You are on page 1of 6

Arab Open University

Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA)

(First Semester 2014-15)
Branch: Program: English Language and Literature
Course Title: The Arts Past and Present Course Code: AA100A
Student Name: Section Number:
Student ID: Tutor Name:

Marks allocated
to TMA

For content : 20 marks For language mechanics: 4 marks deducted
at the utmost


Notes on plagiarism:
A. According to the Arab Open University By-laws, the following acts represent cases of cheating and
Verbatim copying of printed material and submitting them as part of TMAs without proper academic
acknowledgement and documentation.
Verbatim copying of material from the Internet, including tables and graphics.
Copying other students notes or reports.
Using paid or unpaid material prepared for the student by individuals or firms.
B. Penalties for plagiarism ranges from failure in the TMA to expulsion from the university.

Declaration: I hereby declare that the submitted TMA is my own work and I have not copied any other
persons work or plagiarized in any other form as specified above.
Student Signature:

TMA feedback: (PT3)

The Arts Past and Present
First Semester 2014-2015
Cut-off date: Week 10
Format and Word Count:
The students work should be presented in an ESSAY of around 1200 words.
The essay should include a list of references (print and electronic) at the end in addition to in-
text referencing as per the requirements of the Harvard Referencing System. Proper referencing
is a serious academic requirement and skill and will be rewarded accordingly.
Writing and Discussion Topic:
We often take our knowledge of famous people for granted. However, the process of reputation
construction is far from being a simple and straightforward process. We often neglect
consciously or unconsciously the basis of the reputation and do little to investigate the sources
and accuracy of reputations. Taking the Dalai Lama of Tibet as a case study, you are required
to read the excerpt on the Dalai Lamas reputation construction below to build your
understanding of the complexity of the theme of reputation before embarking on more readings
that would help you address the subthemes numbered 1-5 that follow:
Tibets complexities and competing histories have been flattened into a stereotype. Stereotypes
operate through adjectives, which establish chosen characteristics as if they were eternal truths.
Tibet is isolated, Tibetans are content, monks are spiritual. With sufficient repetition, these
adjectives become innate qualities, immune from history. [] This language about Tibet not
only creates knowledge about Tibet, in many ways it creates Tibet, a Tibet that Tibetans in exile
have come to appropriate and deploy in an effort to gain both standing in exile and
independence for their country.
Lopez, D. (1998) Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West, London, University of Chicago Press,
1) Research how the Dalai Lama has had his reputation as a leader established in Tibet,
China and the West.

2) Identify the factors that have contributed to the Dalai Lamas fame and reputation in
Tibet but most importantly in the West.

3) Reflect on how the Dalai Lamas process of reputation construction was very much
affected by the West.

4) Investigate whether myth and truth can happily coexist in the process of reputation
construction as applies to the Dalai Lamas case.

5) Summarize the lessons learnt from the Dalai Lamas case experience as far as
competing reputations are concerned.

Guidance on Addressing the Topic:
Before you embark on writing the essay, you need to read carefully Book 1 Reputations in order
to familiarize yourself with the topic at large and make use of the skills presented in the book
when writing your essay. You are strongly advised to consult sources on the topic and widen
your knowledge of the topic under consideration, but it is of the utmost importance to document
any words or ideas that are not your own. Once you have the material ready, it is advisable
that you follow the steps (1-5) indicated in the section above to avoid omitting sub-questions.
Although the section on the Dalai Lama in the course book appears in Unit 7 of Book 1, you
should demonstrate your knowledge of the complexity of the overarching concept of reputation
as presented in all the units and not limit treatment solely to a particular treatment appearing in
a single unit.
Note on the PT3 Form:
The tutors comments that appear here on the PT3 form and on the script of the students TMA
should be taken seriously by the student as mentioned in the Course Guide.



Excellent answers showing confident
and wide-ranging knowledge of core
material, good understanding of any
relevant theory, and a capacity to
address the question in a structural,
direct and effective way, thoughtfully
and with insight. Originality of thought
and ideas from outside the course are
-Has an introduction defining plan of
- Body divided into several paragraphs
-Conclusion which directly relates
arguments to topic.
an added asset. Examples are to the
- Evidence that essay has been edited.
- Error-free grammar & register.
-Wide range of specialized
B to B+

Very good answers showing secure
knowledge of course materials.
Adopting an analytical approach and
providing relevant discussion
covering most of the key issues.
Distinguished from A answers by
being less insightful or by showing
less comprehensive knowledge of the
- First four criteria above maintained
-Demonstrates extensive grammar
-Terminology specialized but less
C to C+

Competent answers reflecting
adequate knowledge of the more
directly relevant course material and
concepts, with reasonable structure
and adequate coherence related to
the question set.
-Introduction and/or conclusion short
but still satisfactory.
- Evidence of editing.
- Less grammar control than above.
-Good range of specialized

Answers which omit some concepts
/evidence and/or lack coherence
/structure, and/or make minor errors
while still demonstrating basic
understanding. Or Bare pass answers
which show awareness of some
relevant material and attempt to relate
it to the question.
-Introduction and/or conclusion short
but acceptable.
- No evidence of editing is present.
-Grammatical errors that impede
-Above average range of specialized
-Slightly confused introduction and/or
conclusion, but body still fair.
- No evidence of editing.
-Some error types that impede
- Fair range of specialized terminology.

Answers which attempt to draw upon
relevant material but do not reflect
sufficient knowledge of the course
and/or neglect the focus required by
the question, and/or are incomplete in
some important aspects whilst being
acceptable in others.
- No introduction and /or no conclusion.
- Body badly organized or irrelevant.
-Poor grammar control (extremely
limited range of grammar & register).
-Limited or not specialized range of


The following grid is used in deducting marks, when grading TMAs, MTAs, and Final
Exams, on the basis of language use and organisation.

level courses level
& 2
- Has an introduction defining plan of essay.
- Body divided into several paragraphs.
- Conclusion which directly relates arguments
to topic.
- Evidence that essay has been edited.
- Wide range of specialized terminology.
- Error-free grammar & register, mechanics,
- No deduction - No deduction
- Clear organization, with good introduction and
- Body divided into several paragraphs
- Demonstrates extensive grammar control and
mechanics: correct spelling, proper
punctuation, correct sentences, with
occasional/sporadic grammar mistakes (e.g.,
phrasal verbs, relative clauses).
- Evidence of editing
- Terminology specialized but less varied.
- Deduct 30% of
deduction allowed:

TMA: 2
MTA: 3

TMA: 1.5
MTA: 2
- Introduction and/or conclusion short but still
- Some evidence of editing.
- Less grammar control than above: (e.g.,
wrong use of prepositions, verb tenses).
- Some non-recurrent problems in mechanics
of writing
- Average range of specialized terminology.
- Deduct 50% of
deduction allowed


TMA: 2
MTA: 3
- Introduction and/or conclusion short and
slightly confused, but acceptable, with body
still fair.
- No evidence of editing: some grammatical
- Deduct 80% of
deduction allowed

and other recurrent types of errors that
impede communication (e.g., verb forms,
auxiliary verbs, passive structures, subject-
verb agreement).
- Recurrent errors of spelling and punctuation
- Poor formatting
- Below average range of specialized

TMA: 5
MTA: 7

TMA: 3.5
MTA: 5
- No introduction and /or conclusion.
- Body badly organized or irrelevant.
- No editing whatsoever
- Poor grammar control (extremely limited
range of grammar & register, very basic,
recurrent, and varied grammatical, spelling,
and punctuation errors of all types).
- No formatting
- Limited or not specialized range of
- Deduct 100% of
deduction allowed

TMA: 6
MTA: 9

TMA: 6
MTA: 9