter to operate into input and output resistance of 100Ω N -05 and have a pass band between 4. M-04 8 Page 3 of 18 www. (i)Derive the m derived T network from prototype T network. the ratio of the shunt arm capacitance to the total series arm capacitance is 100:1. Ro=Design impedance Use T section. (ii)In a constant-K band pass filter. (ii)A π-section filter network consist of a series arm inductance of 10mH and two shunt arm capacitances of 0. Where fc=the cut-off frequency . Calculate the cut-off frequency and attenuation and phase shift at 12 KHz. (ii)Design a high pass filter having a cutoff frequency of 1 KHz with a load resistance of 600Ω.Vidyarthiplus. M.
What is the relationship between characteristics impedance and propagation constant? 6. Calculate the characteristic impedance of a transmission line if the following measurements have been made on the line Zoc = 550 ∠ -60 ° Ω and Zsc = 500 ∠30 °Ω. State the condition for distortion less line.www. Find the reflection coefficient of a 50Ω transmission line when it is terminated by a load impedance of 60+j40 Ω. Write the expressions for the phase constant and velocity of propagation for telephone cable.Apr/ May.062 µf/km and L = 1 mH/km. Find the attenuation and phase shift constant of a wave propagating along the line whose propagation constant is 1.1 Ω/km. Exam M-04 26. 12. 11. Calculate the reflection loss in dB. How much inductive loading is required to make a 16-gauge cable distortion less? The line parameters are R = 42.5 µ mho.No. 26. Explain insertion loss.Vidyarthiplus. 16. 17. Define reflection loss. What is propagation constant? Which are its two components? 10. G = 1. 24. What is meant by inductance loading of telephone cables? 9. Cut-off =2050Hz Load frequency fc =2 kHz. Marks 8 16 UNIT-II/ PART – A Sl. Calculate the load reflection coefficient of a perfectly matched line with no reflection from load. What is meant by distortion less line? 7. N. Define delay distortion. A transmission lie has Zo = 745∠-12˚ Ω and is terminated in ZR = 100 Ω. What are the important parameters of a Transmission Line? 23. What is frequency distortion? 18. 20.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 M-11 N-10 N-10 M-10 M-10 N-09 N-09 M-09 M-09 N-08 N-08 M-08 M-08 N 07 N 07 M 07 M 07 N-06 N-06 Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Page 4 of 18 www.Vidyarthiplus. 5. 21. 14.8° 13. Define phase distortion. List the various types of transmission lines used in practice. 3. C = 0. 4.No Question Design a low pass composite filter for the following specifications. Write the expression for the characteristic impedance and propagation constant for a M.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 S. What is reflection factor? 25. Question 1. 8.Use T section to develop the n composite filter. Briefly discuss the difference between wavelength and period of a sine wave. How can distortion be reduced in a transmission line? 2. Frequency of infinite attenuation impedance Rk =500Ω. 19. Define Attenuation and phase constant.048x10-4 ∠88. 15. Define characteristic impedance of a transmission line. 22. Define propagation constant of a transmission line.com .
com . Derive the expression for voltage and current at any on a transmission line in terms of receiving end voltage and current.(8) (ii) Write a short note on reflection factor and reflection loss. Derive an expression for the input impedance of a transmission line.001H/km. (i) Discuss the reflection Coefficient of different types of transmission lines. 1 KHz supplies power to a 100 Km open wire line terminated in 200 Ω resistance. Determine R and L. The line parameters are R= 10 Ohms/Km. 3. Es=1.(10) (ii)The constants of a transmission line are R=6ohms/km.determine the current the middle of the line 7. (a) Derive Campbell’s equation. 10.8mH/Km. (ii)Derive the conditions required for a distortion less line.0366+j0.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 Marks 16 M-11 16 N-10 8 N-10 8 6 10 M-10 8 8 8 M-10 8 N-09 10 6 N-09 8 8 8 M-09 8 M-09 8 Page 5 of 18 www.L.(8) 9.054(0. Zg =40Ω and terminated by a load of 20+j50Ω.β=1rad/m and Zo =60+j40Ω. Determine the characteristic impedance and propagation constant at 100Hz.Vidyarthiplus. G = 1 x 10-6 mho/Km.Vidyarthiplus. Define reflection coefficient and reflection loss. At this frequency the propagation constant is 0. 5. (i)A transmission line has the following per unit length parameters : L = 0. Determine the characteristic impedance. L=3. If the line is connected to a source of 10 ∠0o. (b) A line has R= 100 Ω/km. R = 5 ohms.0085 µF/Km. L= 0.005x 10-6 F/km and G=0.C=0. C= 300 pF and G= 0.99. (6) 8. and is 2meter long. Define wavelength of a transmission line? How is it related to the phase velocity? Extra UNIT-II/ PART – B Sl.Apr/ May. (ii)A transmission line operating at 106 rad/s has α=8dB/m. 2. N. (ii) Explain the reflection on lines not terminated in characteristic impedance with phasor diagrams. power and transmission efficiency. C= 0. M.www.25x10-6 mho/km. (i) Derive expressions for the attenuation and phase constants of a transmission line in terms of the line constants R. Question 1. and C=0. 27.5 X 10-6 mho/km.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 line of zero dissipation. (i) The characteristic impedance of a uniform transmission line is 2309.L=202mH/km. 4.C and G and explain the significance of reflection coefficient and insertion loss. propagation constant for f=1000 Hz. (i) Derive the expression for the input impedance of a lossless line(8) (ii) Draw the L-type equivalent circuit model of a two-conductor transmission line and derive the transmission line equations 6.00835 µf/km.01 mho.0 volts and length=100km. Hence obtain the input impedance for a lossless line.No. reflection coefficient.6 ohms at a frequency of 800 MHz. A generator of 1V. Derive the equation of attenuation constant and phase constants of transmission lines in terms of line constants R.L.1 µH. Calculate the impedance. Calculate the propagation constant and characteristic impedance at 500 MHz. G=1.G and C.
13.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl.75 µ mho/km and C= 0. L=1mH and G=1µmho. G.2°Ω. L. Exam Marks 8 N-08 N-08 16 8 8 M-08 8 8 M-08 8 8 N-07 8 8 N-07 8 8 M-07 8 8 M-07 8 M. shunt conductance (Gmho/m) and capacitance between conductors (C F/m).Nov/ Dec Page 6 of 18 www.75 Ω/km. α = 0. phase constant (β) and velocity of signal transmission (v) for the uniformly loaded cable. velocity of propagation and wavelength.com . (b) A 2 meter long transmission line with characteristic impedance of 60 + j40 Ω is operating at (ω) 106 rad/sec has attenuation constant of 0. β=1. (b) A cable has the following parameters: R=48.www.04 Np/m. Find the characteristic impedance. 17.56 pF/m). C=15µf. G=1 µ mho/km and C=0. 1KHz supplies power to a 100 km transmission line terminated in a 200Ω resistance.59x10-3 Ω/m). series inductance (L H/m). Series resistance (R = 2.8 mH/km. N. (a) Derive the expression for the input impedance of a transmission line. propagation constant and wavelength for a source of f=1600 Hz and Es=1. (b) Derive the expression for transfer impedance of a Transmission Line.09 mH/km. Calculate attenuation and phase constant for the loaded line (a) Discuss in detail about Inductance loading of Telephone cables and derive the attenuation constant (α).059 µf/km.0 volts (a) A cable has been uniformly loaded by an inductance such that wl>>R.(α Np/m). G=38.Vidyarthiplus. 15.5X10-6 Np/m and the phase shift constant is 174X10-6rad/m at 5KHz. series inductance (L = 2 µH/m).5 rad/m.No. 14. 12.Apr/ May. 16.Vidyarthiplus. assuming leakage conductance to be nil. 11.921 Np/m and phase shift constant of 0 rad/m. (a) A parallel-wire transmission line is having the following line parameters at 5 KHz. 18. Question (b) A generator of 1V. Calculate the input impedance and reflection coefficient Derive the general transmission line equations for voltage and current at any point on a line (a) Write a brief note on frequency and phase distortions.0085 µf/km. (b) A transmission line has the following parameters per km R=15Ω. deduce an expression for attenuation and phase constant without neglecting R. Find the line parameters series resistance (R Ω/m). If the line is terminated by a load0 of 20 + j50 Ω. L=3. shunt conductance (G = 0Ω/m) and capacitance between conductors (C = 5. (b) Explain in detail about the reflection on a line not terminated in its characteristic impedance (Z0). attenuation constant. C per meter and the phase velocity on the line. Determine the characteristic impedance. The line parameters are R= 10 Ω/km.Calculate the line parameters R. Find the additional inductance to give distortion less transmission. L=1. the attenuation constant is 74. phase shift constant (β rad/m). (a) Explain in detail about the Waveform distortion and also derive the condition for distortion less line. (a) A transmission line operating at 500 MHz has Z0 = 80Ω. Determine the input impedance of this line. (b) The characteristic impedance of a 805m-long transmission line is 94 ∠23.
21. 9. Give the applications of an eighth wave line. Determine the characteristic impedance.67mH/km. L= 3. and C=0.No. Calculate the attenuation constant. If the reflection co-efficient of a line is 0.0 ohms. (a) Obtain the general solution of a transmission line. Give the minimum and maximum value of SWR and reflection coefficient. Express standing wave ratio in terms of reflection coefficient. 22. velocity and wavelength of the line at 1000Hz. 14. Find the resistance. Distinguish between series stub and shunt stub.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 M-11 N-10 N-10 M-10 M-10 N-09 N-09 M-09 M-09 N-08 N-08 M-08 N-07 N-07 M-07 Page 7 of 18 www. Why is the Quarter wave line called as copper insulator? 13. Mention the application of a quarter wave line. calculate the standing wave ratio. propagation constant and sending end current for f=1000 Hz. 23. Prove that a finite line terminated in Zo behaves like an infinite line.008 µf/km. Derive the input impedance of open and short circuited dissipation less line. 24. 19. Determine the reflection coefficient. Question (b) A distortion less transmission line has attenuation constant (α) 1.8X 10-6 mho/km. inductance and capacitance per meter of the line. Es=1. 6. 16. 4. For a Transmission Line terminated in Zo. 7.Determine the standing wave ration if the receiving end impedance is (650-j475)ohms. (b) A telephone cable 64km long has a resistance of 13 Ω/km and a capacitance of 0. 10. G=0.15X10-3 Np/m and capacitance of 0. (a) Discuss the two types of waveform distortion on a transmission line and obtain the condition for distortion less line. What is the value of Zo for the dissipation less line? 11. A lossless line has a characteristic impedance of 400 ohms.com . (b) A line has R= 10.0 volts and length=100km. Write the procedure to find the impedance from the given admittance using smith chart. Find the VSWR and reflection coefficient of a perfectly matched line with no M.Vidyarthiplus. Distinguish between single stub matching and double stub matching.00835 µf/km.Vidyarthiplus.Apr/ May.No. Derive the relationship between Zoc & Zsc Exam Marks 8 N-06 8 8 N-06 8 8 Extra Extra Extra Extra UNIT-III/ PART – A Sl. A low loss line has a characteristics impedance of 400ohms.4 Ω/km. 5. Question 1. 20.3 ∠-66°. 12. 3. 2. The characteristic resistance √(L/C) = 50Ω.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl. Illustrate with suitable diagrams the variation of the input impedance as a function of length. What are the applications of the quarter-wave line? 15.1 nF/m. Determine the standing wave ratio if the receiving end impedance is 800+j 0.www. N. A 50 Ω line is terminated in load ZR = 90 + j60 Ω. Write the expressions for the input impedance of open and short circuited dissipation less line.Zsc (ii) tanhγl=√Zsc/Zoc. 8. prove that (i) Zo-√Zoc.
20. If U= 0. find the reflection coefficient. What are the applications of smith chart? 26. (ii) It is required to match a 200 ohms load to a 300 ohms transmission line to reduce the SWR along the line to 1. 18.wave matching section and the value of characteristic impedance of the matching section? 28. standing wave ration(S) and the input impedance. 3.6C on the line. Explain the technique of single stub matching and discuss operation of quarter wave transformer. Γ. List the parameters of open wire line at high frequencies. Name few applications of half-wave line.www.Vidyarthiplus. Question Exam M-07 N-06 N-06 Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra Extra reflection from load? 17. The standing wave is 3. Question 1.Vidyarthiplus.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 M-11 Marks 16 16 N-10 8 4 N-10 4 8 8 M-10 8 8 M-10 12 Page 8 of 18 www. (i) Discuss the operation of a quarter wave line and illustrate its applications. Define standing wave ratio. List the parameters of coaxial wire line at high frequencies. (i) Draw and explain the principle of double stub matching. What are small and zero dissipation lines? 21. (i) Draw and explain the operation of a quarter wave line. Derive the relationship between standing wave ratio and reflection coefficient? 30. Explain the applications of smith chart.5(0.5). 24. Why short circuited stub is preferred to open circuited stub? 27. N.No. What are the advantages of double stub matching over single stub matching? 29.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl.3. 19. What must be the characteristic impedance of the quarter wave transformer used for this purpose if it is directly connected to the load? (iii)What are the drawbacks of single stub matching and open circuited stubs? 4.The first voltage minimum is located at 15cm from the load. Calculate the length and position of the stub to match the line.Calculate the wavelength and terminating impedance 6. What are standing waves? Define node & antinodes. (i) A load having an impedance of (450-j600) ohms at 10MHz is connected to a 300ohms line. 23.866+j 0. Calculate the position and length of a short M. A 30m long lossless transmission line with Zo = 50Ω operating at 2 MHz is terminated with a load ZL = 60+j40 Ω. Why do standing waves exist on transmission lines? 25. The operating frequency is 200 MHz. What is the need for stub matching in transmission lines? UNIT-III/ PART – B Sl. 2.com . (ii) A UHF lossless transmission line working at 1 GHz is connected to an unmatched line producing a voltage reflection coefficient of 0. 22. 5. (ii) A lossless line in air having a characteristic impedance of 300ohms is terminated by unknown impedance . What is the application of quarter. Design a quarter wave transformer to match a load of 200 Ω to a source resistance of 500Ω.No.Apr/ May.
given that the line is 3. Measurements indicate that the standing wave minima are 102 cm apart and that the last minimum is 35 cm from the load end of the line. load admittance and input impedance at the generator using smith chart. Find the characteristic impedance of the quarter wave transformer. Design a shortcircuited stub to provide matching between the two at a signal frequency of 30 MHz using smith chart. (b) A transmission line is terminated in ZL.No. (b) A 70 Ω lossless line is used at a frequency where wavelength (λ) equals 80 cm terminated by a load of (140+j91)Ω. 13. N. The value of standing wave ratio is 2. VSWR. Calculate the stub length and its distance from the load corresponding to the frequency of 30 MHz using SMITH chart. A 75 Ω lossless transmission line is to be matched with a 100-j80 Ω load using SINGLE stub.com Exam Marks 4 N-09 8 N-09 8 8 8 8 M-09 M-09 8 8 8 N-08 8 8 N-08 16 M-08 8 8 M-08 16 N-07 8 8 N-07 8 8 Page 9 of 18 M.Nov/ Dec . A 75 Ω lossless transmission line is to be matched to a resistive load impedance of ZL = 100 Ω via a quarter-wave section. Find the reflection Coefficient .www.Apr/ May. A 50 Ω lossless feeder line is to be matched to an antenna with ZL= (75j20) Ω at 100 MHz using Single Shorted stub. 16. 10. Calculate the stub length and distance between the antenna and stub using smith chart. 8. (ii) Show that the incident and reflected waves combine to produce a standing wave. (b) Determine the length and location of a single short-circuited stub to produce impedance match on a transmission line with R0 of 600 Ω and terminated in 1800 www. Question circuited stub to match this load to the line using Smith chart.Use the smith chart top find voltage reflection coefficient. 15. Find the Reflection coefficient. (ii) What are the drawbacks of single stub matching? Briefly discuss how it is overcome by double stub matching. 9.Vidyarthiplus. input impedance of the line. (i)A 100+j50Ω is connected to a 75Ω lossless line. 12. (b)A 50 Ω lossless transmission line is terminated in a load impedance of ZL= (25+j50) Ω.Vidyarthiplus. 7. (b) A load (50-j100) Ω is connected across a 50Ω line.4 and R0 = 250 Ω. Determine wavelength and load impedance. (i)Deduce the expression for constant – S circle for the dissipation less line and explain. 14. (a) Explain the procedure for double stub matching on a transmission line with an example. (a)What is Quarter-wave line? Discuss its application. VSWR and input admittance using SMITH chart.3 λ long and input admittance of the line. 11. (ii)Explain the realization of quarter wave transformer. Define standing wave ratio and obtain the expression of VSWR in terms of reflection Coefficient. (i)Discuss double stub matching.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl. (a) Obtain the expression for the length and location of a short-circuited stub for impedance matching on a transmission line. (b) Derive the input impedance of a quarter wave line and discuss its applications.
3. 17. M-07 8 16 N-06 8 8 N-06 8 8 EXTRA EXTRA UNIT-IV/ PART – A Sl. (a) Explain single stub matching on a transmission line and derive the expressions for the location and the length of the stub used for matching on a line.No.35λ lengths. (a) Derive the expression for the input impedance of the dissipation less line and thus obtain the expression for the input impedance of a quarterwave line. The electric field in free space is given by E= 50 cos[108t +βx] ay V/m. For a frequency of 6 GHz and plane separation of 3 cm.5 and the volt minimum exists 0. Use smith chart. 2. Find the following using SMITH chart (i) VSWR (ii) Reflection coefficient (iii) input impedance at a distance of 0. Give the examples of guided waves. find the group and phase velocities for the dominant mode.1 λ from the load (iv) input admittance at 0.1 λ from the load (v) position of first voltage minimum and maximum from the load. Find the reflection coefficient. Question 1. (a) Discuss the application of Quarter-wave line in impedance matching and copper insulators. 18.8 with a voltage minimum 0.Vidyarthiplus.www. 22. Question Exam M-07 Marks 8 Ω. (b) The transmission line has standing wave ratio S = 2. (b) A 30 m long lossless transmission line with characteristic impedance (Z0) of 50Ω is terminated by a load impedance (ZL)= 60+j40 Ω.Vidyarthiplus. Find the required lengths of the short-circuited stubs using SMITH chart.12 λ from the antenna terminals.No. A DOUBLE-stub tuner spaced an eighth of a wave length apart is used to match the load to the line. A 50 Ω transmission line is connected to a load impedance (ZL) = 60+j80Ω. (a) Discuss the applications of Smith chart with suitable illustrations. Find the direction of propagation and β. The operating frequency is 300MHz. 19. 4.15λ from the load. Exam M-11 N-10 N-07 N-10 M-10 M.Apr/ May. (b) An antenna as a load on a transmission line produces a standing wave ratio of 2.Nov/ Dec Page 10 of 18 www. A transmission line has a characteristic impedance of 300 Ω and terminated in a load ZL =150+j150Ω. reflection factor and reflection loss at the antenna if R0 = 300 Ω for the line. 20. Standing Wave Ratio and input impedance using SMITH chart. Find the load and input impedance for a line of 0. 21. Define the cutoff frequency for the guided waves. Find the antenna impedance. Also discuss the application of quarter-wave line. The operating wavelength is 90m. (b) Design a single stub match for a load of 150+j225 Ω for a 75Ω line at 500 MHz using SMITH chart. N.com .com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl.
Draw the field patterns for the TE10 /TM10/TEM wave/mode in a parallel plate guide. Exam M-10 M-07 N-09 N-09 M-09 N-07 N-06 M-09 N-08 N-08 M-08 M-08 M-07 N-06 EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA UNIT-IV/ PART – B Sl. 23. 25. What is Principal wave? 13. Define wave impedance. What is the relationship between group velocity and phase velocity? Give the expression that relates phase velocity [VP]. 17. Can a TM0 mode propagate in a parallel plate guide? Why? 26. Write the expression for the attenuation constant for TE/TM/TEM waves in parallel plate guide. (i) Explain the transmission of TE waves between parallel perfectly conducting planes with necessary expressions for the field components. Enumerate the properties of TEM waves between parallel planes of perfect conductors. 3. Write the expression for the wave of TE and TM waves between parallel planes. N. (ii) A TEM wave at 1 MHz propagates in the region between conducting planes which is filled with dielectric material of µr =1 and εr = 2.Vidyarthiplus. M. Define energy transport velocity of a wave. Find the phase constant and characteristic wave impedance.www. 8.No. 16. Why is TE10 mode is the lowest order TE mode? 19. 14.com . Define TE and TM waves/ E and H waves. 21. Give the expression for the cutoff wavelength and propagation constant of TE waves between parallel planes.Apr/ May.Vidyarthiplus. What is meant by dominant mode? 22. Question 1. Plot the frequency Vs Wave impedance curve for the waves between parallel conducting planes. 12. What are the characteristics of TEM wave? What are the characteristics of principal wave? 9. Plot the frequency versus attenuation characteristic curve of TM and TE waves guided between parallel conducting plates.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl. Discuss in detail guided waves between parallel planes with neat diagram. Question 5. group velocity [Vg] and free space velocity [C]. (i) Explain the reasons for the attenuation of TE and TM waves between parallel planes with necessary expressions and diagrams. 11. 2. What is the cut-off frequency of TEM wave? 15. 24. 6.No. Write the expression for the wave impedance for TE/TM/TEM waves in parallel plate guide. 10. 7. 18. Define the terms phase velocity and group velocity. What are TEM waves? 20. Write Maxwell’s equations in point form.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 N-10 Marks 16 12 4 N-10 10 Page 11 of 18 www. Write the boundary conditions for TE/TM waves between parallel planes.
[b] For a frequency of 6 GHz and plane separation = 7 cm. (b) Describe the Velocity of propagation of wave between a pair of perfectly conducting plates. propagating in Z direction. (a)Discuss the characteristics of TE. For TM10 mode determine the cut-off frequency and cut-off wavelength.Nov/ Dec . [b] A pair of perfectly conducting planes is separated by 3 cm in air and carries a 10 GHz signal in TM1 mode.Vidyarthiplus. propagating in Z direction. (b) A parallel perfectly conducting planes are separated by 5 cm in air and carries a 10 GHz signal in TM11 mode. TM and TEM waves between parallel conducting planes. 14.com Exam Marks 6 8 8 8 8 16 16 12 M-10 M-10 N-09 N-09 M-09 4 M-09 10 6 N-08 12 4 N-08 8 8 M-08 M-07 10 6 M-08 M-07 16 10 N-07 10 6 Page 12 of 18 M. 7. (ii) Discuss wave impedance in detail.Vidyarthiplus. (b) A pair of perfectly conducting planes is separated by 3. 6. 9. [a] Derive the expressions for the field components of TM waves between parallel conducting plates.Apr/ May. TM and TEM waves between parallel conducting planes. (i)Distinguish between the characteristics of TE and TM waves. The planes are separated in X direction by ”a” meter.(16) Discuss the transmission of TM waves between parallel perfectly conducting planes with necessary expression for the field components. 11. (a)Obtain the solution of field components of TE waves between parallel plates. N.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl. 5. (b) For a frequency of 10GHz and plane separation of 5 cm in air. Derive the field expressions for the field strengths for Transverse Electric Waves between a pair of parallel perfectly conducting planes of infinite extent in the ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ directions. find the cut-off wavelength. cut-off wavelength. 12. Discuss the properties of TEM waves. 10. 13.www. [a] Discuss the characteristics of TE. if the operating frequency is 5 GHz (a)Derive the expressions for the field components of TEM waves between parallel conducting planes. Question (ii) Write brief note on the manner of wave travel and their velocities between parallel planes. Find the cut-off frequency. And also derive the cutoff frequency and phase velocity from the propagation constant.No. Find the cut-off frequency. Discuss the attenuation of TE and TM waves between parallel planes with necessary expression and diagram.6 cm in air. phase velocity and group velocity of the wave (a)Derive the components of Electric and Magnetic field strength between a pair of parallel perfectly conducting planes of infinite extent in the ’Y’ and ‘Z’ directions. and cut-off wavelength. find the following for the TE10 mode (1) cut off frequency (2) Phase and Group velocity www. (ii)Derive the expression for the field components for TM waves between parallel planes. And also derive the cutoff frequency and phase velocity from the propagation constant. 4. The planes are separated in ‘X’ direction by ‘a’ meter. (i)Derive the expression for the field components of TEM waves. 8. Phase constant.
N. Determine the guide wavelength for TE10 mode. [b] For a frequency of 5 GHz and plane separation of 8 cm in air. A waveguide has an internal breadth ‘a’ of 3cm and carries the dominant mode of a signal of unknown wavelength. Define cutoff wavelength. Question 1. Find (1) the cut-off frequency (fc). For a frequency of 500 MHz with TM10 mode excited.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 N-10 M-10 M-10 N-09 N-09 M-09 M-09 N-08 M-07 N-08 Page 13 of 18 www. 17.01cm has a 9. (2) Phase constant. find the cut-off frequency. Question 15. 21. Derive the expressions for the field strength for TE Waves between parallel plates (parallel to XY plane) propagating in Z direction.5cm and ‘b’ = 1. How is the TE10 mode launched or initiated in rectangular wave guide using an open ended coaxial cable? 10. Exam N-07 Marks 10 6 M-07 8 M-07 N-06 6 12 4 N-06 8 8 NEW NEW UNIT-V/ PART – A :: RECTANGULAR WAVEGUIDES Sl. Derive the wave impedance for TE waves between parallel planes. Derive expression for attenuation factor for TEM/TE/TM waves in parallel plate guides. A rectangular air filled copper waveguide with dimension of a=2. 19. 3. Calculate the cut-off frequency of a rectangular wave guide whose inner dimensions are ‘a’ = 2.5 cm. M. Deduce expressions for TEM waves in parallel plate waveguides and plot the field configurations. Parallel perfectly conducting plates are separated by 7 cm in air and carry a signal with frequency (f) of 6 GHz in TE1 mode. 2. Calculate the cutoff wavelength for the TM11 mode in a standard rectangular waveguide if a= 4.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl.No. Also sketch the variations of wave impedance with frequency. Find the propagation constant. [a] Explain wave impedance and obtain the expressions of wave impedance for TE and TM waves guided along parallel planes.28cm and b=1. 8. 18. 6. 7. calculate the signal wavelength.3 cm. Compare transmission line and wave guide. phase shift. What is meant by dominant mode of the wave? 9.Vidyarthiplus. 5. (3) Attenuation constant and Phase constant for f = 0.2GHz signal propagated in it.com .Apr/ May.5cm operating at TE10 mode.www. Derive the expression for attenuation constant of TE waves in between two parallel conducting planes. If the characteristics wave impedance is 500 ohms.8 fc and (4) cut-off wavelength. Determine the cut-off frequency for TM10 mode of propagation. [b] A pair of perfectly conducting planes is separated by 8 cm in air. 20. find the following for TM10 mode:  cut-off wavelength  Characteristic impedance and  Phase constant 16. [b] A parallel plane waveguide with plate separation of 20 cm with the TE10 mode excited at 1 GHz. Give the reason for impossibility of TEM waves in waveguides 4. phase velocity and group velocity.No. A rectangular waveguide with dimensions a = 8.Vidyarthiplus.5 cm and b = 4.
15.Apr/ May. 21. Define wave impedance and write an expression for wave impedance of TE waves in rectangular waveguide. An air filled resonant cavity with dimensions a = 5 cm. Question 1. 11. b=4 cm.03 cm operating in TE10 mode. waveguide thickness = 0. What are Bessel’s and Neumann functions? 10. Discuss whether True or False: “A rectangular w/g acts as a HPF” UNIT-V/ PART – A :: CIRCULAR WAVEGUIDES Exam M-08 M-08 N-07 N-07 M-07 N-06 N-06 EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA Sl. c= 10 cm is made M.No. Write the relation between guide wave length.5 cm. What are the disadvantages of circular waveguides? 3. free space wave length and cutoff wave length. What is a w/g? Mention few applications. 13.3 cm is fed by 5 GHz carrier. Which mode has the lowest attenuation in a circular w/g? 9.3 cm and b = 1. Why should we take the cylindrical co-ordinate system to solve the field equations for a circular guide? 2. Which is the dominant mode in circular waveguide? Why? 4. Calculate the cut-off frequency for TE11 mode. calculate λ and λc [(ha) 01 = 2.405] 7.Vidyarthiplus. For a TE01 mode propagation. A circular w/g has an internal radius of 2. A rectangular waveguide has the following dimensions l = 2. What is the configuration of TEM wave in a rectangular w/g? 25. Find the cutoff frequency for the dominant mode. 17. Which are the degenerate modes in a circular w/g? 8. 19. Define phase velocity. Question 1. Calculate the cutoff wavelength for TE10 mode.Vidyarthiplus.. What are dominant mode and degenerate modes in rectangular waveguides? 18.No.www. A circular waveguide operated at 11 GHz has the internal diameter of 4.27 cm. A rectangular w/g is 1cm X 2 cm in dimensions. Mention few applications of circular w/gs UNIT-V/ PART – A :: RESONATORS Sl. Question 11. 24. 12. 22. Write Bessel’s function of first kind of order zero.Nov/ Dec Exam M-10 N-09 M-09 M-08 N-08 N-07 N-06 EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA Exam M-11 Page 14 of 18 www. What are wave guide modes? 20.com .5 cm and b = 4.127 cm. Define attenuation factor of a wave guide. Write a brief note on Excitation of modes in rectangular waveguides. Why the TE10 wave is called as dominant wave in rectangular waveguides? 16. A rectangular waveguide with dimensions a = 8.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl. Will a TE11 mode be propagated? 14.No.5 Cm.54 cm. N. b = 1. 6. Why is the Bessel’s function of the second kind (Neumann’s function) not applicable for the field analysis inside the circular wave guide? 5. Calculate the cut-off wavelength of a rectangular waveguide whose inner dimensions are a = 2. 23.
(i) Discuss the propagation of TM waves in a rectangular waveguide with relevant expressions and diagrams for the field components.318cm is fed by a 4GHz carrier from a coaxial cable. 3. 14. Give the applications of cavity resonators.2GHz with a dominant mode.5 cm and b= 3 cm internally has a 9 GHz signal propagated in it. (8) 5.(8) (ii) Derive the equations to give the relationships among the fields within the rectangular guide. List out the parameters describing the performance of a resonator. Find the resonant frequency for the lowest order mode. 6.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl. Find the cut-off frequency . 13. phase and group velocities and characteristic impedance for the dominant mode. 11. b=4. b = 1 cm is to operate below 15 GHz. M. Є= 4Єo and µr = 1? Calculate the cutoff frequencies of the modes.Nov/ Dec Exam M-11 Marks 16 M-11 N-10 8 10 6 M-10 8 8 8 M-10 8 Page 15 of 18 www. 4. Write an expression for the unloaded Q of a rectangular cavity with square base [a=d] for its dominant mode. Define a cavity resonator and also give its application. Define Q-factor [Unloaded / Loaded / externally loaded]. What are the applications of cavity resonators? What is cavity resonator? Define resonant frequency.the phase velocity and the characteristics impedance.636cm. Exam N-10 M-10 N-09 M-09 N-08 M-08 M-07 N-06 N-07 M-07 EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA EXTRA 8. 7. How many TE and TM modes can the waveguide transmit if the guide is filled with a medium characterized by σ = 0. Calculate the guide wave length.(8) (ii) A standard air-filled rectangular guide with dimensions a=8. UNIT-V/ PART – B :: RECTANGULAR WAVEGUIDES Sl. Question of copper. Draw the field configuration for the TE101 mode of a rectangular cavity. Write an expression for the resonant frequency of a rectangular / circular cavity resonator. N.No.9inch x 4 inch cross section and 12inch length is operated at 9. (i) Distinguish between TE and TM modes of the rectangular guide.No. 10.Vidyarthiplus. 2. 5.www. 12. 4. 16.Apr/ May.5 cm.Vidyarthiplus. 9. Write an expression for the unloaded Q of a rectangular cavity for its dominant mode. 15. (i) A rectangular air-filled copper guide with 0. What does cavity resonator mean? Distinguish between wave guides and cavity resonator. Define the quality factor of a cavity resonator. (ii) A rectangular waveguide measuring a = 4. A rectangular wave guide with dimensions a = 2. 2. Question 1. Write an expression for the unloaded Q of a cubic cavity for its dominant mode.com . Explain in detail (i) Excitation of wave guides 3.
(i) Derive the expression of wave impedance for TE and TM waves guided along rectangular waveguide.com Exam Marks N -09 16 N -09 10 M-09 M-09 6 16 10 6 N-08 N-08 16 16 M-08 M-07 M-08 16 8 8 N-07 10 6 N-07 8 8 M-07 16 M.3 cm and b = 1cm.6 cm.Nov/ Dec Page 16 of 18 .Vidyarthiplus.25 µr = 1. [b] A X-band air filled rectangular waveguide has inner dimension of a=2. TE20. 16.57% of the cut-off wavelength (2) TE30 and TE12 mode have the same cut-off frequency. Deduce the expressions for the field components of TM waves guided along a rectangular wave guide. Derive the field configuration. If so.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl.No. velocity of propagation. [a] Discuss the attenuation of EM waves guided along rectangular waveguide. Question Determine whether a TE10 mode is propagated. 12. [b] A rectangular waveguide measures 3 x 4. [a] Obtain the solution of Electric and Magnetic fields of TM waves guided along rectangular waveguide. Also check which of the modes will propagate along the waveguide when the signal frequency is 10 GHz. group velocity and wave impedance. 13. Calculate the Phase constant.rectangular waveguide with inner dimensions a =1. the guide wavelength for TE10 mode is 87. (i) A rectangular waveguide measuring a=4. which is filled with polyethylene εr =2. calculate the phase velocity and the group velocity. Calculate the cut-off wavelength.Apr/ May. A TE10 wave at 10GHz propagates in a X-band copper rectangular waveguide with inner dimensions a =2.57 x 107 S/m . Guide wavelength. 7. [b] What are the dimensions of a waveguide with the following specifications? (1) At a frequency of 9959.5 GHz. 11. TEM wave cannot exist in a single conductor waveguide Justify the statement using Maxwell’s equation. 6. the guide wavelength and the characteristic wave impedance for the TE10 mode.5 MHz. TM11.www. Calculate the cut-off frequencies in the following modes: TE10. 14.1. 9. which is filled with Teflon εr =2. Calculate the cut-off frequency.5 cm internally and has a 10 GHz signal propagated in it. (8) Describe the field components of TE waves in a rectangular waveguide with necessary expression and also plot the field configurations for the TE10 mode. TM12. cut-off frequency and velocity of propagation for TM waves in rectangular waveguide. and Phase velocity and wave impedance.Vidyarthiplus. (ii) Write a brief note on excitation of modes in rectangular waveguides.5 cm and b = 0. cut off frequency and velocity of propagation for TE waves in rectangular waveguide. Guide wavelength. Derive the field configuration. N. µr = 1. Calculate the guide wavelength.3 cm and b=1 cm. Phase www. 8.5cm and b=3cm internally has a 9GHz signal propagated in it. 10. phase velocity. (b) A TE10 mode is propagated through a waveguide with a = 10 cm at a frequency of 2. phase and group velocities and characteristics wave impedance for TM11 mode. Phase constant. A TE10 wave at 10GHz propagates with the velocity of 2 x 108 m/sec in a brass σc = 1. 15. Find the cut-off wavelength.
6.(8) (ii) Draw the field configurations of different TM and TE modes for a circular guide. TM and TEM waves. 18.Apr/ May. [b] An air filled rectangular waveguide with dimensions of a = 8. Explain the propagation of electromagnetic waves in a cylindrical waveguide with suitable expressions. Determine waveguide dimensions. Which signal among two separate signals with frequency of 5 GHz and 15 GHz will be supported by the rectangular waveguide for propagation through it? 17.No. (ii) Calculate the cutoff wavelength. For a 10 GHz signal propagated in it in the TE11 mode. For a 9 GHz signal propagated init in the TE11 mode. (i) Derive the expressions for the field components of TE waves guided along circular waveguide. phase velocity and group velocity for TE11 mode. (b) A circular waveguide has an internal diameter of 6 cm.(8) 7. [(ha11)’ = 1.Vidyarthiplus. (i)Derive the solution of field equations using cylindrical coordinates. 3. (b) Write a brief note on excitation of modes in circular wave guides 9. Using Bessel function derive the TE wave components in circular waveguides.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 Sl.84)] [6 M] Exam M-11 M-11 N-10 M-10 M-10 Marks 16 16 6 N -09 8 8 M-09 12 4 N-08 M-07 M-08 N-07 12 4 10 10 6 M.Nov/ Dec Page 17 of 18 www. [(ha11)’ = 1.com . Discuss the propagation of TM waves in a circular waveguide with relevant expression for the field components 5. [10 M] [b] A circular waveguide has an internal diameter of 4 cm. calculate cut off wavelength. Explain wave impedance of a rectangular waveguide and derive expression for the wave impedance of TE. Question 1. guide wavelength and characteristic impedance.No.www. Determine the cut-off frequency. [b] The cut-off wavelengths of a rectangular waveguide are measured to be 8 cm and 4.  4. Question velocity. UNIT-V/ PART – B :: CIRCULAR WAVEGUIDES Exam Marks N-06 10 6 N-06 8 8 Sl. guide wavelength and characteristics wave impedance of a circular waveguide with an internal diameter of 4cm for a 10GHz signal propagated in it in the TE 11 mode. calculate cut-off frequency and characteristic impedance.5 cm and b = 4. 2. and wave impedance. (i) Derive the expressions for TM wave components in circular waveguide using Bessel function. Determine the solution of electric and magnetic fields of TE waves guided along rectangular waveguide.3 cm is fed by a 4 GHz carrier from co-axial cable. N. [a] Determine the solution of electric and magnetic fields TM waves guided along circular waveguide.Vidyarthiplus.84)] 8. [10 M] 10.8 cm for TE10 and TE11 mode respectively.
Apr/ May. 7.No.SRIDHAR HOD/ECE DEEPA DIVAKARAN M. 10. (b) Calculate the lowest resonant frequency of a rectangular cavity resonator of dimension a =2 cm. d = 4 cm operating in TE101 mode [4 M Prepared by Exam M-11 M-11 N-10 N-10 M-10 M-10 N -09 M-09 Marks 8 10 8 8 8 N-08 M-08 M-07 M-08 N-07 M-07 Approved by B.b = 1 cm and d =3 cm 9. N.[6 M 11.www. d = 4 cm if the operating mode is TE101. Question 1. 4. 3.Vidyarthiplus. 6.Vidyarthiplus. Calculate the resonant frequency of an air filled rectangular resonator of dimensions a = 2 cm. Explain in detail (ii) Resonant Cavities 2.(8) 8. Assume free space within the cavity. d = 6 cm operating in TE101 mode.Nov/ Dec Page 18 of 18 www. Calculate the resonant frequency of a rectangular resonator of dimensions a = 3 cm. Derive the equation for Q-factor of a rectangular cavity resonator for TE101 mode.com . 5. (i) Obtain the expression for resonant frequency of a rectangular cavity resonator. Calculate the resonant frequency of an air filled rectangular resonator of dimensions a = 3 cm. b = 2 cm.com AWP/ QB/ JAN 2011 UNIT-V/ PART – B :: RESONATORS Sl. Derive the expression for the field components existing in a rectangular cavity. b = 2 cm. b = 4 cm. Explain the field components of the TE waves in a rectangular cavity resonator with relevant expressions. [8 M] 12.
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