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nvenii iheHomeWorK
The; Flying Automobile to Be fAe Carl who invented ENVELOPES?
of the Future
greater degree of safety than BOW is pos- UST when envelopes were Invented 1760 for the transmission of two Impoi*
sible oa the streets and highways.
"I; would not take a great str tec of J no one can definitely say, bat the tant government documeats-
honor is claimed by a. number of However, it is probable that envelope*
i'Ksgiaation to foresee municipalities re?r- persons. In 1653 3L de VaJUyer, cnder were nos in common use until nexAy a
n!st!.->g the height of buildings to uni-
formity, the streets to be bridge*!, in royal patronage, established in Paris a hundred years later, according to tie
living: at a distance from a large city, crdtr to form one vast landing- field in postal system for letters in post-paid en- Paihfisder. In 1S25 Lamb Mentions
The Firing for the traveliDgr salessr-ar., Mho now uses the center of each cityfor 3\ing ir.a- I elopes- In the office of the Brhuh See- the envelope, and ia "Harry Lorre-
Motor Car the motor highways to cover his chines. Tne landing fields or tops of the
of the Future, buildings coald be connected with the retary of State is an envelope which in- qoer," published by Cbmles Lever ia
as Predicted br territory. street level by elevators so that a machine closed a letter dated May 16, 1696, -writ- 1S37, is this quotation: "The -waiter en-
Casn- E. Y. Recent glider trials he! throughout Eu- alighting could descend to the street and ten by Sir William Tarnbull, then Secre- ured -wjth a small note in an envelope."
Rickenhacker. rope have shown ways of increasing the be driven about as an automobile. At tary of State, to Sir Janies Ogilvie, of It is claimed th*s envelopes were ased in
The Machine lifting Bower, while reJ'Jcsng tlie spread the end of the business day it would be London. In 1714 Bishop Burnett made Frasce before they were introduced in
Would Be of airplane usiEgs. Further. It has been driven back tc the elevator and lifted to use of the word •"envelope" in referring England, and there seems to be good
Equipped with demonstrated that -with properly con- the roof to take off for the homeward to a. wrapper or cover of a, cciEJKanica.- ground for the claim. Whea they first
^ Folding Wings structed \vings and properly designed mo- d-ght. tion. came on the French market they *ere
for Flight and tors it is possible to fly almost any type "Such a forecast is more than pare There are preserved in the British Mu- very dainty novelties ind were made
with Pontoons of faselagc. fancy. It is founded on present progress seum, attached to the letters, the en- from the most expensive and delicate pa-
for Water "The development of automatic safety ia automobile and airplane design.'' velopes which were used in 1755 and pers. They were used only by the
Travel. devices to control ivght will decrease the f wealthy, and were considered a fad.
liability of accidenV says Caps. Escken-
backer. "To-day riving is no more dar.-
frerous than motoring on the streets nnd
An Improved Nursing Bottle They were used by the public in England
in a limited way between 1S30 and 1839.
It has been claimed that about 1830 a
bookseller in Brighton, England, by the
W
highways—sojnetimes I think _it is not as HEN an infant sucks milk had BO filtering effect, this would pre-
dangerous. However, peop!e have a. fejr through the nipple of a >ni!k serve the milk a good deal better from name of Brewer, made envelopes by hand,
of flying: that will ha-vc to be overcome, the action of germs in the incoming- a«r; and thai he was the first manufacturer of
just "as '.hey had to o\ ercome their 1c.ir bottle, air must cater the bottle, and he points out that there is less cool- envelopes; but there are quite a number
of traveling- twenty miles &n hos;r in the iroi»! somewhere, to take the place of ing action by the air on the milk. Cer- of others who claimed to be "Srst" in this
horseless carnage of twenty years ago. ti.e milk—or the milk can't lca-.e. In the tainly there "arc less air bubbles in the l«ne, including manufacturers in New-
"Saie in time 01 war, there is 3:0 nee 3 conventional nipple, this air has to leak milk." York, Boston, Philadelphia and Louis-
for^tunt Hying- and that is the o->!y really >:! j'.rough th« same hole that the nnik ville. However, there is no one KOTV living
cangerons parr in l:v>.r.g. It is a good b:t
hke driving through, heavy tna6ic_at sbrly
miles an hour—everv one <Ioes!i"i have the
comes out of- Two-way traffic on a sin-
gle-track road is HO mere impracticable
tl>an this.
A Handy Eraser who can testify on the subject, and no
authentic records are available* for proof.
Before envelopes were introduced th*
skiil to do it. DEVICE for holding an eraser al- custom, was to fold the letter sheet ^to
A
To overcome this, a new type of milk
"Rigid rules will L-e la;U UO-A-S lor fly- bottle has been designed. At the lower make it answer the purpose of an envel-
ways ready for instant use, yet out ope and, then seal it witff wax. On all
<*ru the bottle is pierced with a large of the way, is the invention of a folded note and 'letter pages the fourth
hole: and around this hole is placed a

T TTK flying automobile will be Use car


of the near future, according to
Captain E. V. Rickenbacker, Uncle
Sam's famous ace of the world war. This
Here Is
a Model
of the Flying
circular shoulder of glass. Then it is
?impie to tarn a regular nipple inside out
and hang it over this shoulder, so that
i; projects within the.bottle. The hole
Chicago man, Merrill 51. Hunting. Is. is page w»s left- unruled, the object being
especially adapted for use by typists, to
bookkeepers and draftsmen.
use the unruled page for the outside
of the letter on which to write the ad-
dress- While the unruled fourth, page
11 this nipple is smaller, even, than that To look about for an eraser when one no longer serves its original purpose, file
new model of motor car, it is predicted, Automobile wants it momentarily is a bother. But old custom on rujed folded note and let-.
through v/hich the baby is accustomed
•will be made v.-ith folding wings, so that to get his milk; and the exposed inside this contrivance holds it fast to a finger, „_., ter paper of leaving the fourth page un-
•when on a straight stretch, of road they Roadster, of the nipple is filled witk clean cotton. so that it is always in readiness, yet not ruled stilj prevails, though probably^ very
can be spread and the machine will take The net result is that no miik leaks out, interfering with free use of the hand. few
" of~ the
" younger generation * can
~ tell
Built by It. is held on the. middle
to th* sir. The present-day tendency to but with every pull that baby gives on -" *'1 .
-"—- "- ..1-1- =•• :finger
—'- . - bv
-*-a
J
whv this is done.
Envelopes were first made b>-hand and
lighten the construction of automobiles Allen H. Russell, ti>e regular nipple, air leaks in. The spring split ring, to wmch it is connected
through the extensive use of aluminum cdvanteges are not -restricted to the *»: * SinaU flexible coiled sprung. Tne the usual method of manufacture^ -was
of Xntfey, N". J- smooth, regular feeding which the_ bottle other end of the coiled spring engages this: A tin .form -was made the shape
alloys, without sacrificing the safecy fac- of theT not. unfolded blank, the paper
tor, and the great progress made in air- is primarily aimed to provide, but include having; been cut into lozenge-shaped
plane construction as the result of recent collapsed, pieces. " TRis tin form was laid -on per-,
experiments with motorless gliders, as weE automobile haps twenty-five pieces of paper and "a.
as motor gliders, are the two factors that •which
•will make this possible. convex AUI.C. .. -— - , • ..
sharp shoemaker's knife- followed round
the edses of the tin form, thus «ottin|t
\
This combination automobile-airplane, Imagine the convenience of being able ens from the present-flay a* r car. y the position of the nipple with the blank. The blanks were then creased
as Captain Rickenbacker describes it in to drive around in the city, as is done cept in its decreased sue. body will reference to the milk when the bottle is
to reduce t'pped 'f you don't believe it. The in- with a boae folder or thimble. The
Popular Science Monthly, will have a body nowadavs, and, then when you start for be" narrower and shorter. blanks were gummed by overlapping and
shaped similar to rhe present' hydroplane some other town and get on a straight weight, and wili_ be or aa modified streairi- vcutor believes that, even if the cotton applying- the gum with a brush. This Trork
hull, making it both, a. water and .land of vrav or eT>ter a nearbv pasture,.to un- line design. was done in small "bookshops^* (U they
machine. The wheels will protrude suffi-. f—-
fold tie wings
_ _ _ _* _
on the
.-.
machine
" _ » »

eiently to permit the machine to be driven to the air! It wi'I mean quicker trans-
and1 take
A-.1*—
lighter
I- S. t. ... .
and.! smaller, but with, aooutj.b<.
same horsepower as is used 10-0*-. Smoke Bombs for •were then called") oa rainy days and -when
there was no other work to be done.
on the highwav after the wings have been noT-tatioi for the suburbanite, for people through, the use of the sec When envelopes were first made the
" *' ' "The wings will fold b sealing flaps were tmgummed "ind *eA
A "Horseback" Ridinff Device S^l^mi^Sc^i,^^ T
i JIG *> *»i£j.* » » i=* _-^i— —— -^ _ , r

HE idea—its origin attributed to the closed by applying at the point of" ffift
JLVJLU.lJ.lg J-Tt/T A\^V, * he ^ off ,hc ground st a moderate sealing flap* a wafer of sealing wax.
im; \.tj.i vi* I..;*- ^-—- — — „ • cuttlefish—of creating an obscurity About 1840 "there appeared on-the mar-
"take-ofT speed. The twenty-nve-ioo,. The Device Holds the Eraser to the
I T is aften said that horseback riding mediate arrangement of a pair of coiled soari that it is possible to ouild on t-e in which to hide has been, for mari- ket envelopes "with a smalt "lick of" from"
is one o£ the best exercises in the springs for resilience. _ time use, greatly developed since the war. Finger Without Interference about half an-inch square-at. the point
present-day motor car—twelve and one- with the Free Use cf the Hand.
«a!f foot v.ings on each sieie—wiii ce One method, with which Uncle Sam's of the sealing flap, ^and this very soo^
world. Xot... everybody,
, - however,
, - . owns
, ^^ZTi"^J^fjS % 3Z
bicvcle frame, and the resilience of the supplemented the, isafep of wax. When»
*. horse, or would dare to ride one in these spring^ the rider gets many simultaneous the lighter ana more ravy has recently been experimenting, is
days of multitudinous .motors. efficfentlv built irachine. of 1940- to drop from a living airplane a cor.tinu- with a rivet the "stirrup" that grips tne however,, as a still f urf&sr. improvement
muscular movements, every one of which "Consider what such a roacnine wih oxis series of small phosphorous bombs. disk-shaped eraser. sonje.
_ _ _ „ .manufacturers
. . . . .1>egan
_ to gam? the
Hence the usefulness of a contrivance has a meaning of its own for heahhful Normally (as t!ie drawing shows) the whole of the sealing: amp..many protested
developed by John J. Cooper, of Stam- n who vorks '-" tne ciu". The latter, being: made of wood, float,
exercise and the reduction of supemuous :\eral miles fartlitr a^ay and. on the surface of the sea. form s. long eraser rests against the palm of the hand, against it; and while -willing: to moisten
ford, Conn.," which, the inventor claims, adipose tissue- He >f the city anc spend less so that it does not interfere with the use the small spot of gum,"-for sanitary^w*-
gives &Ji equivalent benefit by "inducing line, a distance of only a few yards separ-
The inventor lays special smri Troll- T\Or-v- J--V jlV- ating each bomb from the nest one. of
— the fingers. When, wanted for use,
— —„— . sons "tney - were not -willing i to- "Kefc" th»
muscular action, of the abdomen, legs, a The bombs, their fuses set off automat- a pressure of the thumb turns it into enure flap. Aiter some time ..
shoulders, neck and back."' icaliy as thev are dropped from the plane, operative position, the coiled, spring readily- dice was overcome and. envelopes with
In. effect, the apparatus is a stationary liberate clouds of white smoke which form yielding for the purpose. gummed flaps rapidly came into favor.
and -wheelless bicycle, with the usual
saddle and handle-bars, the fork in front
being prolonged sufficiently to reach "the
ground—i. e., the floor—where its lower
Colored Pictures Sent by Radio a vzll impenetrable to the eye. The
smoke resembles a dense mist, behind
which warcraft may maneuver unseen. An Electric Lighter for Firss
ends are pivoted in brackets so as to be .-.GLOBED pi*™ t^lu. b/ yS^S^^^S^&^C^ It may be employed in warfare for other

I
L y radio were shown reecntly ior tne ^ WuP. Thjs gn es the " effect
~ ' as ""
s^own uses, but the object sought in any case is N rural sections where it is de cus-
movable. eonceaSenient.
The pedals, actuated by the rider in first time. Captain George A. Tay- on the original Colored pictures ar tne tom to let fires go out during the
ordinary fash:oii._drive s. sprocket-wheel Sir.oke screens were commonly used
darusg the great war. Phosphorus, emit- night, and where wood is depended
that has a hub off the center, and which ted from so-called "smoke boxes." -was upon entirely for fuel, an apparatus de-
is thus made to revoHe eccentrically, utilized for the concealment of vessels
jouncing the indoor horseman up and scribed in Practical Electrics may be
down. With this movement the fork is seeking escape from submarines. But the found iery useful during the Winter
their glory"of color. He also esi)la:neu notion of employing airplanes to throw
process in. Kadio Digest. curtains of artificial mist across the sea, time. 'When residing in the country the
The colored picture for transmission ashown process bv which drawings can_ oe
being- made at a distance, ar.n now i>v~the method above described or by_uis- -vnriter made one which worked perfectly,
by radio is photographed through screens charging a chemical vapor directly from ^g aODaratns |g constructed of the fol-
on to metal plates in the ordinary way for the flying machine, is altogetaer new. ^.^ Aerials- Three binding posts,
printing in -die three_primary cojors-7-yei- - » the-"-
- actual makin--
cne %-inch induction coil, four dry cells,
low, red and blue, tach plate is printed
in black ink and the print is enlarged so
that when acid etched on a metal plate
it will hare deep etchings between the
To Make Ball Pitching Perfect The object: of the pitcher, engaged in
a block of wood 4x6s%, a match, a
switch, and the necessary wire to make
the connections-
L URIXG what may be called the Mount -two of the binding posts on the
screen Ines.
The plate is then placed in a cylinder
moving -with a needle conurg in contact D '•off"' season for baseball, i; Is
necessary that a pitcher s'-a':! keep
with the metal parts untouched _by the in Dract.ce. For this purpose and also for
practice, "is to hit with the thrown ball
that part of the target which is contained
within the rectangle. Every such hit
counts as a ''strike."' T.'hen the ball hits
block opposite each other, and with the
aid of two pieces of shon: wire make a
spark gap. The third post is mounted
about TOO inches back from the center of
acid, and such contacts are transmitted b> the target anywhere outside ot^the jrect- these toro. Through the hole of this post a
radio over any distance in the simple "dot ancrle it counts as a ''ball."' me object A Fire Lighter Which Ignites a Sheet
match is placed and securely clamped so of Paper so as to Set Kindling Wood
and dash"' method, the "dot and dash"' the regular training oenoe. a >ew in "view, of course, Is to cult;-, ate accu- that its head will fall in the spark gap on Fire and.Start a Coal Store.
being easily picked up as in ordinary re- Yorker.~Ado!ph O. Schonbcrg. has .mcr.tr- racv and control. between the other two iindrag- posts. Make
ception bv radio, ar.d made to establish ed a "pitchers target all the necessary connections to the coil
contact by means of ar. ink-marker on to and battery. ll be adjacent to the head of th© match.
a cylinder moving at the same speed as Before retiring at night kindling^ and When the current is turned on the spark
that at the transmitter. wood are placed in the fire box of the -KT!! ignite the match and thas the paper
The receiving cylinder, however, is co~>- cbia stove. A piece of paper is trailed from wii! catch fire and trail tip to the kindling
ercd -with paper so that, at the receiving the grate to the hesfth", where the lighter :n the stove. The result is a warm
station the "picture is received in black as 10 bct rests, and arranged so that an edge of it kitchen when the family comes down.
transmitted. It is then reduced to the black Iin Tre

tert- pic: To Prevent Writer's Cramp,


For vears. -various mechanical devices Through this plaster-of-Paris model she

What the Inventors Are have been tricU for the prevention 01 thrust a lead pencil. With this as -a guide,
writers' cramp in those who have to write a mold of •willow wood of similar contour
constantly. There recently appeared a was made in the artificial limb department
(HE interlocking steel iaclr.g princi- turned on and the picture of Paol Vosbarg-, z. German ir.- of tne Institute for Cripcled and Disabled
ventor, usinfc v.hat was described as Men. The mold was hollowed out in, the
center, for lightness. The pen^or pencil,
"blocks of woo-a"' for this purpose. which passes through the body 01 the
for "J tiave seen molds of dental wax used, block, is retained in position by -wrapping
bought, the laces are tightened to fit the to save waste. but their weight :s a serious objection." a few turns of robber baad around the
The Pedals of the Exerciser Pnve a foot. After that )t is necessary merely A telcscoclc star,'', pas been ms--"- that savs Dr. ReeinaW K. Sax-re :n The Journal pen or pencil ^here it projects at the top
Sprocket V,"heel with the Hub Off Centre to slide a key a? or down to "lace" or __ •.
11 the. American
. r _ _ _ M^chcal
^ T _ j.^-i Association
_* ~~^~;««..rt^. "-VT!^C 3r>f} at
»t. the
rhp. bottom.
nottom. TUG
The entire atraratus*
aparatus,
Which Causes Ihe Rider to Botmce Up and \r~ll ^ol'l o^ant* ir. s.ny po~it on • ~ ro j ». cJ:n-c at ins XTni- per.cil and al1, weighs slightly n:ore than
"unlace"' the shoe. Tre automatic laccr The larger ar.;- j-ea- <-- "• « rot. tV -ore Keer.lv. the clerk .n one ounce, althocen it is iargs -enough to
Down as in Horseback Ridir.g. % srsity and Bellevue Hosoltal Medical Col- fiU the hand with the fingers only slightly
s placed on the side of the shoe, which
otherwise ressmblss t.:e recu'ar artic'e. position desire-:. I-y. .|i r,o" legs, was verr nrach troubled with pain
*. * * i^atcs tiie (ia^icr^r 01 t^z s>» in her right arm ar.-i 5 and 7-henever she 'In the use of this apparains, haad *sd
An automatic lighter haa been designer ;et- \VI:en ro; ;T use. it f-3 ha<i -rrach -sritjpg to t'.o. arid after exp_er*- Suger motion is elimirjated, the patiest?a
which is attached to a"A con •^ater^ nea^r -pace. isenr.rs: -srith variotis r-.tthocs to relieve hand or the lower end of the wooden
p.n<1 :na%" be oocratcc f~o*n ary tioor o: her hand from crarro. I-a f i the apuaratus mold sliding along the paper, "wipe elbow
the other aroun th? horn's. A pattr-ted --^-K i£ ;r.stal" -. Too;"'. 33?.<J<- :i:st cas afforded --er great relief. and shoulder motion are eKipJored ia
his arms. cac"; row o: bnrlc^ ca- .-.= Keeriv
sr! ir.at-t, ir.e orlglr-al Eocel writing. . ., , , ,
n: gas to t".e"burner ar.-i'"oroo--es a pilot T-cr-- a-f tl by j'Oiiir.g a Vet o'a-txr-of-Paris - - - bar>d-
- - ^xhe device could procaoly be maoe oy
s.bc-5 the ra1 - "TV* rri^' C TJ,e Pitcher Iran-eves His Accuracy
light. A chair, L=; cor.r.tctc l %Jih t'. is a-^ r<r c>- !-y TVftiin;: the Bali So That It Comes agrc
°(i to ar.;. ftoor -loir^:. y acre _it -•',: - . ,-„ " Within the Hectangle Indicated
i- fixed to a -*sj! pint-'- B" ^-.llirr t,' o , • - -'-c^t. on the Figure Shown Above.
other be": chain to a hook on the plats the gss .^ be coT.cn:cr.V.> carri
screwed into ihe -ioor, •nith

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