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### ###

3.19

48

632 ###

3.19 42

### 253

Qflue ### KJ/s

###

Qs

### KJ/s

### ### Qflue>Qs?

#REF!

Refuse

Thru put

#REF! T/dy

NCV

#REF! Kcal/kg

Mw

500 Kg/ton

%unburnt #REF!

%heat loss #REF!

Qrefuse

#REF! KJ/s

RH in air

0.1

Mwpri

#REF! Kg/s

Mwsec

#REF! Kg/s

Mwflue

#REF! Kg/s

hw25deg

#REF! KJ/kg

hw250deg #REF! KJ/kg

hw850deg #REF! KJ/kg

Qin req

#REF! KJ/s

Can Tflue>850deg? #REF!

###

### ###

Blowdown 0.22 42

### 253

###

1 250

Blowdown

10

11

12

P2

15 40

### 250

15 36

### 440

30 34.3

### 435

From SH(2)

2.45 9.58

3055 296

3 1.1

### 103

P1

1.31 1.88

### 133

25.967 5.39

429.13 102

P1

4

L

13

23 0.05

### 33.9

P1

23 0.05

138 33.9

23 5.39

138 33.2

Title: Thermal dynamics analysis

By:EK Goh

date: 20/11/2000

(air25) Air density @ 25 degC

Flue density @ 25 degC

Flue density @ 200 degC

Flue density @ 1300 degC

Cp air@25deg

Cp air@80deg

Cp air@250deg

Cp flue@200deg

Cp flue@400deg

Cp flue@850deg

Cp flue@1300deg

Atm air temp

Flue Temp @ inlet of boiler

Flue temp @ inlet of superheater

Pri air first pre-heated temp

Pri air sec pre-heated temp

Desired emission Temp

V flue @25 DegC

M flue @25 DegC

V air pri @25 DegC

M air pri @25 DegC

V air sec @25 DegC

M air sec @25 DegC

Moisture content

Moisture content in refuse

Refuse thru-put per line

NCV refuse

No of line

Estimated unburnt

Estimated Heat loss

NCV fuel

Fuel cost

Unit rate of power sold

Known enthalpy state

h1 = hg @ 37b

h3 @ 34.3b = h10 @ 4b

h4 @ 0.16b

h5 = h6

h7 = h8

h9 @37b

h11=h@4b,300C

h12 = hf@4b

h13 = hf@37b

Other assumption

Boiler pressure

Boiler saturated steam temp

Superheater pressure

Superheater steam temp

Condenser pressure

Condenser saturated temp

H(2) Expansion valve pressure

H(2) Expansion valve temp before

water injection

H(2) Expansion valve controlled temp

H(2) saturated temp @4b

H(1) expansion vlv pressure

H(1) expansion vlv temp = Tsat

@4bar

Deaerater tank pressure

Deaerater tank outlet temp

Feedwater temp

Diff press of FD fan (A2)

Isentropic eff

Flue velocity in superheater

Flue velocity in stack

Air velocity in fan duct

Cpf Cooling water

1.177

1.177

0.7483

0.2246

1.0049

1.0084

1.0342

1.1247

1.165

1.263

1.3181

25

850

1300

80

250

200

23295

7.616

10616

3.471

7289.3

2.383

0.01

500

150

1450

10

0.02

0.02

10000

$1,000

$150.00

Kg/m3

Kg/m3

Kg/m3

Kg/m3

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

degC

degC

degC

degC

degC

degC

Nm3/hr

Kg/s

Nm3/hr

Kg/s

Nm3/hr

Kg/s

Kg/Kg air

Kg/Ton

Ton/dy

Kcal/Kg

line

1.0247 assumed

1.065 approx

1.163 assumed

1.2181 assumed

298 degK

1123 degK

1573 degK

353 degK

Cx Ts of Heater

523 degK

1 b4 accept

473 degK

Contain gases given off frm refuse

PV/T = C

Kcal/Kg

41868 KJ/Kg

$/Ton

Per MWhr

2802

3303

2208

192

546

632

3067

605

1066

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

KJ/KgK

37

246

34.3

435

0.1

45.8

4

bar

degC

bar

degC

bar

degC

bar

414 degC

300 degC

143.6 degC

4 bar

143.6

3

130

150

90

0.9

6

3

12

4.181

degC

bar

degC

degC

mbar

m/s

m/s

m/s

KJ/KgK

assumed

assumed

assumed

assumed

assumed

Limit of Cooling water discharge

27 degC

37 degC

delta T=10degC

1 selected operating condition.

Do not change without changing

these parameters.

Values in blue are dependent on

2 conditions in PRC.

Plse change accordingly.

Values in green are selected

3 operating condition.

Plse change accordingly.

Remarks:

Incineration

Qin refuse per line

Actual Qin refuse per line

Mw in pri air

Mw in sec air

Mw in refuse

Mw in flue gas

hw@850deg,atm

hw@250deg,atm

hw@25deg,atm

To heat pri air, sec air, all moisture to 850 degC

Qin pri

Qin sec

Qin refuse water

Total Qin required

=Mrefuse x NCVrefuse

=(1-%unburnt-%heatloss)xQin

refuse

=M pri air x %moisture

=M sec air x %moisture

=M refuse x %moisture

=Total M water content

850)

=Qair(25 to 850) + Qw(25 to

850)

=Mw refuse x(hw25 to hw850)

10539.69 KJ/s

10118.10

0.035

0.024

0.868

0.927

4958

2975

2675

KJ/s

Kg/s

Kg/s

Kg/s

Kg/s

KJ/Kg

KJ/Kg

KJ/Kg

3114.36 KJ/s

2720.94 KJ/s

1981.77 KJ/s

7817.07 KJ/s

more steam than the design load can be

generated?

Boiler

Energy air side = Energy steam side

Msi =Mwi

=MfluexCp(850-200)/(h9-h1)

3.111 Kg/s

=Mpair x Cp(80-25)/(h1-h13)

0.113 Kg/s

11.199 Ton/hr

MsH1

At Air Heater (2)

MsH2

=Mpair x Cp(250-80)/(h11-h13)

Mass balance for turbine

Mst

=(Msi - MsH1)x10 Lines

Mst + Mcw - Ms - MsH3 - 10MsH2

=0

Ms+MsH3-Mcw

= Mst - 10MsH2

Energy balance for Deareater (refer to Sheet-Deareater)

Solving

MsH3

Mcw

Ms

Is energy in balance?

At Superheater and feedwater heater

Q superheater

Q feedwater heater

Q required frm fuel

M a2

V a2@1300DegC

V a2@200DegC

V a2@25DegC

Diameter of furnance

Diameter of Stack

Diameter of FD Fan

0.261 Kg/s

Mst

29.980 Kg/s

Ms

Mcw

27.373 Kg/s

3.179 Kg/s

0.542 Kg/s

24.735 Kg/s

MsH3

10MsH2

=Mst(h3-h1)

=10xMwi(h9-h8)

= Q sh + Q fw

= Qtotal/(CpT1300-CpT200)

= M a2 / Density@1300DegC

= M a2 / Density@200DegC

= M a2 / Density@25DegC

=Va2@1300/Vel

=Va2@200/Vel

=Va2@25/Vel

15019.76

2675.40

17695.16

11.48

51.11

15.34

9.75

3.29

2.55

1.02

KJ/s

KJ/s

KJ/s

Kg/s

m3/s

m3/s

m3/s

m

m

m

384 degC

Displacement

146.30 KW

35113.04 m3/hr

At Furnance

Mass fuel consumed

=Ma2(CpT1300-CpT25)/Cvfuel

0.486 Kg/s

42.02 Ton/dy

$15,339,056 per yr

Revenue on power alone

24.4 MW

$32,030,521 per yr

Q rejection

M cooling water

= Ms(h4' - h5)

=Qrej/Cpw(T37-T27)

Total Qin frm fuel

Thermal Efficiency

=10xMrefuse x NCVrefuse

= Mfuel x NCV fuel

= Pwr out/Total Qin

At Turbine

At Condenser

2317.5 KJ/kg

52.57 MW

1257.46 Kg/s

4526.84 Ton/Hr

Too large, reservior water may not be sufficient. Probably a cooling tower will be more appropriate

Thermal Analysis

105396.88

20364.52

19.38%

Mst

Ms+MsH3-Mcw

Therefore, Ms

=

=

=

29.98

27.37

27.37 - MsH3 + Mcw

eqn(1)

At Deareater

h13, 10MsH1

10MsH2, h12

MsH3, h11

Ms+10MsH1+10MsH2+MsH3

h7

Ms, h6

Ms(h7-h6) - MsH3(h11-h7)

=

354 Ms

2521 MsH3

=

10MsH1(h13-h7) + 10MsH2(h12-h7)

741.27

eqn(2)

At Expansion Valve

h3,

10MsH2 + MsH3

Mcw, h8

10MsH2(h3-h11)

h11,

10MsH2(h3-h11)

Mcw(h11-h8) - MsH3(h3-h11)

2521 Mcw

236 MsH3

=

=

=

=

Mcw(h11-h8) + MsH3(h11-h3)

10MsH2(h3-h11)

615.24

eqn(3)

=

=

=

=

741.27

354x27.37 - 741.27

8948.63

63727.42

Sub (1)in(2)

(4)x

Solving

354(27.37-MsH3+Mcw) - 2521MsH3

-354Mcw + MsH3(2521+354)

354 Mcw

+

2875 MsH3

2521 Mcw

+

20474 MsH3

0 Mcw

MsH3

=

Mcw

=

Ms

=

Checking for balancing (At Deareator)

Energy in

=

=

Energy Out

=

=

Balance?

=

20238 MsH3

eqn(4)

eqn(5)

64342.66

3.17926 Kg/s

0.54167 Kg/s

24.74 Kg/s

Msxh6 + MsH3xh11 + 10MsH1xh13 +10MsH2xh12

17281

(Ms + MsH3 + 10MsH1 + 10MsH2)h7

17281

1

=> Answer is correct!

Legend

Steam flow

Airflow

Kg/s

KJ/Kg

kg/s

KJ/kgK

bar

degC

m3/s

degC

11.48

1.165

384

Superheater

11.48

29.980

3303

34.3

435

1.3181

1300

Fuel

10

Furnance

5.245

3303

0.542

546

414

143.6

0.542

546

37

130

11

2802

37

246

1.0049 FD fan(2)

7.61617

Boiler

300

Turbine

25

Superheated steam header

1.1247

200

1.263

0.261

3067

300

Heater(2)

3.47084

850

3.179

3067

300

Heater(1)

3.47084

1.0049

1.0084

2.94889

25

0.113

2802

37

246

80

632

37

150

150T/dy Refuse

Sec air

2.3832

1.0049

2.02481

25

1.1247

3.47084

200

feedwater

heater

605

143.6

13

1.0342

546

37

130

632

37

150

1066

143.6

605

3.179

3067

143.6

300

7

31.651

31.109

1.130

2.607

P2

Common feed

header

0.113

1066

37

246

0.113

1066

143.6

0.542

546

37

130

2208

0.1

45.8

24.735

192

0.1

45.8

250

31.651

24.735

24.4 MW

12

Incinerator

11.48

0.261

PWR =

FD fan(1)

L

3.111

435

To other line

common return

header

7.61617

9.8

3067

3303

34.3

546

130

24.735

192

45.8

P1

6

Deareater

Cooling water

11.48

3.111

6.328

24.735

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