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lImprovement vin Distilling Apparatus.

Patented April 9;`1a72,.

No. 125,463.





4ilIlvIfTiaru STATES


Specification forming part of Letters Patent No.125,463, dated April 9, 187 .


provided with faucet b to return the condensed

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, J ULIUS KUNZE, of Chats

yof any suitable size, divided by partitions into

oil or water back to the still S.

B is a- column

worth, in the county of Livingston and State chambers. Partitions C C C are ot'dish-form,
of Illinois, have invented certain new and use

of the same diameter Vas the column, and se

ful Improvements in Distillation;77 and I do cured to its walls. They are provided with
hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, openings o o o", for vapors to freely ascend,
and exact description thereof, reference being and with rims or borders rl d el, to prevent the
had to the accompanying dra-win g making part condensed oil and water from passing through
of this specification, and to the letters of ref openings o o o, but to collect the same and
erence marked thereon, like letters indicating pass them down through the pipes I) D secured
like parts wherever they occur.V ^
totthe said partitions. Partitions E E E are
To enable others skilled in the art to construct of the shape of an inverted dish, for the pur
and use my invention, I will proceed to de pose of easily conveying the drops ot' oil and
scribe it.

water down, are of smaller diameter than col

The accompanying drawing represents a ver umn B, and are secured to the same by strips

tical section of the-apparatus.

or staples f, leaving space F between wallsaud
The object of my invention is to produce, by partitionsopen. Thealcohol vapor mixed with
ordinary distillation, high wines or alcohol free oily and aqueous vapors goes from the still S
from fusil or other disagreeable essential oil, into vessel A, and from there ascends through
and of any desirable strength. The nature of opening o, spreads out right and left, goes
my invention consists iu the novel construction around partition E, again through opening o',
and arrangement of certain devices> in an ap around partition E', and so on, until it reaches
paratus, as hereinafter described and claimed. the top of column B, thus being subjected dur
My mode or method of purification ofthe al ing the passage to a great friction and concus
cohol vapor as it comes out of the still mixed
with fusil or other essential oil vapor an d aque

sion, losing` caloric, and thereby lowering in

temperature. rlhese frictions and reductions

ous vapor, and before it goes to the condenser, of temperature couden se a great deal offusil or
consists in subjecting the said vapor to a great other essential oil vapor, and also aqueous va
mechanical friction and concussion, and lower por, which, in a liquid state, are returned back

ing graduallyits temperature, thereby condens to vessel A, falling in drops, for instance, on

ing a considerable quantity of oil vapor and partition E, slide along it a-nd through space
aqueous> vapor, and thus separating the same F, drip down onto partition C, then through
from alcohol vapor; then in suddenly lowering pipes DD onto partition E', and so on, un
the temperature ofthe said vapor to such an eX til they reach the lowest partition G and pipe
tent as to precipitate or condense the Whole ot' g, through which they pass into vessel A, and
-,the oily or aqueous vapor, or the most of it, and from there can be returned to the still, it' de
return the same back to the still without con sirable, every time the work stops, or ot'tener.
densing the alcohol vapor ; and finally in puri
Thenumber of partitions in the column B de
fyin g the alcohol vapor from yet remaining pends upon the size of distilleryand the perfec
traces of oily vapor or other impurities, by tion of proposed puriticatiou ofthe alcohol va
charcoal, before it is condensed and turned into por. l use from Athirty to fifty partitions, and `
high wines or alcohol.l
even more. The partitions should be always so
The appara-tus to perform all the above said shaped and arranged as to submit the vapors to
operations is made ot' copper, and placed be a great friction against their surfaces, and to
tween the still S and condenser It of thefdis easily convey the condensed oily and aqueous
tillery. It is placed on .a suit-able foundation` vapors, in the shape of oil and water, back to
and consists of several pa-rts put up in the the vessel A. rIheir shape and a 1angement
shape of a column, although any other suita therefore maybe greatly modilied without sub~
ble shape may be adopted.
A isa vessel or holder, connected with still

stantially changing the principle underlying

the construction of the column and the object

S by pipe a to let in the alcohol vapor; also attained thereby. H is a precipitator or con


denser, to precipitate or condense at once all there by pipes u uinto the column B, where it
the oil vapors or aqueous vapor ascending with vaporizes again. T T are chambers to receive
alcohol- vapor to the top ofthe column B, and steam for the purpose of Warmin g the. alcohol
thus separate them from the said alcohol va vapor at the moment ot' its entering the char
por. The precipitator is a double Water-hold coal, if desirable. t t are the inlet and outlet
er, having a passage between the two Water pipes for the steam, which when used is re
holders for the vapors to pass. I is the inlet newed constantly. 'Vaste steam is intended to

pipe, through which water tills the spaces K be used for the purpose. By using steam here
K, and through the side pipes J J tills the less steam will be required for the column and

spaces L L, from which, by the pipes l Z, it vessel A, or even in the still S.

is conducted into and ills the space M, and
then goes out by a discharge-pipe, m. Nis the
passage for the alcohol vapor.` The Water in
the precipitator is in constant motion. The oil
vapors and aqueous vapors that ascended to
the top ofthe column B With alcohol vapor

It may be seen, from the above description

of the apparatus and of the successive opera
tions over the alcohol vapor, that by placing
my apparatus between the still and the con
denser in any distillery, an uninterrupted dis

conveyed down the column and returned to

the vessel A, While the alcohol vapor passes on

while the quantity ot' Wines produced from a

certain quantity of grain Will not be in -the

higher. ' P Pare the vessels for the charcoal

least diminished.

tillin g operation will be established, producing

Without being condensed, notv entering the by au ordinary distillation high Wines or alco
passage N, trom a sudden reduction in tem hol perfectly free from- fusil or_ other essential
perature, rapidly condense, and in drops are oils or impurities, and of any desirable strength,

holders Q, Q and steam-chambers T T. The

alcohol vapor from the precipitator H passes
by one or both pipes, qq, into the charcoal hold

ers Q Q, perforated at the bottom, and, Work

ing its way through the charcoal, becomes puri

The apparatus can easily be adapted also for

use in rect-ifying establishments.


Having thus fully described my invention,

what I claim as new, and desire to secure by

Letters Patent, is-f

fied ot' traces ot fusil-oil or other impurities `The combination of the vessel A and col
that perhaps were not condensed in the precipi umn B Wit-h the precipitator H, charcoal-ch am
tator H, and thus, perfectly puri?ed, passes bers Q, Q, and steam-chambersT T, when con

through pipes r rinto the distillery condenser structed and arranged to operate substantially
B, Where it is condensed into highwines or al as and'for the purpose set forth.
cohol in the ordinary manner. Entering the
vessel l? l) the alcohol vapor may partially
condense, in which case it is conducted from