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GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENT

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low) Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low) LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Control Measures

Use of Scaffold 1. Fall from platform. 2. Falls of material from platforms. 3. Collapse of scaffold. 4. Overloading.

Personel injuries (Worker/personels who work on the platform & at the ground)

HIGH

1. Guard rails and toe boards must be fiited where persons can fall more than 2m. 2. Tower scaffold will be erected, altered or dismalted by trained operatives in accordance with manufactures's specification. 3. The safe working load will be displayed on the structure which will not be exceeded.

Excavations 5. Collaps of unsupported excavations. 6. Falling into unfenced excavations. 7. Materials or equipment/ plant falling into excavations. 8. Struck by excavator. 9. Cutting into underground electricity cables.

Personel injuries, personesl who have activity in/around excavation area.

HIGH

1. Identified location of underground services & fencing of overhead power lines. 2. Planned provision and use of trench support equipment. 3. Adequate fencing or covering for excavations and excavations back filled as soon as practicable. 4. Materials to be stock piled clear of the excavation 1.5m from the edge of the excavation. 5. Safety helmets to be worn by all operatives working in the excavation or close to excavations. 6. Only correct and tested lifting equipment to be used. 7. Excavators and other plant to be operated by trained, certified and authorized operators.

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low) MEDIUM

Working in Confined Spaces 10. Working atmosphere toxic, Personel who work at explosive or deficient in confine space area. Oxygen. 11. In rush of liquid gasses or solids. 12. Exposure to disease bearing organisms. 13. Evacuation of sick or injured person.

HIGH

1. Atmosphere to be tested before entry. 2. Atmosphere to be constantly monitored during work. 3. Work Permit System applied. 4. All access points for effluent or process materials to be locked off or sealed. 5. Rescue equipment to be provided and all workers to wear safety harness, helmets and protective clothing. 6. Workers to be warned of health risk specific to mtheir task and be provide with written information on these risks, to present to their Doctor in the event of illness.

Working Near Buried Services 14. Contact with underground Electric shock - to power cables causing danger personel to persons. Rupturing of gas pipes 15. leading to leaks, fire or explosion. Rupturing of water pipes 16. causing flooding and damage. Cutting of underground 17. telecomunications and interrupting services. Rupturing of drains, sewers, 18. culverts etc., causing health hazards.

HIGH

1. Prior to commencement of excavations all public and local untilities will be requested to provide information of services in the ground in proposed work area. 2. Where services are believed to be present, steps will be taken to establish exact position and routes which will b eidentified and marked. 3. Any damage to burried services must be reported to the appropriate utility immidiately. 4. If an electricity cable is struck, everyone should b ekept clear of the area until made safe. 5. If a gas pipe is ruptured, persons in the area should be excavated and steps taken to prevent ignition of gas.

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low) LOW

Crane Operations 19. Crane overturning - ground unsuitable, overloading, etc. Arcing or contact with 20. overhead cables or other obstructions. Materials falling during 21. lifting operations. Failure of lifting gear or 22. equipment.

- Crane operator - Rigger - Signal Man - Helper - Supervisor

HIGH

1. Craning operations will be supervised by a competent person other than crane driver. 2. Appropriate test certificates in respect of appliance and lifting gear will be examined and copies retained on site. 3. Driver of crane will hold a certificate of competence to drive (copy to be on site) and responsible for daily maintenance and completion of records. 4. Surface from which mobile crane is to operate will be prepared and checked to ensure stability. 5. Under no circumstances will appliance safe working load be exceeded. 6. All overhead electric cables will be identified. 7. Site Management is responsible for the safe operation of cranes NOT the crane driver. 1. Excavator will only be driven by trained competent operatives over the age 18 years, who are horlders of certificate of competence, copy of which will be retained with site records. 2. An excavator driver will be responsible for ensuring machine is not misused, is property maintained in accordance with manufacture's instructions and reporting of defects. 3. Excavators must not operate within 6m of overhead power cables when boom is fully extended. 4. Before excavation ground survey will be made to locate any underground services and prevent damage or injury.

Use of Excavators 23. Machine overturning. - Operator 24. Materials or equipment - Member of public & falling from machine. workmen 25. Members of public or workmen being endangered by machine operation. Machine arching with or 26. coming into contact with overhead cables or underground services.

HIGH

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low) LOW

Pilling Operations 27. Contact with underground services. 28. Arcing or contact with overhead cables. 29. Overturning of pilling rig. 30. Materials or equipment falling from pilling rig. 31. Falls from pilling rig. 32. Overturning of plant associated with pilling.

- Operator - Workmen

HIGH

1. Survey will be conducted of area to be pilled to locate underground services, location of which will be marked, warning notices posted and necessary barries erected. 2. All hazards, which could affect stability of pilling rig, will be identified, e.g. ground conditions, cellars etc. and necessary precautions taken. 3. Method Statement will be prepared in writing and made available. 4. All lifting appliances and gear must have appropriate certificates of test, copies of which will be retained at side level. 5. All operatives will wear safety helmets and use safety harness if necessary.

Welding 33. Fire and explosives. 34. Burns. 35. Eye Injuries and Arc Eye . 36. Electric Shock. 37. Exposure to Fumes and Gases. 38. Exposure to heat. 39. Respiratory disease.

- Welder - Personel who work around wleding area

HIGH

1. Welding will only be carried out by trained operatives. 2. All cylinders used in welding should be kept and moved in trolleys or securely fastened in vertical position. 3. All equipment will b eused in accordance with manufacture's instructions and must be inspected before use to ensure it is safe. 4. Operatives will wear protective clothing and necessary eye, hearing and respiratory protection. 5. Area of work will be screened as necessary to protect others from welding hazards. 6. Fire Extinguisher will always be situated near work area.

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low)

Demolition 40. Premature collapse of - Personel who work building or part of building. around demolition Damage to property area. 41. adjacent to site of demolition. Falls from the working place 42. or acces. Falls of materials. 43. Explosion, fire or 44. electrocution. Health hazards to operatives 45. and others e.g. Contaminants, asbestos, lead, dust etc.

HIGH

1. Adjacent property, building or part of building to be demolished will be surveyed and a report, in writing, prepared as to findings. 2. A detailed Method Statement will be prepared and submitted for approval of management before work commences to cover mathod of demolition, access, protection of workforce and members of public, arrangements for making safe gas, electric supplies, methods for dealing with flammable or other hazardous materials, dist suppression, transport and disposal of waste, and Health & Welfare arrangements. 3. A competent person will be appointed to supervise work.

LOW

Work Creating Excessive Noise 46. Damage to hearing. Person who work near 47. Nuisance to local residents. operation of heavy equipment (excavator, crane etc.)

MEDIUM

1. Noise will be reduced to lowest level possible and where persons are exposed to noise at or above first action level or peak action level. Assessment will be made by a competent person and action taken in accordance with reagulations to protect both operatives and members of public.

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low) LOW

Use of Ladders 48. Falls from ladders. 49. Ladders collapsing.

Personel who work using ladders (civil, mechanical).

HIGH

1. Suitable ladders only will be permitted to be used and must be free from defect. 2. Ladders will carry an identification mark and be inspected before use and by a competent person every 3 months. 3. Ladders will be set on firm level base, at angle of 75 degree at the top where practicable, by lashing on both stiles, or if not possible 'footed' or lashed at the bottom and prevented from sagging and swaying. 4. Ladders will not be misused. 5. Only one person will be on a ladder at any time. 6. Both hands must be free for holding a ladder. 7. Heavy loads must not be carried either ascending or descending ladders. 8. Oparatives, working from a ladder, must not over reach.

Erection of Structures in Steel and Concrete 50. Falls from ladders. Erection team 51. Falls of material from height. Structural collapse. 52. Lifting appliances 53. overturning. Arcing, contact or damage to 54. overhead and underground services.

HIGH

1. SURVEY OF SITE TO BE CONDUCTED to determine condition of ground and safe routes of access for vehicular traffic, location of any overhead and underground services, proximity of other buildings and members of public, anticipated activities of other contractors and any suspected contamination. 2. METHOD STATEMENT TO BE PREPARED in logical planned sequence of action. Statement to include details of structure and person responsible for supervision, vehicular access to and from site, delivery squence, storage, of appliance and gear requirements, crane siting (plan), preparation of hard standing for crane, appointment of competent person to supervise lifting operations, slinging method to be used,

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low)

detailed method of erection to ensure stability, means of access to the workplace (if practicable, Hydraulic Platform should be used). Access along beams and any other safety factors to considered e.g. restricted area, wearing harness and helmets etc. 3. Method statement to be checked and approved. 4. Erection of structure will be monitored. No deviation from Method Statement will be permitted without approval from client.

Portable Power Tools 55. Electric shock. Workmen team who 56. Hair or clothing becoming use portable tools to entangled in moving parts. perform their job. 57. Eye injuries from dust, swarf or other fragments. 58. Wrist and hand injuries, due to tool jamming or binding. Vibration with finger (note 59. reportable disease). Air lines becoming detached 60. or bursting due to damage.

MEDIUM

1. All power feeds, electrical, pneumatic or hydraulic, to be to Safety Standard and maintained in good condition. 2. Loose clothing and long hair to be kept clear of mowing parts of power tools. 3. Eye protection to be worn at all times where there is a reasonably foreseeable risk of eye injury. 4. Operatives to be trained in the correct use of power tools. 5. Tools producing high levels of vibration to have padded handle to reduce the risk of vibration with finger.

LOW

Identification of Significant Hazards

Person at Risk

Risk to Person Prior to Control Measure (High/ Medium/ Low)

Control Measures

Overall Level of Residual Risk After Implementation of Control Measures (High/ Medium/ Low)

Use of Abrasive Wheel Machine 61. Operatives being injured by Personel use abrasive contact white or 'bursting' or wheel machine disintegration of wheel. (cutting, grinding etc.) Abbrasive particles causing 62. eye injuries. Damage to hearing from 63. exposure to noise. Health hazards arising from 64. exposure to dust and abrasive particles. HIGH 1. Abrasive wheel machines will only be used by trained competent operatives. 2. Suitable abrasive wheels will be selected for each work process. 3. Abrasive wheel machines will not be used unless suitable guards are fitted to contain fragments of bursting wheel. 4. Area in which machine is to be used will be clear and free of obstructions. 5. Noise will be reduced to lowest possible level and where action levels are likely to be reached, assessments will be conducted, information given to all persons likely to be affected, ear protection provided, which must be worn when required. 6. Where dust is likely to be a hazard to health, suitable Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) WILL BE PROVIDED AND WORN. LOW

Manual Handling 65. Operatives sustaining back Logistic man, workmen injury. (civil) 66. Operatives sustaining injury to limbs

MEDIUM

1. Where there is a risk of injury from the manual handling of materials, equipment etc. an assessment will be made in writing, detailing control measures, and operatives given instruction. 2. Conduct individual Manual handling risk assessment.

LOW

Prepared by:

HSE Coordinator