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# MECHANICAL STRENGTH CALCULATION `

Working Pressure

24 Kg/cm² (g) 25 Kg/cm² (a)

Design Pressure
Working Temperature Design Temperature Hydro Test Pressure SHELL THICKNESS UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE---------------MATERIAL UNCORR. INSIDE DIAMETER = D DESIGN PRESSURE CORROSION ALLOWANCE P = =C

28 Kg/cm² (a) 218 246 41.25 UG 27 SA 516 GR. 70 1600 0.286 1.5 801.5 E p d = =S E (p-d)/p 780 151 0.806 14.090 KG/MM2 MM MM MM KG/MM2 MM MM

CORRODED INSIDE RADIUS = R LIGAMENT EFFICIENCEY MIN. PITCH IN SHELL DIA OF HOLE LIGAMENT EFFICIENCEY MAX. ALLOW. STRESSES

REQRD. THICKNESS

= tr tr =

(P*R/(S*E-0.6*P))+C 21.98 32 MM MM

ADOPTED WALL THICKNESS OF THE SHELL = HENCE OKAY.

MECHANICAL STRENGTH CALCULATION

Tubesheet thickness under Internal PressureCalculations A) the Minimum thickness of the stay tubes asper UG 47 Sec VIII Div I

P t = p SC

Where

p is the maximum pitch in the tube sheet 27 Kg/cm²(G)

119 mm 28 Kg/cm² (A) = 0.28

P is the maximum working pressure

S is the maximum allowable pressure C is the correction factor Mean diameter dm t t = = =

14.07 Kg/mm² 2.2 (63.5+53.74)/2 = 58.62

273x SQRT(0.28/(14.07*2.25)) 11.3 mm

Hence provided thickness

t

=

32 mm

B) Load to be supported by the Stay tubes as per ASME Sec -VIII The Maximum allowable working pressure for stay tubes as per UG 47 t² x S C P = p² Allowable stress as per code ASME Sec II part D = S = 14.07 Kg/mm² C = 2.2 p = 119 mm dm = 58.62 mm P = 32² x 14.07 x 2.2 119² 2.2383233 kg/mm² 223.83233 Kg/cm²

P

=

a) Required area of the stay tube at minimum cross section A = PI() x dm x t = 5893 mm² 58.93 cm²

58. B) Check for actual load on Unsupported Tube Sheet area as per UG -50 As per tube sheet drawing attached.93 3055 Kgs 3. Design pressure on the shell side = 27 Kg/cm²(g) 28 Kg/cm² (a) Actual Load on the Unsupported area = = = 28 x PI()/4 x (27.MECHANICAL STRENGTH CALCULATION Load = P x A = 13191 Kg 13.055 Tons 26.51 mm² 9. = 2 x 13.191 26.191 tons Maximum load on Two stay tubes (as per drawing enclosed) As per UG 50 ASME Sec VIII.1 = = = = Max Load / Maximum allowable Stress 13191/14.31 cm² whereas we have provided cross sectional area of the stay tube of 58.3)² .07 937.381 a)Therefore Required cross sectional area of stay tubes = A A A Taking Margin of 10% = 9. two nos of stay tubes carry the load due to unsuppoerted area of tube sheet.381 Where as maximum load on stay tubes (2) holding unsupported tube sheet = Hence from Eqn 5 & Eqn 6 The stay tube area is adequeatly designed to carry the unsupported area of the tube sheet as per ASME Sec VIII .93 cm² and hence it is safe.375067 cm² 10.37x 1.

62 mm 41.24 58.86 Eqn 2 Eqn 3 .4 Kg/mm² 53.Eqn 1 48.74 117.

7193 Eqn 4 Eqn 5 Eqn 6 Tons .13190.

0.28 16.07 .41 mm 32 mm 3 .5 1492 mm 1495 mm 14.0.MECHANICAL STRENGTH CALCULATIONS Dished end thickness calculations As per UG 32.41 mm Therefore required thickness t Provided thickness t = = 16.28 Kg/mm² 1. The required thickness of the dished end of semiellipsodial form shall be determine by ( PxD) t = ( 2 S E .28 x 1492 t = 2 x 14.2 x 0.2 x P) + C Maximum working Pressure P = 28 Kg/cm² 0.07 Kg/mm² 1 Corrosion allowance UnCorroded Inside Diameter Corroded Inside Diameter Allowable Stress C D Di S E = = = = = 0.

.

6 x P) + C = (1407 x 1 .5 0.5 149.5 = #REF! mm #REF! #REF! mm mm 1.68 = 3.2 mm C) D) Thickness of nozzle selected as lower of (B) and (C) is The final nozzle thickness is selected as higher of (B) and (D) is Therefore.99 mm + 1.49 + C = (1206 x 1 .00 mm Adopted thickness of Nozzle: B) Nozzle size : = 7.0.0.875 x 3.5 R = 24. the nozzle thickness is higher for D is Adopted thickness is = = 1.25 > Also from overall design consideration.5 mm for Nozzle 12.83 cm 0. Blow down Nozzle size : 40 NB OD 27 Kg/cm² (g) 48.3 mm 28 Kg/cm² (a) 1.5% = Thickness t = 0.99 mm 1.14 x 0.83 cm (28 x 24.07 Kg/mm² Max Pressure : Corrosion allowance : Max allowable stress for Nozzle material: Max allowable stress for Shell material: A) The Minimum required thickness of shell for internal pressure Shell Inner Diameter: ID R E ( PxR) t = ( S E .6) 1.99 mm 7.14 7.6 x P) = As per ASME Sec VIII of Standard Nozzle thickness = Taking Thinning allowance 12.5 = 3.99 mm 1.MECHANICAL STRENGTH CALCULATIONS Nozzle thickness calculations: Drain Nozzle.6 x 28) = 1492 mm 746 mm 1 (28 x 74.the nozzle should have thickness of = #REF! Therefore For 40 NB Nozzle we provided 160 Sch So that thickness selected is 7.2 cm 74.0.5 mm for shell 1203 Kg/cm² 1407 Kg/cm² 4.25 mm #### mm Therefore 6.03 Kg/mm² 14.99 mm 48.2) + 1.14 mm > Hence it is safe .22+1.5 = 6.50 1.6 cm Joint Efficiency = 1.25 mm 1.0.875 = 6.6 x 28) 1.28 Kg/mm² 1.14 mm The minimum thickness of Nozzle as per ASME Sec-VIII 40 NB OD ( PxR) t = ( S E .3 mm 4.

0.07 Kg/mm² A) The Minimum required thickness of shell for internal pressure Shell Inner Diameter: ID R E ( PxR) t = ( S E . the nozzle thickness is higher for D is Adopted thickness is = = 3.83 cm (28 x 84.00 mm Adopted thickness of Nozzle: B) Nozzle size : = 18.6 x 28) 1.19 mm + 1.875 = 15.6 cm Joint Efficiency = 1.0.5 mm for Nozzle 12.875 x 3.2) + 1.68 = 6.26 18.26 mm > Hence it is safe .26 x 0.3 mm 27 Kg/cm² (g) 28 Kg/cm² (a) 1.5 1.the nozzle should have thickness of = #REF! Therefore For 150 NB Nozzle we provided 160 Sch So that thickness selected is 18.6 x P) + C = (1407 x 1 .22+1.5 = #REF! mm #REF! #REF! mm mm 3.5 149.19 mm 3.69 + C = (1206 x 1 .2 cm 74.19 mm 18.61 mm #### mm Therefore 15.0.98 > Also from overall design consideration.03 Kg/mm² 14.26 mm The minimum thickness of Nozzle as per ASME Sec-VIII 150 NB OD ( PxR) t = ( S E .MECHANICAL STRENGTH CALCULATIONS Nozzle thickness calculations: Nozzle size : 150 NB Max Pressure : Corrosion allowance : Max allowable stress for Nozzle material: Max allowable stress for Shell material: Riser & Down comer Stubs OD 168.6 x 28) = 1492 mm 746 mm 1 (28 x 74.19 mm 168.5 R = 84.19 mm 3.5 = 3.6) 1.5 = 8.28 Kg/mm² 1.0.50 1.5 mm for shell 1203 Kg/cm² 1407 Kg/cm² 16.2 mm C) D) Thickness of nozzle selected as lower of (B) and (C) is The final nozzle thickness is selected as higher of (B) and (D) is Therefore.3 mm 16.5% = Thickness t = 0.98 mm 3.83 cm 0.6 x P) = As per ASME Sec VIII of Standard Nozzle thickness = Taking Thinning allowance 12.

00 120376.00 140723.. Of nozzle Corr Nozzle Thk Max.00 1 1 1. trn = P*0.5*dn/(Sn*E-0.. Limit of Reinforcement ….UG 36.5 32 30.40 P Sv Sn Sp E F C Ts T = = = = = = = = = 2800 140723.5 kg/mm² kg/mm² kg/mm² kg/mm² fr1 = (MIN Sn/Sv. Inside dia.059 15.25 mm mm mm mm 2d or 2(Rn+tn+t) Whicherever is larger 2d Rn=d/2 2(Rn+tn+t) = = = = = = = = 1200 300 726. 40 d t dn tn = = = = 600 32 598.UG 36.5 31.1) fr2 = (MIN Sn/Sv.00 Pad outside Dia Provided Pad thk.6*P) tr = P*0.Mechanical Strength Calculations OPENING REINFORCEMENTS Design Pressure Allowable stress of shell Allowable stress of nozzle Allowable stress of Pad Joint efficiency Factor of safety Corrosion allowance Uncorroded thk of shell Corroded thk of shell MANHOLE OPENING OD of Nozzle Thk of nozzle Corr.1) …. 37.67 250.6*P) Height of nozzle Dp te trn tr h .37.1) fr3 = (MIN SP/Sv.5 800 25 7.1) fr4 = (MIN SP/Sv.5*d/(Sv*E-0.

In comp. Pad A4 A5 = = = Total available Area = = .Mechanical Strength Calculations Area Required A = = (dn*tr*F)+2*tn*tr(1-fr) 9518 d*(Ts-tr) 9799.65 2*(t-C)*fr1*h 13045.5 A1+A2+A3+A4+A5 27460.74 2*(tn-trn)*te*fr1 1034.91 m² (Greater than Required) Hence Okay mm² Area available in shell A1 = = Area availble in nozzle outside A2 = = Area availble in nozzle inside A3 = = Area in fillet weld Area ava.02 144 (Dp-d-2*tn)*te*fr4 3437.

69 32 te t tr tn trn d mm = = = = = = F Dist. in the Plane under consideration of the finished opening = = 5.40 = ID230 x ID 127 x 32 Thk PR --------------SE-0. Of nozzle projects inward from the outer surface of the vessel wall h = = .54 mm kg/mm² Minimum required thickness t = Maximum allowable Pressure Outside Diameter of Nozzle P D a b D = = = = = = = Max. allowable Stress Corrosion allowance S C 140720.5 t Provided thickness is Thickness of attached reinforcing pad. thk.6P 2800.UG 36.00 a²/b 230 127 416..thk of nozzle wall Dia. Of vessel wall Nominal thickness of nozzle Reqd.00 kg/mm² 1.37. mm Thickness of vessel wall Reqd.Mechanical Strength Calculations HAND HOLE OPENING IN SHELL Size ….

in nozzle projecting inward (2xtnxfr1xh) Area available in outward nozzle weld (WL1² x fr2) Area available in inward nozzle weld (WL3² x fr2) Area provided through compensation pad Total Area (A1+A2+A3+A4+A5+Ac) A2 = A3 A4 A5 Ac = = = = = .5 t fr1) or 2(tn .5 tn+ te) fr1 (use minimum value) Area avail.Mechanical Strength Calculations Allowable stress in nozzle Allowable stress in vessel Allowable stress in reinforcement Sn/Sv for nozzle wall inserted through vessel (Lesser of Sn or Sp)/Sv Sp/Sv Area Required (d + 2tn)trF Sn Sv Sp fr1 fr2 fr3 A A1 = = = = = = = = Area available in shell (use larger value) (d-2tn)(t-F tr) or 2 t (t .F tr) Area available in nozzle projecting outward 2(tn .trn)(2.trn)(2.

.

1) = (MIN SP/Sv.0 36 .1) 0.1) = (MIN SP/Sv.9 0.1) = (MIN Sn/Sv.= (MIN Sn/Sv.0 1.9 1.

(Greater than Required) .

40 32 20.60 32 5.69 127 1 64 .

94 mm² 4096 144 144 21600 30922.140720.00 1 1 1 3934.54 mm² mm² mm² mm² > A Hence OK .60 mm² mm² 4208.00 140720.00 140720.60 729.

.

094 5.5% thinning allowance Hence Required thickness ADOPTED WALL THICKNESS OF THE SHELL = = = Hence Okay . INSIDE DIAMETER DESIGN PRESSURE P D = = = = = = = SA 516 GR.0. 70 406 0.5 4.The required thickness of dished head of semiellipsoidal form shall be determined by P x D t = C ( 2 x S x E .28 x 703)/(2 x 14.58 4.2*P))+C ((0.07 x 1 -0.6 x 0.07 KG/MM2 MM KG/MM2 MM MM CORROSION ALLOWANCE (SHELL) C CORRODED INSIDE DIAMETER JOINT EFFICIENCEY MAX.88 10.CAP OF MAN HOLE STUBS As per ASME Sec VIII UG 32. THICKNESS tr1 = = = ((P*D1)/(2*S*E-0.28))+1. STRESSES E S D1 REQRD.2 x P) MATERIAL UNCORR.5 tr1 Taking 12. ALLOW.46 = 32 MM MM MM MM 1.28 1.5 409 1 14.