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PRESENTED BY :

JATIN

PRATIBHA
KAJAL RASHI

INTRODUCTION TO BELT DRIVES

BELT DRIVES ARE THE MOST CONVINIENT WAY OF TRANSMISSION OF POWER FROM ONE SECTION TO ANOTHER. THE BELT DRIVES ARE ATTACHED TO EACH OTHER AND THE TRANSMISSION OF POWER TAKES PLACE BY THE MEANS OF FRICTION. THEY ARE ALSO CALLED AS THE FRICTION DRIVES.

A BELT DRIVE IS A LOOP OF FLEXIBLE MATERIAL USED TO LINK TWO OR MORE SHAFTS MECHANICALLY. THESE ARE LOOPED OVER THE PULLEYS. IN A TWO PULLEY SYSTEM, THE BELT CAN EITHER DRIVE THE PULLEYS IN THE SAME DIRECTION, THE BELT MAY BE CROSSED ,SO THAT THE DIRECTION OF THE SHAFTS MAY BE OPPOSITE. A DRIVER AND A DRIVEN TOGETHER CONSTITUTES A BELT DRIVE. THE MOTION OF THE DRIVING PULLEY IS GENERALLY TRANSFERRED TO THE DRIVEN PULLEY VIA THE FRICTION BETWEEN THE BELT AND THE

PULLEY. TO AVOID THE SLIPPAGE OF BELTS , THEY ARE KEYED TO THE SHAFTS.

WE HAVE VARIOUS TYPES OF BELT DRIVES. SOME OF THEM ARE AS FOLLOWS :

FLAT BELTS

FLAT BELTS WERE USED EARLY IN LINE SHAFTING FOR TRANSMITTING THE POWER. IT DELIVERS HIGH POWER FOR HIGHER SPEEDS IN CASE OF WIDE BELTS AND LARGE PULLEYS. THESE DRIVES ARE BULKY, REQUIRING HIGH TENSION LEADING TO HIGH LOADS.

THE SHAFT DISTANCE IN CASE OF A FLAT BELT IS OF ABOUT 5 METRES TO 10 METRES.

BECAUSE FLAT BELTS TEND TO CLIMB TOWARDS THE HIGHER SIDE OF THE PULLEY, PULLEYS WERE MADE WITH A SLIGHTLY CONVEX (RATHER THAN FLAT) ,TO KEEP THE BELTS CENTRED. FLAT BELTS ALSO TEND TO SLIP ON THE PULLEY FACE WHEN HEAVY LOADS ARE APPLIED.
FLAT BELTS ARE GENERALLY MADE UP OF LEATHER, BALATA (WOOD GUM), RUBBER, ETC.

ROUND BELTS

ROUND BELTS ARE A CIRCULAR CROSS


SECTION BELT THAT HAVE BEEN DESIGNED TO RUN IN A PULLEY AT A 60 DEGREES V GROOVE .ROUND GROOVES ARE ONLY SUITABLE FOR THE IDLER PULLEYS THAT GUIDE THE BELT, OR WHEN ( SOFT) O- RING TYPE BELTS ARE USED. THE V- GROOVE TRANSMITS THE TORQUE THROUGH A WEDGING ACTION, THUS INCREASING FRICTION.

NEVERTHELESS, ROUND BELTS ARE FOR USE IN RELATIVELY LOW TORQUE SITUATIONS ONLY AND MAY BE PURCHASED IN VARIOUS LENGTHS , OR CUT TO LENGTH AND JOINED, EITHER BY A STAPLER, A METTALIC CONNECTOR, GLUEING OR WELDING. THESE PRODUCE HIGH POWER. THERE IS ABSENCE OF VIBRATION AND NOISE. THE SHAFT DISTANCE IS USUALLY MORE THAN 5 METRES.

VEE - BELTS

V BELT ( ALSO KNOWN AS VEE BELTS OR WEDGE ROPES) SOLVED THE SLIPPAGE AND ALIGNMENT PROBLEMS. IT IS NOW THE BASIC BELT FOR POWER TRANSMISSION. THEY PROVIDE THE BASIC COMBINATION OF TRACTION, SPEED OF MOVEMENT, LOAD OF THE BEARINGS, AND LONG SERVICE LIFE. THE V- BELT WAS FIRST DEVELOPED IN 1917 BY JHON GATES OF THE GATES RUBBER COMPANY. THE V SHAPE OF THE BELT TRACKS IN A MATING GROOVE, IN THE PULLEY, WITH THE RESULT THAT THE BELT CANNOT SLIP OFF. THEIR GENERAL CROSS SECTION SHAPE IS TRAPEZOIDAL.

THESE PRODUCE VERY HIGH POWER, AND MODERATE SPEED. THEY ARE SUPERIOR TO THE FLAT BELTS WHICH REQUIRE VERY LARGE PULLEYS. THEY ARE

VERY THICK AS THEY ARE MADE OUT OF STEEL, POLYESTER GENERALLY.

THE SHAFT DISTANCE IS MOSTLY LESS THAN 2 METRES.

TIMING BELTS

TIMING BELTS ARE A POSITIVE TRANSFER


BELT AND CAN TRACK RELATIVE MOVEMENT. THESE BELTS HAVE TEETH THAT FIT INTO A MATCHING TOOTHED PULLEY. WHEN CORRECTLY TENSIONED, THEY HAVE NO SLIPPAGE, RUN AT CONSTANT SPEED. THEY ARE OFTEN USED IN LIEU OF CHAINS OR GEARS, SO THERE IS LESS NOISE AND A LUBRICATION BATH IS NOT NECESSARY.

THE TIMING BELTS ARE ALSO CALLED AS TOOTHED , NOTCH OR COG. THEY CAN BEAR UPTO 200 hp AT SPEED OF 16,000 ft/min.
DISADVANTAGES INCLUDE A RELATIVELY HIGH PURCHASE COST, THE NEED FOR SPECIALLY FABRICATED TOOTHED PULLEYS, LESS PROTECTION FROM OVERLOADING AND JAMMING.

THE VARIOUS OTHER KIND OF BELT DRIVES ARE AS FOLLOWS : OPEN BELT DRIVE

CROSSED OR TWIST BELT DRIVE

QUARTER TURN BELT DRIVE

COMPOUND BELT DRIVE

SOME OTHER BELT DRIVES ARE : BELT DRIVE WITH IDLER PULLEYS STEPPED OR CONE PULLEY DRIVE RIPPED BELTS FILM BELTS MULTI GROOVE BELTS SPECIALITY BELTS

THANK YOU