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Published by: MickShazan on Dec 29, 2010
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Formula: BaSO4 System: Orthorhombic Lustre: Vitreous, Pearly Colour: Colourless, white Hardness: 3 - 3½

Name: Named from the Greek βάρος, weight, for Barite; and βάρσς, heavy, for Barytes, due to its unusual heaviness for a non-metallic mineral. Isostructural with: Anglesite

Baryte Group.

Baryte-Celestine Series. The barium analogue of Celestine.

Typically found as thick to thin tabular crystals, usually in clusters with the crystals growing parallel to one another, or nearly so. Also as bladed, white masses. Baryte, or barite, (BaSO4) is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate. The barite group consists of baryte, celestite, anglesite and anhydrite. Baryte itself is generally white or colorless, and is the main source of barium. Baryte and celestite form a solid solution (Ba,Sr)SO4 together.

Names and history The radiating form, sometimes referred to as Bologna Stone, attained some notoriety among alchemists for the phosphorescent specimens found in the 1600s near Bologna by Vincenzo Cascariolo. The name baryte is derived from the Greek word βαρύς (heavy). The American spelling barite is used by USGS and more often used in modern Scientific journals. The International Mineralogical Association adopted "barite" as the official spelling when it formed in 1959[citation needed], but recommended adopting the older "baryte" spelling in 1978, notably ignored by the Mineralogical Society of America.

Connecticut. Kentucky. hydrothermal. localities include Baia Sprie. barytite. . heavy media separation. and Barberton Mountain Land. De Kalb. Uses Some 77% worldwide is used as a weighting agent for drilling fluids in oil and gas exploration. The term "primary baryte" refers to the first marketable product. tabling. it is not considered to be a toxic chemical by most governments because of its extreme insolubility. Baryte has been found in locations in Cheshire.The American Petroleum Institute specification API 13/ISO 13500 which governs baryte for drilling purposes does not refer to any specific mineral. which includes crude baryte (run of mine) and the products of simple beneficiation methods. Although baryte contains a "heavy" metal (barium). but rather a material that meets that specification. an addition to industrial products. paper. Other uses are in added-value applications which include the car. Georgia. Cumberland. Fort Wallace. Baryte that is used as an aggregate in "heavy" cement is crushed and screened to a uniform size. rubber. and there are further premiums for whiteness and brightness and color. or tiff. in hot spring deposits. Cornwell. North Carolina. and Surrey in the UK. South Africa. Outside of the USA. uniform size before it is used as filler or extender. filler applications commanding higher prices following intense physical processing by grinding and micronising. radiation shielding and medical applications (barium meals). and glass ceramics and paint industry. and evaporation among others. Mineral associations and locations Baryte occurs in a large number of depositional environments. scbwerspath. jigging. Derbyshire. or a weighting agent in petroleum well drilling mud. Westmoreland. barytes. Baryte is supplied in a variety of forms and the price depends on the amount of processing. Most baryte is ground to a small. and as a white pigment for textiles. and paint. such as washing. and Missouri in the USA. and magnetic separation. flotation. Other names Baryte has gone by other names such as barytine. TV screen. Baryte is used in the manufacture of paints and paper. in practice this is usually the mineral baryte. Most crude baryte requires some upgrading to minimum purity or density. Historically baryte was used for the production of barium hydroxide for sugar refining. Romania. and with hematite ore. New York. and is deposited through a large number of processes including biogenic. Virginia. Baryte commonly occurs in lead-zinc veins in limestone. New Mexico as well as quarried in Connecticut. Heavy Spar. It is often associated with the minerals anglesite and celestine. and in some meteorites. Tennessee. It has also been identified in meteorites. electronics.

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