Unit 5

Salah Sahmoudi Grammar Target Structure: Passive voice Gateway 2 Class: 2 bac Time: 1h New Grammar: Passive Voice Materials: Board, Hand-outs Objectives: SS Should be able to use passive voice Date: 13-02-2014

PROCEDURES A      

W a r m u p a nd P r e s e nt a t i on ( 2 0 m i n) :
TR: Stand in front of your class. Drop a pen on the floor. TR: Asks students to tell you what has just happened and ask them to begin the sentence with TR’s name. SS: should be able to say: “Ms. Salah dropped a pen on the floor.” TR: “Ms. Salah dropped a pen on the floor.” TR: Asks students to identify the subject and the verb in this sentence SS: should say the subject is “Mr. Salah” and that the verb is “dropped”.

TR: Repeats the action and introduces the passive voice.  TR: Drop your pen on the floor one more time.  TR: Tell to students that he will tell them what has just happened, but this time the sentence will begin with, “The pen…”  TR: Goes to the board and write, “The pen was dropped on the floor.”  TR: Asks students to identify the subject;  SS: should say it is the “pen”.  TR: Ask them to identify the verb  TR: should say it is “was dropped”.

 Compare the two sentences  TR: points to the first sentence and ask if the subject is doing the action.  SS: should say it is (Make sure they understand that subject is active, the one responsible for carrying out the action.)

TR: give an example with “were".  Practice passive voice with negative statements  TR: continues carrying out actions around the classroom.  TR: carries out more actions and encourage students to describe what has happened in the passive voice:  TR: puts some books under a chair.Practice (20 min) Practice with more passive voice example. but this time challenge students to make negative statements followed by affirmative statements. in this case “dropped”.Unit 5   TR: Point to the second sentence and ask if the subject is doing the action. the one who is being acted upon.  SS: Books were put under a chair.)     TR: compares what happens to the verbs by Ask students what tense they see in the first example.  TR: closes a book.  SS: A book was closed.  TR: This time drops several pens at the same time.  TR: writes some words on the board.  TR: drops some papers on the floor. Page 2 .  SS: Some words were written on the board.  TR: Gives enough examples to make students comfortable with the use of the past simple in the passive voice. Tell them to start the sentence with “The pens…” See if students figure out they should use “were” instead of “was” this time. B. (Make sure they understand that the subject is passive. SS: should recognize the past simple. TR: Show students what happens in the second sentence: the auxiliary verb “to be” is used in the past tense (“was”) with the past participle. SS: should say it isn’t. Ask students to tell you what has just happened.

A door was closed. . The government repairs streets.Exploitation (20 min)  TR: Place the passive voice in a real life context . cleans monuments. Trees were planted. . Papers were dropped. etc. Discuss what things were done in the last year by the local government. A new hospital was opened. builds schools and hospitals.  SS: Streets were repaired. .  SS: A window wasn't closed. C.Unit 5  SS: Pens weren’t dropped on the floor. The park benches were painted. Encourage students to use the passive voice.Discussion  TR: ask students to brainstorm the types of things that the government does for the population.  TR: closes a door. … Page 3 .