Drug

Action

Indication

Contraindicati on

Dosage

Side Effects

Nursing Responsibilitie s

Generic Name: Clonazepam Brand Name: Klonopin

-Probably facilitates the effects of the inhibitory neurotransmitt er GABA.

-LennoxGaustat syndrome, atypical absence seizures, akinetic and mycolonic seizures. -Panic disorder -Acute manic episodes of bipolar disorder -Adjunct treatment for schizophrenia -Periodic leg movements during sleep -Parkinsonian dysarthria

-Use cautiously in patients with mixed type seizures because drug may cause generalized tonic-clonic seizures. -Use cautiously in children and in patients with chronic respiratory disease or open-angle glaucoma. -Contraindicat ed in patients hypersensitive to benzodiazepin es and in those with significant hepatic

Adult: 1.5 mg P.O daily in three divided doses. Children: 0.01 to 0.03 mg P.O daily in two or three divided doses.

-Drowsiness -Abnormal eye movements -Anorexia -Dysuria -Leukopenia -Shortness of breath -Skin rashes

-Watch for behavioral disturbances esp. in children. -Don’t stop drug abruptly because this may worsen seizures. Call prescriber at once if adverse reactions develop. -Assess elderly patient’s response closely. -Monitor patient for oversedation. -Monitor CBC and liver function tests.

disease or acute angle closure glaucoma.

-Withdrawal symptoms are similar to those of barbiturates