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Printed Book No. Apr 2002 1810738-02 V 1
Published by: Alfa Laval Tumba AB Marine & Diesel Equipment SE . . Any comments regarding possible errors and omissions or suggestions for improvement of this publication would be gratefully appreciated.Alfa Laval reserves the right to make changes at any time without prior notice. Copies of this publication can be ordered from your local Alfa Laval company.147 80 Tumba Sweden © Copyright Alfa Laval Tumba AB 2002.
...2 1...................4 Principle ................................4 2 The Process.. 5 2.........Contents 1 System Overview .........2 2.................................................................5 Process Cycle Start .........1 System Layout ..........................9 1810738-02 ...........................6 Discharge ...............1 1......3 2................3 Oil Flow ..............................................1 2.........................8 Increased Water Content . 1 1..2 System Components ......
such as increased water content in the unprocessed oil. during alarm conditions. The control unit supervises the entire operation of the separation system. Ancillary equipment including control unit. etc. Settling tank Change-over valve Backpressure regulating valve Pump Heater Separator Daily service tank P003714A 1810738-02 1 . During separator start and stop procedures. operating at a constant flow. vibration sensor. The cleaned oil is pumped from the separator to either the daily service tank (fuel oil). Optional equipment such as. etc.1 Oil Flow The unprocessed oil is fed through a heater by a feed pump. the oil is directed by the change-over valve to a return line back to the engine sump or settling tank. 1. Heated oil is fed through the separator to clean the oil from solid particles and water. The basic separation unit comprises: Cleaned oil leaves the separator through the oil outlet while separated water and sludge accumulate at the periphery of the rotating separator bowl. control. butterfly valve. • • • A separator. The process adapts automatically to certain changes in conditions. A change-over valve directs the oil to the separator. high or low oil feed temperature. and fuel oil for gas turbine engines. performing monitoring.SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW 1 System Overview The SA Separation System is designed for cleaning of fuel and lube oils for diesel engines. and alarm functions. or back to the engine (lube oil). or if the oil temperature is outside the preset range. in marine and power applications.
TT2) Measures the oil temperature and signals the control unit. Unprocessed oil inlet Oil return Conditioning water Opening water Water inlet Closing water Solenoid valve block. oil (PT1) Measures the pressure in the oil inlet. or back to the settling tank (recirculation – fuel oil only). Temperature transmitter (TT1. Separator Cleans the oil by removing water and solid particles. Feed pump Feeds unprocessed oil to the separator.2 System Layout Heater Heats unprocessed oil to separation temperature. Pressure transmitter.1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 1. and signals the control unit. and conditioning water. Pneumatically controlled change-over valve (V1) Directs the unprocessed oil to the separator. water Additional equipment not part of the SA System Distributes separator opening/ closing water. Sludge outlet 2 1810738-02 .
1810738-02 3 . Water transducer (MT50) Measures change in water content in the cleaned oil. and signals the control unit. Pneumatically controlled shut-off valve (V4) Closes the clean oil outlet. oil (PT4) Measures the pressure in the oil outlet. Clean oil outlet to service tank Water drain Pressure transmitter. and signals the control unit. Regulating valve (RV4) To manually regulate the backpressure in the clean oil outlet. water (PT5) Measures the pressure in the water drain outlet.SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW Control unit Supervises the separation system. Pressure transmitter. and signals the control unit. Drain valve (V5) Opens to drain separated water from the separator.
1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 1.3 System Components Control unit EPC50 M AN CIP CIP AUT AUT Combined regulating valve (RV4) and shut-off valve (V4) Clean oil outlet Temperature transmitter (TT1.TT2) Pressure transmitter. oil inlet (PT1) Oil inlet Operating Operating air water Water transducer (MT50) Oil recirculation Pressure transmitter. oil outlet (PT4) Change-over valve (V1) Oil in Pressure transmitter. water (PT5) Oil out Water out Drain valve (V5) Sludge outlet 4 1810738-02 P0 0 3 7 3 6 A .
sludge and water accumulate at the periphery of the separator bowl. the oil inlet is closed. During discharge. in which a reference value is stored. The control unit compares the transducer signal with the reference value. Oil Sludge and water Sludge and water are discharged at preset time intervals. Excessive water can also be drained from the separator bowl between discharges. The cleaned oil leaving the separator is tested for traces of water. Any increase in water is detected by the water transducer. A significant deviation from the reference value will cause draining of water. 1810738-02 5 P00356EA P00356DA Water P00356CA P00356BA . Disc stack MT Water transducer The signal from the water transducer is continuously transmitted to the control unit.SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 2 THE PROCESS 2 The Process 2.1 Principle During the separation process.
a sludge discharge is carried out to ensure the bowl is empty. The temperature transmitter (TT) and the speed transmitter (ST) signal the EPC-50 control unit continuously. P0 0 3 5 6 G A 2 The control unit registers the time taken for water addition.2 Process Cycle Start First the oil pump. The control unit then starts the process cycle. separator. This water flow reference value is later used to calculate the correct amount of conditioning water and displacement water to be added. When the correct separator speed and the correct temperature are reached. and heater are started. Conditioning water is added to the separator bowl until the pressure sensor in the oil outlet senses pressure and signals the control unit.2 THE PROCESS SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 2. 6 1810738-02 P00356OA P 0 0 3 5 6 FA . 3 The separator discharges. 1 The change-over valve directs the oil to the recirculation line.
Unprocessed oil is fed to the separator. When pressure in the oil outlet is sensed. the control unit signals the solenoid valve to open so that the correct amount of conditioning water is added to the separator bowl. 1810738-02 7 . P00356MA The cleaning process is now running. the pressure sensor (PT) signals the control unit. The control unit calculates and stores the time taken to add oil to the bowl.SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 2 THE PROCESS 4 Using the flow rate calculated in paragraph 2 above. and clean oil is pumped from the separator. P0 0 3 5 6 N A 5 The change-over valve opens so that oil is directed to the separator bowl.
2 Using the flow rate calculated in paragraph 2 under 2.2 THE PROCESS SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 2. page 6. the separator discharges. and a new separation cycle begins. 8 1810738-02 P00356JA 4 Conditioning water is then added. .3 Discharge The separator discharges after a preset time has elapsed. The following sequence takes place: 1 The change-over valve changes to oil recirculation. P0 0 3 5 6 R A 3 After the calculated time for displacement water addition has elapsed.2 Process Cycle Start. the control unit signals the solenoid valve to open so that displacement water is added to push the oil towards the disc stack.
a discharge is initiated. V5 . the drain valve opens again. and the transducer signal is evaluated.SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 2 THE PROCESS 2. the following takes place: 1 The water drain valve (V5) opens for a number of seconds. 4 If the water content has decreased. 1810738-02 9 P00356KA The water drain valve closes again. the separation cycle returns to normal. If the water content is still high after the drain valve has opened five times. 2 3 If there is still an increase in water content.4 Increased Water Content If the water transducer senses increased water content in the oil.
2 THE PROCESS SA SEPARATION SYSTEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 10 1810738-02 .