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General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

Page 1of 18

1. According to the Bronsted—Lowry definition, which chemical species can function both as an acid and as a base?

a. Cl

b.

c. NH 4

d. HCO 3

e. H 3 O +

SO 4

2—

+

2. In the reaction CN + H 2 O !" HCN + OH which is an acid—base conjugate pair?

a. H 2 O and HCN

b. H 2 O and OH

c. CN and H 2 O

d. HCN and OH

3. Given that HX is a stronger Bronsted acid than HY in aqueous solution, which is true of a 1 M solution of NaX

a. It is less basic than a 1 M solution of NaY.

b. It is more basic than a 1 M solution of NaY.

c. It yields a neutral solution.

d. It is more concentrated than a 1 M solution of NaY.

4. The pH of a 0.03 M HCl solution is

a. 1.5

b. 2.5

c. 3.5

d. 12.5

5. The pH of a 1.0 x 10 3 M Ba(OH) 2 solution at 25 o C is

a. 2.7

b. 3.0

c. 11.0

d. 11.3

6. Which is the strongest acid?

a. HClO

b. HClO

c. HClO

d. HClO

2

3

4

7. Which salt reacts with water (hydrolyzes) to produce a basic solution?

a. NaC 2 H 3 O 2

b. NaNO 3

c. NH 4 Cl

d. BaSO 4

8. The weakest of the bases listed is

Acid

 

Conjugate

Ka (Ionization

 

Base

Constant of Acid)

HCl

 

Cl

100% ionized

HSO 4

SO 4

2—

1.2 x 10 -2

H

2 S

HS

 

5.7x10 -8

HS

 

S

2—

 

1.2x10 -13

a. Cl

b. CN

c. HS

d. S 2

e. SO 4

2—

9. The oxide of which element will react with water to form the strongest acid?

 

Main Groups

 

Period

I

II

II

IV

V

VI

VII

O

I

First

               

Second

X

Y

Z

P

 

Q

S

U

Third

W

       

R

T

M

a. W

b. M

c. P

d. R

e. Z

10. Which statement is a logical inference from

the fact that a 0.10 M solution of potassium acetate KC 2 H 3 O 2 , is less alkaline than a 0.10 M solution of potassium cyanide, KCN?

a. Hydrocyanic acid is a weaker acid than acetic acid.

b. Hydrocyanic acid is less soluble in water than acetic acid.

c. Cyanides are less soluble than acetates

d. Acetic acid is a weaker acid than hydrocyanic acid

11. In the titration of 50.0 mL of 0.100 M

benzoic acid (a monoprotic acid) with 50.0 mL of 0.100 M NaOH, the properties of the solution at the equivalence point will correspond exactly to the properties of

a. a 0.100 M sodium solution.

b. a 0.0500 M sodium hydroxide solution.

c. a 0.0500 M benzoic acid solution.

d. a 0.0500 M sodium benzoate solution.

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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12. A mixture of which pair of 0.1 M aqueous solutions would constitute a buffer?

a. NaOH and NaCl

b. HCl and NaOH

c. HCl and NaCl

d. NH 3 and NH 4 NO 3

13. What do these have in common?

20 Ne

19 F 1-

24 Mg 2+

a. the same number of protons

b. the same number of neutrons

c. the same number of electrons

d. the same size

14. The number of neutrons in the nucleus of an atom of 13 27 Al is

a. 40

b. 13

c. 27

d. 14

e. 9

15.

The

orbitals

of

2p

represented as being

a. elliptical.

b. Pyramidal

c. Tetrahedral

d. dumbbell shaped

e. spherical.

electrons

are

often

16. The element in Period 5, Group 3A, has the outer electron configuration

a. 5s 2 5p

b. 3s 2 3p

c. 3s 2 3p

d. 5s 2 5p

1

5

3

3

17. Which

electron

impossible?

a. 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2

b. 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6

c. 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 2d 2

d.

1s 2 2s 2 2p 5 3s 1

configuration

is

18. The element X occurs naturally to the

extent of 20.0% 12 X and 80.0% 13 X. The atomic mass of X is nearest

a. 12.2

b. 12.5

c. 12.8

d. 13.0

19. Which electron transition is associated with the largest emission of energy?

a. n=2 to n=1

b. n=2 to n=4

c. n=2 to n=3

d. n=3 to n=2

20. If an electron moves from one energy level

in an atom to another energy level more remote from the nucleus of the same atom

a. energy is absorbed.

b. energy is liberated.

c. there is no energy change.

d. the atom must assume a different ionic valence

e. light of a definite wave length is emitted.

21. A photon of light of 450 nm, when

compared to light of wavelength 300 nm, has (1nm = 10 -9 m)

a. a higher frequency.

b. lower energy.

c. a greater velocity.

d. a shorter wavelength

22. Which set of quantum numbers is possible for an electron in an atom?

a. n=3, l=0, m l =1, m s = - ½

b. n=2, l=2,m l = -2, m s = -½

c. n=5, l=2, m l =2, m s =+½

d. n=4, l=3, m l = -4, m s = - ½

23. A compound consisting of an element

having a low ionization potential and a second element having a high electron affinity is likely to have

a. covalent bonds

b. metallic bonds

c. coordinate covalent bonds

d.

ionic bonds.

24. According to modern bonding theory the

number of sigma ( σ) and pi ( π) bonds in the ethylene molecule H 2 C=CH 2 is

a. l π and 4 σ

b. l π and 1 σ

c. l π and 5 σ

d. 2 π and 4 σ

e. l π and 6 σ

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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25. The number of σ bonds in N=N is

a. 1

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

26. The elements in an ionic compound are held together by

a. electrostatic forces of attraction.

b. van der Waals forces

c. the spin of paired electrons.

d. the formation of hybrid orbitals.

e. an electron pair.

27. In every electrolytic and galvanic (voltaic) cell the anode is that electrode

a. at which oxidation occurs.

b. which attracts cations.

c. at which electrons are supplied to the solution.

d. at which reduction occurs.

28. Metal X was plated from a solution

containing cations of X. The passage of 48.25 C deposited 31 mg of X on the cathode. What is the

mass of X (in grams) per mole of electrons?

a. 47

b. 62

c. 93

d. 186

29. In a galvanic (voltaic) cell in which the

reaction is

and the ions are at unit concentration (activity),

Cd + Cu 2+ " Cu + Cd 2+

the

cell potential is

Cd

" Cd 2+ + 2e -

0.4021 V

Cu

" Cu 2+ + 2e -

- 0.344 V

a.

0.1383 V

b.

0.4021 V

c.

0.344 V

d.

0.7461 V

e.

0.3677 V

30. In which reaction will an increase in total

pressure at constant temperature favor formation

of the products?

a. CaCO 3 (s) !" CaO(s) + CO 2 (g)

b. H 2 (g) + Cl 2 (g) !"""" 2HCl(g)

c. 2NO(g) + O 2 (g) !" 2NO 2 (g)

d. COCl 2 (g) !" CO(g) + Cl 2 (g)

Standard Potentials

E

o

Mg" Mg 2+ +2e

2.37V

Al " Al 3+ +3e

1.66V

Zn " Zn 2+ +2e

0.76V

Fe "Fe 2+ +2e

0.44V

Cu " Cu 2+ +2e

0.34V

Ag" Ag + + e

-0.80V

31. Using only the metals Mg, Al, Zn, Fe, Cu

and Ag, together with their 1 M salt solutions, a voltaic cell of the highest possible voltage would be constructed using electrodes of these metals.

32.

a. Mg and Ag

b. Mg and Fe

c. Zn and Cu

d. Al and Ag

e. Mg and Al

E = E o - 0.059/n log Q (Nernst equation)

[H + ] = 1.0 M initially, P 02 = 1.0 atm

4e + O 2 (g)+4H + (aq)!" 2H 2 O(l)

Based on the information above, which statement is correct?

E o =1.23V

a.

n = 1, since one mole of oxygen is being considered.

b.

Addition of base should result in an E value, which is less than 1.23 V.

c.

E

is independent of the pH of the solution.

d.

Q =

[H 2 O] 2 [O 2 ] [H + ]

33. The equilibrium constant for the gaseous

reaction C + D !" E + 2F is 3.0 at 50 o C. In a 2.0 L flask at 50 o C are placed 1.0 mol of C, 1.0 mol of D, 1.0 mol of E, and 3.0 mol of F. Initially, the reaction will

a. proceed at equal rates in both directions.

b. proceed more rapidly to form E and F.

c. proceed more rapidly to form C and D.

d. not occur in either direction.

Compound

G o f kJ/mol

H

2 O(l)

—237

H

2 O(g)

—229

34. At 298 K the equilibrium constant for

H 2 (g) + ½ O 2 (g) !" H 2 O(l)

a. is larger than the Keq for

H 2 (g) + ½ O 2 (g) !" H 2 O(g)

b. will have a value of 1 0 at equilibrium.

c. cannot be computed since data on O 2 and

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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H 2 are not provided.

d. will have the same value as the K eq for 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) !" 2 H 2 O(l)

35. Consider the reversible system at

equilibrium:

2CO + O 2 !" 2CO 2 + heat When the temperature is increased at constant pressure

a. the CO 2 concentration will be increased.

b. the CO 2 concentration will be decreased.

c. the amount of each substance will be unchanged.

d. the amount of each substance will be increased.

e. the result cannot be predicted from the information given.

36. The numerical value of the equilibrium

constant for any chemical change is affected by

changing

a.

b. the concentration of the products.

c. the concentration of reacting substances.

d. the pressure.

e. the temperature

the catalyst.

37. What is the equilibrium constant expression

for the gas phase oxidation of CO to CO 2 by O 2 ?

a. K = [CO 2 ] 2 [CO][O 2 ]

b. K= [CO] 2 [O 2 ] [CO 2 ]

c. K= [CO 2 ] 2 [CO] 2 [O 2 ]

d. K= [CO] [O 2 ] [CO 2 ]

38. Into an empty vessel COCl 2 (g) is

introduced at 1.0 atm pressure whereupon it dissociates until equilibrium is established:

2COCl 2 (g) !" C(graphite) +CO 2 (g) + 2Cl 2 (g)

a.

If x represents the partial pressure of CO 2 (g) at equilibrium, what is the value of the equilibrium constant, Kp?

x.2x 2

(1.0-2x) 2

b. x x 2x 2 (1.0-2x 2 )

c. x (2x) 2 (1.0- 2x) 2

d. x (2x) 2 (1.0—x) 2

39. At a certain temperature, the equilibrium

constant for the reaction

I 2 (g) is 0.49. Calculate the number of moles of hydrogen produced when one mole of HI is placed in a 1 L vessel at this temperature.

2HI(g) !"""" H 2 (g) +

a. 0.41

b. 0.25

c. 0.29

d. 3.45

40. What is the [OH - ] of a solution which is 0.18 M in ammonium ion and 0.10 M in ammonia? Kb = 1.8 x 10 -5

a. 1.3x10

1.0x10

c.

d. 1.0x10

b.

1.3x10

-3

-3

-5

-5

41. What is the pH of a 0.10 M solution of a

monoprotic acid, HA, with a Ka = 1.0 x 10 -6 ?

a. 1.6

b. 3.5

c. 5.0

d. 6.0

42. When 0.10 mol of a weak acid HA was

diluted to one liter, experiment showed the acid

to be 1% dissociated. HA + H 2 O !" H 3 O + + A -

What is the acid dissociation constant, Ka?

a. 1 x10 -6

b. 1 x10 -5

c. l x10 -3

d. 1 x10 5

43. Which solution has a pH less than 7.0?

a. 1 M NH 4 Cl

b. 1 M K 2 CO 3

c. 1 M NaOCl

d. 1 M NaOH

44. What is the pH of a 0.1 M NaF solution?

Ionization constant for HF, Ka = 7 x 10 -4

a. 2.1

b. 5.9

c.

d.

8.1

9.1

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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45. What is the hydrogen ion concentration of a

buffer solution containing 0.10 M NO 2 1- and 0.20

M HNO 2 ?

Acid, Ka = 4.5x 10 -4

Ionization constant for Nitrous

a.

b. 9.0 x 10 -4 M

c. 4.5 x 10 -4 M

d. 9.5 x 10 -3 M

2.2x10 -4 M

46. The solubility of BaCO 3 is 7.9 x 10 -3 g/L.

Calculate the solubility product, K sp ignoring

hydrolysis. MW of BaCO 3 197 g/mol

a. 1.6x10

b. 1.6x10

c. 4.0x10

d.

-2

-9

-5

6.2x10 -5

47. The addition of solid Na 2 SO 4 to an aqueous

solution in equilibrium with solid BaSO 4 will

BaCrO 4 253 g/mol

a. 1.2x10 -10

2.2x10

c. 2.8x10

d. 7.8 xl0 -6

b.

-5

-3

51. Which is the correct expression for the

solubility product constant for Ag 2 CrO 4 ?

a. K sp = [Ag+] 2 [CrO 4 2- ]

b. K sp = [2Ag+] 2 [CrO 4 2- ]

c.

d. K sp = [Ag+] [CrO 4 2- ] 2

e. K sp = [2Ag+] [CrO 4 2- ]

K sp = [Ag+] [CrO 4 2- ]

52. The correct IUPAC name of N 2 O 3 is

a. nitrogen oxide.

b. nitrogen(II) oxide.

c.

d. dinitrogen trioxide.

nitrous oxide

53. In which case is the substance with the

cause

given formula followed by its correct name?

a. KNO 2 potassium nitrate

a.

no change in [Ba 2+ ] in solution.

b. FeCl 3 iron(III) chloride

b.

more BaSO 4 to dissolve.

c. FeS iron(II) sulfite

c.

precipitation of more BaSO 4 .

d. Mg 3 N 2 — magnesium nitrite

d.

an increase in the K sp of BaSO 4 .

e. HClO hydrochloric oxide

48. Assume that standardized aqueous solutions

of each of these are available.

Substance

Ionization

Constant

NaOAc

Kb = 5.6 x 10 -10

RNH 3 + Cl -

Ka = 5.6 x 10 -10

RNH 2

Kb=1.8x10 -5

HOAc

Ka=1.8x10 -5

A buffer with a desired pH is 5.0 would be

conveniently prepared by appropriate mixtures of

a. NaOAc and HOAc

b. HOAc and water

c. NaOAc and RNH 2

d. HOAc and RNH 2

49. Which substance is most soluble in water?

a. C 6 H 6

b. CaCO 3

c. C 2 H 5 OH

d. CO 2

50. The solubility of BaCrO 4 in water is 2.8 x

10 -3 g/L what is the K sp of the salt? MW of

54. Balance the equation for the following

reaction, using no fractional coefficients.

? C +? HNO 3 """" ? CO 2 +? NO 2 +? H 2 O

The sum of the coefficients in the balanced equation is

a. 5

b. 7

c. 9

d. 12

e. 16

55. Complete and balance the equation for the

reaction, where the reactants are in aqueous solution. Use no fractional coefficients.

? Na 3 PO 4 + ? Ba(NO 3 ) 2 " ? +

?

The number of moles and formula of the product containing Ba are

a. 3NaNO 3

b. BaPO 4

c. Ba(PO 4 ) 2

d. Ba 2 P 3

e. Ba 3 (PO 4 ) 2

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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56. According to the kinetic molecular theory,

a. gaseous molecules are continuously in random motion and collisions are perfectly elastic.

b. the absolute temperature of a gas depends on its molar mass.

c. the pressure exerted on a gas affects the speed of its molecules.

d. gaseous molecules can travel in straight or curved paths.

e. all gaseous molecules are diatomic.

57. The volume of a given mass of gas varies

inversely with pressure, provided that the temperature remains constant because

a. attractive forces between gas molecules are negligible.

b. attractive forces between gas molecules are appreciable.

c. the average kinetic energy of the molecules of a gas is proportional to the absolute temperature.

d. increasing the molecular concentration, at constant temperature, means increasing the number of collisions between molecules and container.

e. collisions between gas molecules are perfectly elastic.

58. The Kelvin temperature of one liter of gas

is doubled and its pressure is tripled, volume will

then be

a.

b.

c.

d.

l / 6 L 2 / 3 L 3 / 2 L 6 L

59. Which gas, present in the same closed

system, has the greatest average kinetic energy at

a given temperature?

a. Hydrogen

b. neon

c. carbon dioxide

d. None; the average kinetic energy is the same for each gas.

60. A sample of neon occupies a volume of

27.3 L at STP. What would be the neon volume

at 177 o C and 0.100 atm pressure?

a. 177 L

b. 350 L

c. 422 L

d. 450 L

61. Under the same conditions of temperature

and pressure, the gas whose molecules possess

the highest average speed is

a. H 2 O

b. O 2

c. F 2

d. Ne

62. What is the volume of 2.00 mol of helium gas at 27 o C and 3.00 atm?

a. 6.1x10 -2 L

b. 1.48L

c. 16.4L

d. 44.8 L

63. Real gases are most like ideal gases at

a. high pressure and high temperature.

b. low pressure and low temperature.

c. high pressure and low temperature.

d. low pressure and high temperature.

64. 500 mL of a gaseous compound has a mass

of 0.9825 g at 0 o C and 760 mmHg. What is the

approximate molar mass of the compound?

a.

b.

c.

d.

19.7

38.7

44.0

58.9

65. The partial pressures of a gaseous mixture

are given in the table. What is the mole percent of hydrogen?

 

Partial Pressures

hydrogen

200

mmHg

carbon dioxide

150

mmHg

methane

320

mmHg

ethylene

105

mmHg

a. 20.0

b. 25.8

c. 38.8

d. 41.7

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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66. It is desired to collect enough oxygen over water at 25 o C and 750 mmHg barometric

pressure to be equivalent to 1 L of pure oxygen at 0 o C and 760 mmHg. The vapor pressure of water at 25 o C is 23.5 mm. The volume collected is

a. 1 L (298/273)(750/760)

b. 1 L (273/298)((750-23.5)/(760-23.5))

c. 1 L (273/298)((750-23.5)/760)

d. 1 L (298/273)(760/(750-23.5))

67. Methane, CH 4 , diffuses in a given apparatus

at the rate of 30 mL/min. At what rate would a

gas with a molar mass of 100 diffuse under the same conditions? MW of CH 4 = 16 g/mol

a. 0.77 mL/min

71. The following mechanism has been

proposed for the formation of ethylbenzene:

CH 3 CH 2 Br + AlBr 3 " AlBr 4 - + CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 + + C 6 H 6 " C 6 H 6 CH 2 CH 3 C 6 H 6 CH 2 CH 3 + + AlBr 4 - "AlBr 3 + HBr + C 6 H 5 CH 2 CH

3

+

+

Which substance serves as the catalyst?

a.

b.

c.

d.

AlBr 3 CH 3 CH 2 AlBr 4

C 6 H 6 CH 2 CH 3

+

-

+

 

b. 30 mL/min

72.

Which substance has the highest boiling

c.

6.7 mL/min

point?

d. 75 mL/min

 

e. 12.0 mL/min

 

a.

CH 4

 

b.

He

68.

The Arrhenius equation, k= Ae -E/RT

c.

HF

expresses the relationship between the reaction rate constant, k, and the energy of activation, E.

 

d.

Cl 2

The probability that colliding molecules will

73.

The table presents data for the reaction: The

react

a.

increases with increasing energy of activation.

b.

depends only on the empirical constant, A.

c.

increases with decreasing temperature.

d.

decreases with increasing energy of activation.

69. The rate law for the reaction A+B"C+D is

first order in [A] and second order in [B]. If [A]

is halved and [B] is doubled, the rate of the reaction will

a. remain the same

b. be increased by a factor of 2.

c. be increased by a factor of 4.

d. be increased by a factor of 8.

70. The addition of a catalyst in a chemical reaction

a. increases the concentration of products at equilibrium.

b. increases the fraction of reactant molecules with a given kinetic energy.

c. provides an alternate path with a different activation energy.

d. lowers the enthalpy change in the overall reaction.

temperature of the reaction is constant. The initial rate is in arbitrary units. 2H 2 (g) + 2NO(g) " 2H 2 O(g) + N 2 (g)

 

Initial Concentration (mol/L)

Exp.

[NO] x 10 -3

[H 2 ] x 10 -3

Initial Rate

I

6.0

1.0

18

II

6.0

2.0

36

III

1.0

6.0

3

IV

2.0

6.0

12

What is the rate law for this reaction?

a. rate = k 1 [H 2 ][NO]

b. rate = k 1 [H 2 ] 2 [NO] 2

c. rate = k 1 [H 2 ] 2 [NO]

d. rate = k 1 [H 2 ] [NO] 2

74. The reaction 2A + 2B """" C +D proceeds by this mechanism:

2A !" A 2

A 2 + B """" X + C (rate determining) X+B"D (rapid) The rate equation for the reaction is

(equilibrium)

a. rate = k[A] [B]

b. rate = k[A] 2 [B] 2 /[C][D]

c. rate = k[A] 2 [B] 2 [D]

d. rate = k[A] 2 [B]

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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75. What is the correctly reported mass of water based on this data?

Mass of beaker and water

Mass of beaker only 28.3220 g

29.62 g

a. 1.3g

b. 1.30g

c. 1.298g

d. 1.2980g

76. When a small single piece of magnesium

ribbon is dropped into a test tube half filled with dilute sulfuric acid, the metal soon floats to the

surface of the liquid. The best explanation for this is that, (Densities, Mg, 1.79 g/cm 3 ; H 2 SO 4 (dilute) 1.2 g/cm 3 )

a. the metal is less dense than the acid.

b. the metal gets hot and expands and decreases its density markedly as it reacts with the acid

c. the magnesium sulfate formed increases the density of the solution.

d. gas bubbles attached to the metal buoy the metal to the top.

e. convection currents set up in the acid carry the metal to the top.

77. The equilibrium vapor pressure of a few liters of a liquid is dependent on

a. the mass of the liquid.

b. the surface area of the liquid

c. the temperature only

d. the volume of the liquid

78. The edge of a unit cube of an element Y,

containing two atoms per unit cube, was found (by X- ray diffraction) to be 3.16 x 10 -8 cm. The density of the metal is 19.35 g/cm 3 . What is the

approximate atomic molar mass of Y?

a.

b. 92.0

c. 184

d. 238

65.4

79. When a hypothetical ionic crystal M + X - is

a. the electron affinity of X is small in magnitude and the ionization potential of M is large in magnitude.

b. the heat of vaporization of crystalline M is small.

c. the heat of vaporization of crystalline M is large.

d. the effective radii of M + and X - are large.

e. the effective radii of M + and X - are small.

80. The stronger the intermolecular forces in a substance

a. the higher the boiling point.

b. the lower the boiling point.

c. the higher the vapor pressure.

d. the smaller the deviation from ideal gas behavior.

81. Which group of substances is correctly

arranged in order from the highest to the lowest melting point?

a. HF>H 2 >NaF

b. NaF>H 2 >HF

c. HF>NaF>H

d. NaF>HF>H

2

2

82. The fact that H 2 O has a dipole moment suggests that the water molecule is

a. dimeric

b. symmetrical.

c. bent.

d. nonpolar.

83. Which pair is geometrically similar?

a. SO 2 and CO 2

b. CO 2 and OF 2

c. PH 3 and BF 3

d.

SO 2 and O 3

84. The bond type and molecular polarity of SiCl 4 are

Bond Type

Polarity of Molecule

heated, it vaporizes to form separate M + (g) and

a. polar

nonpolar

X - (g) ions. The energy required for this

b. polar

polar

vaporization (the lattice energy) will be greatest

c. nonpolar

polar

when

d. nonpolar

nonpolar

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

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85. The fact that BCl 3 is a planar molecule

while NCl 3 is pyramidal can be explained several different ways. Which is the best rationalization?

a.

b.

c.

d.

Nitrogen is more electronegative than boron.

The nitrogen atom in NCl 3 has a lone pair of electrons whereas the boron atom in BCl 3 does not.

The nitrogen atom is smaller than the boron atom

The boron atom in BCl 3 is sp 3 hybridized, while the nitrogen atom in NCl 3 is sp 2 hybridizes

isotope?

a. 4 days

b. 8 days

c.

d. 16 days

12 days

91. Which of these molecules is the most

polar? (X and Y are two different elements, Y

being the more electronegative.)

a.

b.

c.

X 2

Y 2

X—Y—X

d. X—Y 86. The geometry for SeF 3 + is X a. trigonal pyramidal. X
d.
X—Y
86. The geometry for SeF 3 + is
X
a.
trigonal pyramidal.
X
b.
tetrahedral.
e.
Y—X
c.
square planar.
X
d.
rectangular
planar.
92.
In the beta emission of a species such as
14
87. The Lewis structure of BrF 5 is
6 C the process may be considered as
F
F
F
a.
the change of a proton into a neutron.
Br
b.
the change of a neutron into a proton.
F
F
c.
the same mode of decay as electron capture.

The molecular structure of BrF 5 is

a. square pyramidal.

b. trigonal pyramidal.

c. trigonal bipyramidal.

d.

octahedral.

88. Which is planar?

a.

b. ClO 3

c. CO 3

d. NH 3

e. PH 3

PCl 3

-

2-

89. A molecule of the type ML 4 consists of four

bonding pairs of electrons and no lone pairs. Which structure would it be expected to assume?

a. square planar

b. tetrahedral

c. linear

d. square pyramidal

90. A sample of a radioactive isotope initially

contains 20 x 10 10 atoms. After 16 days, 5 x 10 10 atoms remain. What is the half-life of the

d. neutrino absorption by the nucleus.

93. Which compound is a paraffin (methane series) hydrocarbon?

a.

b.

c. (C 2 H 5 ) 2 O

C 5 H 11 OH

C 5 H 12

d. C 6 H 6

e.

C 6 H 5 Cl

94. lsobutane differs from butane in that the former

a. has a higher molecular weight.

b. has a different percentage composition.

c. is not a saturated hydrocarbon.

d. has a different empirical formula.

e. has a different structural formula.

95. Which has the highest boiling point?

a. n-butane C 4 H 10

b. n-heptane C 7 H 16

c. n-hexane C 6 H 14

d. n-pentane C 5 H 12

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

Page 10of 18

96. The reaction between acetic acid and ethyl alcohol is classified as

CH 3 COOH + C 2 H 5 OH """" CH 3 COOC 2 H 5 + H 2 O

a.

b.

c.

d.

97.

in

a.

b.

c.

d.

saponification

addition

esterification

hydrolysis

Manganese has the oxidation number of +5

[MnF 6 ] 3-

Mn 2 O 7

[MnO 4 ] 2-

[Mn(CN) 6 ] 1-

98. The highest oxidation number of vanadium is exhibited in

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

99.

a.

b.

c.

d.

100.

a.

b.

c.

d.

101.

VO 2+

VBr 4

NH 4 VO 3

V 2 (SO 4 ) 3

V(CN) 6

3—

Fe(s) + Cu 2+ (aq) """" Cu(s) + Fe 2+ (aq) Which statement is true for the reaction?

Cu 2+ is oxidized.

Cu 2+ gains in oxidation state.

Cu 2+ is reduced. Fe(s) is reduced.

Which is the strongest oxidizing agent?

Standard Potentials

o

E

Na

" Na + + e

2.71

V

Cd

" Cd 2+ + 2e

0.40

V

H 2 " 2H + + 2e

0.00

V

Ag

"Ag + + e

-0.80 V

Na +

H 2

Cd 0

Ag +

In this reaction

 

3Mg + 2HNO 3 (dilute) + 6H " 3Mg 2+ + 2NO + 4H 2 O

the magnesium acts as a reducing agent. How many electrons does each magnesium atom lose?

a. 1

2

3

4

d.

c.

b.

e.

6

102. Which of these isoelectronic ions is the

most polarizable?

a.

Na +

b.

O 2-

c.

F -

d.

Mg 2+

103.

The greatest oxidizing power (tendency to

gain electrons) is shown by

a.

b.

c.

d.

104.

Standard Potentials

E

o

Na " Na + + e

2.714 V

Al " Al 3+ +3e

1.67 V

Sn 2+ "Sn 4+ +2e

-0.14 V

21 " l 2 +2e

-0.535 V

2F "F 2 + 2e

-2.85 V

Na +

Al

Sn 4+

F 2

Which metal will reduce copper(ll) ions but

not zinc ions?

Standard Potentials

E

o

Na " Na + +e

2.71

V

Zn " Zn 2+ +2e

0.76

V

Fe " Fe 2+ + 2e

0.4 V

 

Pb " Pb 2+ +2e

0.13

V

H 2 " 2H + + 2e

0.00

V

Cu " Cu 2+ +2e

-0.34.V

Hg " Hg 2+ +2e

-0.85 V

Ag " Ag + +e

-0.80 V

a. Na

b. Hg

c. Pb

d. Ag

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

Page 11of 18

105. A metal, M, forms an oxide of formula

M 2 O 3 . The ground state valence shell electron

configuration of the M atom is

a.

b.

c.

d.

106.

ns 2 np

np 6

4s 1 3d

4f 7

1

10

From your knowledge of the periodic

nature of the elements, what formula would be anticipated for gallium selenide?

a.

b.

c.

d.

107.

GaSe

GaSe 2

Ga 2 Se

Ga 2 Se 3

Use this section of a periodic table.

A E Q R
A
E
Q
R

If atoms of R have one “d” type electron, what is the formula for a nitride of element A?

a.

b.

c.

d.

108.

A 3 N

A 3 N 2

AN

AN 2

In which pair of particles is the first

member larger than the second member?

a.

Li + ; Be 2+

b.

Li + ; Na+

c.

Li + ; Li

d.

Be ; Mg

109.

Which would be expected to be the most

electronegative?

a.

P

b.

As

c.

Si

d.

Al

110.

Predict which element would have the

largest difference between its first and second

ionization energies.

a. Sodium

b. Phosphorus

c. Silicon

d. magnesium

111. In which reaction is the energy term

referred to as the ionization energy?

a.

NaCl(crystal) + energy """" Na + (g) + Cl (g)

b.

Cl(g) + energy "Cl + + e

c.

Cl(g) + e """" Cl (g) + energy

d.

Cl g) + H + (g) """" HCl(g) + energy

112.

Based on their positions in the periodic

table, which is most likely to replace selenium, Se, in a biological system?

a.

Te

b.

Br

c.

As

d.

I

113.

Which conditions favor the high solubility

of

a gas in a liquid?

a.

high pressure, high temperature

b.

high pressure, low temperature

c.

low pressure, high temperature

d.

low pressure, low temperature

114.

Ionic compounds in the solid state at room

temperature are generally characterized by their

a.

ability to conduct an electric current.

b.

high vapor pressures.

c.

solubility in polar solvents.

d.

solubility in nonpolar solvents.

e.

low melting points.

115.

Which precipitate will not dissolve in

aqueous HCl solution?

a.

AgBr

b.

BaCO 3

c.

CaSO 3

d.

Fe(OH) 3

e.

ZnS

116.

A cellophane bag, which acts as a

membrane permeable only to water, contains a 2

M sugar solution. The bag is immersed in a 1 M

sugar solution. What will happen?

a. The bag will soon contain more solution that will be are concentrated than 2 M.

b. The bag will soon contain more solution that will be less concentrated than 2 M.

c. The bag will lose sugar and the solution in it will become less concentrated.

d. The bag will lose water and the solution in it will become more concentrated.

e. There will be no change.

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

Page 12of 18

117. If 0.400 g of a substance R (MW = 80.0

g/mol) is dissolved in 100 g of liquid Q, what is

a.

40 g./mol

the molality of the solution?

b.

200 g/mol

c.

100 g./mol

a.

4.00x10 3 m

d.

400 g/mol

b.

5.00x10 2 m

e.

128 g./mol

c.

5.00 x 10 3 m

d.

4.00 x 10 1 m

123.

When dilute aqueous solutions of lead(II)

118.

What is the mole fraction of water in 200. g

nitrate and potassium bromide are mixed, a precipitate is observed. The products of this

of 95% (by mass) ethanol, C 2 H 5 OH (mw = 46.0 g/mol)?

reaction are

 

a.

Pb 2+ (aq) + Br 1- (aq) + KNO 3 (s)

 

a.

0.050

b.

Br 2 (aq) + NO 2 (g) + PbK 2 (s)

b.

0.12

c.

PbO(s) + K + (aq) + Br 1- (aq) + NO 2 (g)

c.

0.56

d.

PbBr 2 (s) + K + (aq) + NO 3 1- (aq)

d.

0.88

 

124.

Assuming ideal behavior, what is the vapor

119.

A 0.10 m aqueous solution of HF shows a

pressure of a solution of 16.0 mol of carbon tetrachloride and 4.00 mol of dioxane at 23 o C?

freezing point of - 0.198 o C. What is the percent dissociation of HF? Molal freezing point constant, K f for water = 1 .86 o C/m

   

Vapor Pressure @ 23 o C

 
 

Carbon tetrachloride

100. mm Hg

a.

6.4%

 

Dioxane

38.00 mm Hg

b.

10%

c.

20%

a.

50.4 mmHg

d.

98%

b.

62.8 mmHg

 

c.

74.2 mmHg

120.

A 0.10 m solution of MgSO 4 freezes

d.

87.6 mmHg

at -0.245 o C instead of 2 x (- 0.186 o C) as predicted for ideal behavior. This deviation from

125.

What is the empirical formula for the

 

ideality can best be explained on the basis of

a.

interionic attraction.

b.

hydrogen bonding.

c.

the Le Chatelier principle.

d.

the solubility product constant

121.

Which aqueous solution has the smallest

freezing point depression?

a.

0.2 m Ca(NO 3 ) 2

b.

0.2 m MgSO 4

c.

0.2 m CH 3 OH

d.

0.2 m K 3 PO 4

122.

When one mole of naphthalene is dissolved

in 1000 g of benzene, the freezing point changes from 5.51 o C to 0.41 o C. When 20 g of an unknown organic compound is dissolved in 500 g of benzene, the freezing point of this solution is

5.00 o C. What is the molar mass of the unknown organic compound?

substance with this analysis: Na=54.0%,

B=8.50%, O=37.5%

a.

Na 3 BO

3

b.

Na 4 BO

4

c.

Na 2 B 2 O 3

d.

NaB 2 O 2

126.

A hydrocarbon undergoes complete

combustion to give 0.44g of CO 2 and 0.27 g of H 2 O. What is the simplest (empirical) formula of

the hydrocarbon?

a. C 44 H 27

b. CH 4

c. C 2 H 3

d. CH 3

General Chemistry II Sample Test bank

Page 13of 18

127.

A 6.80 g coin was dissolved in nitric acid

133.

Which change is likely to be accompanied

and

6.21 g of AgCl was precipitated by the

by the greatest increase in entropy?

addition of excess sodium chloride, Calculate the percentage silver in the coin.

a.

b.

N 2 (g) + 3H 2 (g) """" 2NH 3 (g) (at 25 o C)

Ag + (aq) + Cl 1- (aq)" AgCl(s)

Ag + (aq) + Cl 1- (aq) """" AgCl(s) (at 25 o C)

a.

24.7%

c.

CO 2 (s) """" CO 2 (g) (at - 70 o C)

b.

68.7%

d.

H 2 O(g) """" H 2 O(l) (at 100 o C)

c.

75.3%

d.

91.3%

134.

When 45.0 g of an alloy at 100.0 o C is

128.

A 40- mL portion of a 0.1 M MgSO 4

dropped into 100.0 g of water at 25.0 o C the final temperature is 37.0 o C. What is the specific heat

solution contains how many grams of MgSO 4 ?

of the alloy? (for water, specific heat = 4.184 J g -

a.

120 g

1 o C -1 )

b.

24 g

a.

0.423 J g -1 o C -1

c.

0.96 g

b.