Definitions in Ornamental Horticulture

S. ESWARA REDDY

When you are dealing with the growing of flowers you ought to know the terminology needed. Here, you may be able to find some at least.
1. Cut Flower: Cut flowers are fresh flower harvested in clusters / spike or in single along with their stem. 2. Economic Flowers: Economical flowers are those flower crops which are grown on a commercial scale as field crops in certain selected areas of the State for large supply of flowers to market. 3. Loose Flowers: The flowers which are usually harvested without stalk and used for adorning hair, worshiping God and Garlands. 4. Floriculture: It is an aesthetic branch of Horticulture which deals with growing, selling designing and arranging flowers and foliage plant. 5. Commercial Floriculture: This branch deals with the cultivation of economic flowers like Rose, Jasmines, Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, Tuberose etc. production of cut flowers and gift plants. 6. Vase Life of Flowers: How long the flowers kept in the containers remain fresh is referred as vase life of flowers.

7. Landscape Gardening: It consists of planning and arrangement of home gardens. Public garden for bio aesthetic purpose. 8. Ornamenatl Horticulure: It refers to the study of various groups of ornamental plants which are used to decorate indoor and outdoor gardens. 9. Bio - aesthetic Planning: It refers to the proper utilization of the available flora and fauna in the beautification of the surroundings. 10. Photo Period: The duration of light during the course of day is called as photo period. 11. Long Day Plant: The plants which require long light period combined with short dark period to form flower bud and termed as Long day plants e.g. China aster, Calendula. 12. Short Day Plants: The plants which need short light periods combined with long dark periods to form flower bud is known as Short day plants e.g. Cosmos, Chrysanthemum. 13. Day Neutral Plant: The plants which flower any time irrespective of the number of dark or light period are known as day neutral plant e.g. Tuberose, Carnation, Dianthus etc. 14. Aroid: A plant belonging to the Arum Family and including anthuriums, diefnenbachias, monsteras and philodendrons.

15. Corm; A specialized underground organ consisting of an enlarged stem axis with distinct nodes and internodes and enclosed by dry, scaly leaves. 16. Bulb: A specialized underground plant organ consisting of a greatly reduced stem (basal plate) surrounding by fleshy, modified leaves called scales. 17. Bract: Modified leaf, often brightly colored, which subtends a flower, or which enfolds an inflorescence. 18. Rhizome: A rhizome is a subterranean stem that arises from a lateral bud from the main stem at ground level and extends underground near the surface-horizontally. 19. Tubers: Tubers are short. thickened parts of subterranean branches, which store large quantities of plant food, mainly starch. Tubers contain buds in the axils of the reduced leaves. 20. Sucker: Some plants have capacity to produce new stems from the adventitious buds formed on their roots, such new growth are called suckers. Stem suckers are also produced from the base of the stem from below the ground 15-07-2010