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# DESIGN CALCULATION FOR SKYLIGHT STRUCTURE

b. Wind loads calculations as per BS 6399 Part 2, 1997: Wind loads (WL) calculated as per BS 6399 Part 2 1997: Basic hourly mean wind speed assumed as 27 m/s. Design wind speed Vs = Vb x Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp Where, Sa Altitude factor = 1.0 Sd Directional factor = 1.0 Ss Seasonal factor = 1.0 Sp Probability factor = 1.0 Design wind speed Vs = Vb x Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp Design wind speed Vs = 27 X 1 X 1 X 1 X 1 Design wind speed Vs = 27 m/s Wind pressure q = k Ve2 K Constant = 0.613 Effective Wind Speed Ve = Vs X Sb Sb Terrain and Building factor from Table 4 as Site in town exceeding > 2 KM upwind from the site and 10 KM closest distance from sea at height of 30m, By interpolation, Sb = 1.96 Ve = 27 X 1.96 = 52.92 m/s Ve = 52.92 m/s Wind pressure q = 0.613 x (52.92)2 Wind pressure q = 1717 N/m2 or 1.717 KN/m2 From the above mentioned table,

Cp = 0.7, Net wind Pressure = Cp X q Net windward (front face) wind pressure q = 0.70 X 1.717 =1.202 KN/m2 c. Load Combinations Design & Ultimate factors are considered. as per BS standard, UL = 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL UL = 1.4 DL + 1.4 WL And for deflection, UL = 0.9 DL + 0.8 WL IV. Design Method 1 Basic data The skylight structure will be loaded considering the overall lengths and widths are 6.260m and 6.840m respectively with a height of 0.50m above level. The glass is placed on the skylight structure with a maximum size of 1560mm X 850mm distributed along the line loads, whereas the steel sections is placed below the glass to support the glass and structure is checked and verified separately below. Loads are calculated on the spacing between the supporting beams i.e. 1.275m which are as follows: Dead Loads: a) Self Weight to be checked from the program b) loading is calculated as 0.550 X 1.275 = 0.701 KN/m Live Load 0.75 X 1.275 = 0.956 KN/m

Wind Loads: a) Uplift wind load = 1.202 X 1.275 = 1.533 KN/m b) Downward wind load = 1.202 X 1.275 = 1.533 KN/m To check the maximum length of the skylight structure against all the above loading combination and to be on factor of safety (see attached calculations made by the structural program STAADPRO).

Conclusion:
All sections used and connections provided are structurally sufficient and meet its intended purpose.