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6 CIRCUMFERENTIAL WELDS OF PIPELINE.
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14 Number of Exposures.
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Film width 70 to 100 mm depend on the weld width.
Film length/Film Coverage Minimum film overlap shall be 40 MM
Technique. SWSI ( SINGLE WALL SINGLE IMAGE)
ONE
Film type AGFA D7 OR EQUIVALENT
Intensifying screens Lead intensifying screens 0.1 mm Front and Back
WELD GEOMENTRY BUTT WELDS.(SINGLE ' V ' )
WELDING METHOD/PROCESS SMAW.
Radiation beam X - Ray Machine 360 for X ray crawler internal
JOB
Material SPEC/GRADE API 5L X 56
APPLICABLE
STANDARDS/SPECIFICATIONS
API 1104, EIL Spec 6 - 77 - 07 Rev 1
Personnel qualification
For Carryout Radiography: NDT Level I as per BARC or
ASNT/SNT/TC/1A
For Interpretation of Radiographs:. NDT Level II as per BARC or
ASNT/SNT/TC/1A
Client. M/S.Punj lloyd Ltd
Project Pune to Sholapur Pipeline Projects / Spread II
NDT Contractor. Industrial X-ray and Allied Radiographers (I) Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai.
Industrial x-ray and Allied Radiographers (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Mumbai.
Procedure No: IXAR/PLL/HPCL/RT 001.
Radiographic Examination Procedure (Internal)
Scope.
Radiographic Examination of Circumferential Butt welds of
pipeline .
Owner M/S.HindustanPetroleum Corporation Ltd.
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Back Scatter Radiation
detection
A lead letter B shall be placed behind the film holder for initial 10 welds
to check whether the back scatter is reaching the film or not. A lighter
image of Letter 'B' on the radiographs clearly indicate the back scatter
protection is needed and the radiographs shall be retaken with sufficient
back scatter protection and further radiographs shall be taken with the
same conditions. A darker image of Letter 'B' is not because of scatter
and need not be rejected. The thickness and height of Lead letter 'B'
shall be min 1.5mm and 12.5 mm respectively.
Weld thickness
Weld thickness is the thickness of nominal pipe wall plus estimated weld
reinforcement not to exceed the allowable reinforcement. (Both root and
cap)
Radiation angle with respect to
film and weld
Perpenticular to the weld
Essential Wire diamenter of
IQI to be seen FOR FILM SIDE
IQI
Essential wire diameter required for Placing Film side shall be determined as
follows. 1. Take a segment of pipe welded together as required for welder
procedure test etc. Take a radiograph of the weld using the same technique to be
follwed as per this procedure. Place IQI both on film side and source side.
Minimum 1 IQI shall be placed on source side and 1 IQI on film side e in such a
way that the souce side IQI and the Film side IQI shall be available near to each
other with out any merging or overlap of wires. The film side IQI shall bear a lead
number 'F' near its identification number (ensure that this shall not obscure the
area of interest). The source side IQI must show the minimum required wire. The
Film side IQI may show more than the number of wire required for source side
IQI. If shown, the wire diameter of clearly visible wire in all the three IQI's shall be
used as acceptable required IQI for all production radiogrphs. The sensitivity shall
be calculated as follows. Diameter of the clearly visible wire divided by
thickness of weld multiplied by one hundred.
Image Quality Indicator to be
used
As Per DIN 54109 or ISO 1027
IQI placement.
IQI shall be placed on the film side / with the smaller wire of the
penetrameter (IQI) turned towards the end of the film itself and the wires
shall be placed across the weld and perpendicular to the weld length. IQI
may be placed on a heat shield if the surface temp. is not suitable for its
use.
Number of IQI per weld. At least Three IQI per film at 120 Space .
Location Markers.
A tape having Lead location Markers at 10cm intervals shall be placed around the
pipe to cover full circumference of weld starting from 0cm,10cm 20cm and so on.
0 location of the markers shall be marked on the pipe using Yellow or other
suitable colour markers or Wax Chalks with an arrow showing the direction of
placement of other location markers to know exact placement of location
Markers. Location Markers shall be kept in clockwise direction when viewing in
the gas flow direction. In place of continuous tape other suitable Location marker
system may be used in consultation with the company representative or
Inspection Agency.
Procedure No: IXAR/PLL/HPCL/RT 001.
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33 Interpretation and evaluation.
Interpretation and evaluations shall be done by Experienced Level II RT
personnel as per acceptance standard. The quality of film shall be with
out artifacts such us Scratches, Screen marks, Processing marks and
other marks in the area of interest and if present shall not confuse with
discontinuity indications.
Density
Min 2.0 to max 3.5 through out the weld . Density shall be checked
using calibrated densitometer. The densitometer shall be checked using
Calibrated densitistrip everyday before starting density measurements
and the variations shall not be more than( -15 + 30 %) with in the usable
range.
Sensitivity is acceptable for job thickness as per Fig 5 of
EIL Spec : 6 - 77 - 0007 Rev 1 ( Copy enclosed )
Sensitivity
Film/Weld Identification.
As a minimum the film shall have Project Name in short, Contractor
Name in short,RT agency logo Chainage,weld number and welder nos.
In addition to the above the film shall show the date of Radiography and
thickness of the weld. Any additional information if required shall also be
included.Repair,Reshoot,Retake, Reweld shall be suffixed as
R,RS,RT,RW after weld Number as radiographic images using Lead
numbers. All identification information shall appear as radiographic
images. If multiple films are used each film shall carry these
identification informations. Corrections if any due to mistakes shall be
done using indelible ink markers with prior permission and authorization
from the concerned Inspection engineer in exceptional Cases.
Exposure.
Exposure time is calculated from exposure Chart for Density 2 of the
given equipment
Back Scatter protection
Lead sheets above 2mm thick will be used to protect the film from back
scatter radiations.
Procedure No: IXAR/PLL/HPCL/RT 001.
Processing.
Processing shall be manual.Films will be developed at 18 to 24 degree
celsius and developing time shall be between 3 to 6 minutes. To avoid
process marks the films shall be agitated in the developer tank
continuously for first one minutes and then every 15 seconds till the
developing time is over. Film shall be placed in the stop bath for about
20 sec with continuous agitation and fixed for about 5 minute then
washed for 10 minutes and dried.
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IXAR PLL EIL
Procedure Demonstration.
Procedure Demonstration shall be done prior to start the production
radiography to the best satisfaction of the Inspection Agency.The
techniques should be qualified before starting each size dia /thickness
prior to start of actual production
Reporting.
Reporting shall be made and submitted to the inspection engineer's
review as per Enclosed format.
Storing of Radiographs.
Radiographs shall be stored in such a place where the room temp shall
not be more than 30 degree Celsius and shall be free from dust and
moisture.
API 1104 , EIL Spec 6 - 77 - 07 Rev 1 Acceptance standard
Technique sheet.
A technique sheet shall be prepared as per the enclosed format,prior to
commencement the radiography along with technique radiographs for
approval from the inspection engineer.
Procedure No: IXAR/PLL/HPCL/RT 001.
Safety.
Personnel performing Radiography shall wear TLD/dosimeter and shall
display the location of radiography area using warning symbol boards in
English and Hindi / local languages and will stop the passage of
personnel (Personnel not involved in RT) during the time of Exposure.
The radiography station shall be properly sheided and the radiation
outside the cordon limit shall not exceed 0.25 mR/hour or as per work
load calculation. All local safely regulations shall also be properly
adopted.Field safety radiation survey meter shall be available at the site
of radiation.