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Errata

Shigleys Mechanical Engineering Design


Richard D. Budynas and J. Keith Nisbett
ISBN 978-007-125763-3 or MHID 007-125763-2
Compiled in November 2008
Page 20
Current version
a
c

44.50 0.08 mm

3.05 0.13 mm

b
c

19.05 0.02 mm

22.23 0.02 mm

Corrected version
a
c

44.50 0.08 mm

3.05 0.13 mm

b
d

19.05 0.02 mm

22.23 0.02 mm

Current version
Thus, both clearance and interference are possible.
(b) If wmin is to be 0.08 mm, then, w wmin + tw = 0.08 + 0.025 = 0.105 mm. Thus,
d = a b c w = 44.50 19.05 3.05 0.105 = 22.30 mm

Corrected version
Thus, both clearance and interference are possible.
(b) If wmin is to be 0.08 mm, then, w = wmin + tw = 0.08 + 0.25 = 0.33 mm. Thus,
d = a b c w = 44.50 19.05 3.05 0.33 = 22.07 mm

Page 32
Current version
x=

f
(x)

63(62
11
11 xx438.3
exp
exp
2(594
22
17.9
2(594
2
17.9 2

22

where the mean stress is 438.3 MPa and the standard deviation is 17.9 MPa. A plot
of f (x) is included in Fig. 25. The description of the strength Sut is then
expressed in terms of its statistical parameters and its distribution type. In this case
Sut = N(438.3, 17.9) MPa.

Corrected version
x=

f
(x)

11
1
exp

2
2(594 2
2
18.16

x 63(62
445.4
2(594
18.16

where the mean stress is 445.4 MPa and the standard deviation is 18.16 MPa. A
plot of f (x) is included in Fig. 25. The description of the strength Sut is then
expressed in terms of its statistical parameters and its distribution type. In this case
Sut = N(445.4, 18.16) MPa.

page 1 of 17

Page 92
Current version
However, the maximum stress due to the combined bending and direct shear
stresses may be maximum at the point (76, 32.9) that is just to the left of the applied
load, where the web joins the ange. To simplify the calculations we assume a cross
section with square corners (Fig. 319c). The normal stress at section ab, with x = 3
in, is

Corrected version
However, the maximum stress due to the combined bending and direct shear
stresses may be maximum at the point (80, 32.9) that is just to the left of the applied
load, where the web joins the ange. To simplify the calculations we assume a cross
section with square corners (Fig. 319c). The normal stress at section ab, with
x 0.08 m, is

Page 93
Current version
The principal stresses at the point can now be determined. Using Eq. (313), we
nd that at x = 76 mm, y = 32.9 mm,
1 , 2 =
=

x + y

2
5.24 + 0

x y
2

+ x2y

5.24 0
2

+ (2.67) 2 = 1.12, 6.36 M a

For a point at x = 76 mm, y = 32.9 mm, the principal stresses are 1, 2 = 6.36,
1.12 MPa. Thus we see that the maximum principal stresses are 1200 psi, 21 percent higher than thought by the designer.

Corrected version
The principal stresses at the point can now be determined. Using Eq. (313), we
nd that at x = 80 mm, y = 32.9 mm,
1 , 2 =
=

x + y

2
5.24 + 0

x y
2

+ x2y

5.24 0
2

+ (2.67) 2 = 1.12, 6.36 M a

For a point at x = 80 mm, y = 32.9 mm, the principal stresses are 1, 2 = 6.36,
1.12 MPa. Thus we see that the maximum principal stresses are 6.36 MPa,
5.1 percent higher than thought by the designer.

page 2 of 17

Page 106
Current version
As presented in the table, Kt is a decreasing monotone. This rod end is similar to the
square-ended lug depicted in Fig. A15-12 of appendix A.

Corrected version
As presented in the table, Kt is a decreasing monotone. This rod end is similar to the
square-ended lug depicted in Fig. A13-12 of appendix A.

Page 159
Current version
Compare Eqs. (a) and (b) with Eqs. (43) and (45). In Example 48, the bending strain
energy for a cantilever having a concentrated end load was found. According to
Castiglianos theorem, the deection at the end of the beam due to bending is

Corrected version
Compare Eqs. (a) and (b) with Eqs. (43) and (45). In Example 49, the bending strain
energy for a cantilever having a concentrated end load was found. According to
Castiglianos theorem, the deection at the end of the beam due to bending is

Page 197
Current version
462

The steel beam ABC D shown is supported at C as shown and supported at B and D by steel bolts
each having a diameter of 8 mm. The lengths of B E and D F are 50 and 62 mm, respectively.
The beam has a second area moment of 20.8 109 m4. Prior to loading, the nuts are just in
contact with the horizontal beam. A force of 2 kN is then applied at point A. Using procedure 2
of Sec. 410, determine the stresses in the bolts and the deections of points A, B, and D. For
steel, let E = 207 GPa.

Corrected version
462

The steel beam ABC D is supported at C as shown and supported at B and D by steel shoulder
bolts each having a diameter of 8 mm. The lengths of B E and D F are 50 and 62 mm,
respectively. The beam has a second area moment of 20.8 109 m4. Prior to loading, the nuts
are just in contact with the horizontal beam. A force of 2 kN is then applied at point A. Using
procedure 2 of Sec. 410, determine the stresses in the bolts and the deections of points A, B,
and D. For steel, let E = 207 GPa.

page 3 of 17

Page 209
Current version
The rationale can be expressed as follows. The worst-case scenario is that of an
idealized nonstrain-strengthening material shown in Fig. 56. The stress-strain curve
rises linearly to the yield strength Sy , then proceeds at constant stress, which is equal to
Sy . Consider a lleted rectangular bar as depicted in Fig. A155, where the crosssection area of the small shank is 1 in2. If the material is ductile, with a yield point of
280 MPa, and the theoretical stress-concentration factor (SCF) K t is 2,

Corrected version
The rationale can be expressed as follows. The worst-case scenario is that of an
idealized nonstrain-strengthening material shown in Fig. 56. The stress-strain curve
rises linearly to the yield strength Sy , then proceeds at constant stress, which is equal
to Sy . Consider a lleted rectangular bar as depicted in Fig. A135, where the crosssection area of the small shank is 643 mm2. If the material is ductile, with a yield point
of 280 MPa, and the theoretical stress-concentration factor (SCF) K t is 2,

Page 276
Current version
(S f )103 = F (2.103 )b = f Sut

Corrected version
3b b
. 103
(22(10
) f Sf utSut
(S f )103 = F

Page 338
Current version
ASME-elliptic

(a /Se ) 2 + (m /Sut ) 2 = 1/n 2

(647)

(a /Se ) 2 + (m /Sy ) 2 = 1/n 2

(647)

Corrected version
ASME-elliptic

page 4 of 17

Page 404
Current version
=

F
4F
=
A
dr2

(88)

Corrected version
=

F
4F
=
A
dr2

(88)

Page 423
Current version
T =

Fi dm
2

tan + f sec
l f tan sec

Fi f c dc
2

(b)

Fi f c dc
2

(b)

Corrected version
T =

Fi dm
2

tan + f sec
1 f tan sec

Page 466
Current version
b

0.707h(2b

0.707h(b

d)

d
G

y
x

Corrected version
b

d)

d
G

y
x

page 5 of 17

Page 470
Current version
b

1.414hd

1.414hb

G
y
x

Corrected version
b

G
y
x

Page 726
Current version
Pd is the transverse diameteral pitch

Corrected version
Pd is the transverse diametral pitch

Page 831
Current version
pa
re =

pa

ro
ri

ro

r 2 dr
r dr

ri

ro3 ri3
2
2 ro3 ri3
=
3
3 ro2 ri3
ro2 ri2

(1639)

Corrected version
pa
re =

pa

ro
ri

ro

r 2 dr
r dr

ri

page 6 of 17

ro3 ri3
2
2 ro3 ri3
=
2
3
3 ro2 ri2
ro2 ri

(1639)

Page 861
Current version
Figure 171

sin1

Flat-belt geometry. (a) Open


belt. (b) Crossed belt.

2
D
4C (

sin1

Dd
2C

d)

Dd
2C

D
d

L=

Dd
2C
1 D d
+ 2 sin
2C

2 sin1

4C 2 (D d )2 + 12 (D

+ d d)

(a)

sin1
sin1

D+d
2C

D+d
2C

d
D

4C 2 (D + d)2

=
L=

+ 2 sin1

D+d
2C

4C 2 (D + d)2 + 12 (D + d)

(b)

Corrected version
Figure 171

sin1

Flat-belt geometry. (a) Open


belt. (b) Crossed belt.
sin1

Dd
2C

2
D
4C (

1
2

Dd
2C

d)

D
d

L=

Dd
2C
Dd
+ 2 sin1
2C

2 sin1

4C 2 (D d )2 + 12 (D

+ d d)

(a)

sin1
sin1

D+d
2C

D+d
2C

d
D
1
2

4C 2 (D + d)2

=
L=

+ 2 sin1

D+d
2C

4C 2 (D + d)2 + 12 (D + d)

(b)

page 7 of 17

Page 865
Current version

F1 = Fi + Fc +
F2 = Fi + Fc
where

F = Fi + Fc + T /D
F = Fi + Fc T /D

(f )
(g)

Fi = initial tension
Fc = hoop tension due to centrifugal force
F = tension due to the transmitted torque T
D = diameter of the pulley

The difference between F1 and F2 is related to the pulley torque. Subtracting Eq. (g)
from Eq. ( f ) gives
F1 F2 =

2T
T
=
D
D/2

(h)

Adding Eqs. ( f ) and (g) gives


F1 + F2 = 2Fi + 2Fc
Figure 177

F1 = Fi + Fc + F '
= Fi + Fc + T
D

Forces and torques on a


pulley.

F2 = Fi + Fc F '
= Fi + Fc T
D

Corrected version

F1 = Fi + Fc +
F2 = Fi + Fc
where

F = Fi + Fc + T /d
F = Fi + Fc T /d

(f )
(g)

Fi = initial tension
Fc = hoop tension due to centrifugal force
F = tension due to the transmitted torque T
d = diameter of the pulley

The difference between F1 and F2 is related to the pulley torque. Subtracting Eq. (g)
from Eq. ( f ) gives
F1 F2 =

2T
D

Adding Eqs. ( f ) and (g) gives


F1 + F2 = 2Fi + 2Fc
Figure 177
d

Forces and torques on a


pulley.

F1 = Fi + Fc + F '
= Fi + Fc + T
d

page 8 of 17

F2 = Fi + Fc F '
= Fi + Fc T
d

(h)

Page 866
Current version
Fi
(F1 + F2 )/2 Fc
F1 + F2 2Fc
(F1 Fc ) + (F2 Fc )
=
=
=
T /D
(F1 F2 )/2
F1 F2
(F1 Fc ) (F2 Fc )
=

exp( f ) + 1
(F1 Fc )/(F2 Fc ) + 1
=
(F1 Fc )/(F2 Fc ) 1
exp( f ) 1

from which
Fi =

T exp( f ) + 1
D exp( f ) 1

(179)

Corrected version
Fi
(F1 + F2 )/2 Fc
F1 + F2 2Fc
(F1 Fc ) + (F2 Fc )
=
=
=
T /d
(F1 F2 )/2
F1 F2
(F1 Fc ) (F2 Fc )
=

exp( f ) + 1
(F1 Fc )/(F2 Fc ) + 1
=
(F1 Fc )/(F2 Fc ) 1
exp( f ) 1

from which
Fi =

T exp( f ) + 1
d exp( f ) 1

(179)

Current version
F1 Fi + Fc +
Fc +

T
exp( f ) 1
Fc + Fi + Fi
exp( f ) + 1
D

Fi [exp( f ) + 1] + Fi [exp( f ) 1]
exp( f ) + 1

F1 = Fc + Fi

2 exp( f )
exp( f ) + 1

(1710)

Corrected version
F1 Fi + Fc +
Fc +

T
exp( f ) 1
Fc + Fi + Fi
d
exp( f ) + 1

Fi [exp( f ) + 1] + Fi [exp( f ) 1]
exp( f ) + 1

F1 = Fc + Fi

2 exp( f )
exp( f ) + 1

(1710)

page 9 of 17

Page 866
Current version
F2 = Fi + Fc

T
exp( f ) 1
= Fc + Fi Fi
D
exp( f ) + 1

Fi [exp( f ) + 1] Fi [exp( f ) 1]
exp( f ) + 1

= Fc +

F2 = Fc + Fi

2
exp( f ) + 1

(1711)

Corrected version
F2 = Fi + Fc

T
exp( f ) 1
= Fc + Fi Fi
d
exp( f ) + 1

Fi [exp( f ) + 1] Fi [exp( f ) 1]
exp( f ) + 1

= Fc +

F2 = Fc + Fi

2
exp( f ) + 1

(1711)

Page 867
Current version
Equation (177) is called the belting equation, but Eqs. (179), (1710), and (1711)
reveal how belting works. We plot Eqs. (1710) and (1711) as shown in Fig. 178
against Fi as abscissa. The initial tension needs to be sufcient so that the difference
between the F1 and F2 curve is 2T /D. With no torque transmitted, the least possible
belt tension is F1 = F2 = Fc .
The transmitted power is given by

Corrected version
Equation (177) is called the belting equation, but Eqs. (179), (1710), and (1711)
reveal how belting works. We plot Eqs. (1710) and (1711) as shown in Fig. 178
against Fi as abscissa. The initial tension needs to be sufcient so that the difference
between the F1 and F2 curve is 2T/d. With no torque transmitted, the least possible belt
tension is F1 = F2 = Fc .
The transmitted power is given by

page 10 of 17

Page 867
Current version
Figure 178
(F1)a
F1
Belt tension F1 or F2

Plot of initial tension Fi against


belt tension F1 or F2, showing
the intercept Fc, the equations
of the curves, and where
2T/D is to be found.

F1 = Fc +

2Fi exp( f )
exp( f ) + 1
T

2D

F2 = Fc +

2Fi
exp( f ) + 1

F2
Fc
Fi

(Fi )a

Fi

(Fi )a

Initial tension Fi

Corrected version
Figure 178
(F1)a
F1
Belt tension F1 or F2

Plot of initial tension Fi against


belt tension F1 or F2, showing
the intercept Fc, the equations
of the curves, and where
2T/d is to be found.

F1 = Fc +

2Fi exp( f )
exp( f ) + 1
T

2d

F2 = Fc +

2Fi
exp( f ) + 1

F2
Fc

Initial tension Fi

Page 868
Current version
4

From torque T nd the necessary (F1 )a F2 = 2T /D

Corrected version
4

From torque T nd the necessary (F1 )a F2 = 2T /d

page 11 of 17

Page 872
Current version
d
where

L 2w
8Fi

(1713)

d dip, m
L center-to-center distance, m
w weight per foot of the belt, N/m
Fi initial tension, N

In Ex. 171 the dip corresponding to a 1240-N initial tension is


d=

(2.4)2 5.4
= 0.0032 m = 3.2 mm
8(1240)

Corrected version
dip
where

L 2w
8Fi

(1713)

dip dip, m
L center-to-center distance, m
w weight per unit volume of the belt, N/m3
Fi initial tension, N

In Ex. 171 the dip corresponding to a 1240-N initial tension is


dip

(2.4)2 5.4
0.0032 m 3.2 mm
8(1240)

Current version
Figure 1711

L
Fi

Fi

(c) Catenary-induced tension.


(c)

Corrected version
Figure 1711

L
Fi

dip

(c) Catenary-induced tension.


(c)

page 12 of 17

Fi

Page 874
Current version
d=

L 2w
4.8 2(37.6)0.25
=
= 0.011 m = 11 mm
8Fi
8(2420)

Corrected version
dip =

L 2w
4.8 2(37.6)0.25
=
= 0.011 m = 11 mm
8Fi
8(2420)

Page 880
Current version
Ha = K 1 K 2 Htab
where

(1717)

Ha = allowable power, per belt, Table 1712

Corrected version
Ha = K 1 K 2 Htab
where

(1717)

Ha = allowable power, per belt

Page 908
Current version
(c) Estimate the rated (allowable) power that would appear in Table 1720 for a 20 000-h life.

Corrected version
(c) Estimate the allowable horsepower for a 20 000-h life.

page 13 of 17

Page 914
Current version
Figure 181
A compound reverted
gear train.

Corrected version
Figure 181
A compound reverted
gear train.

Page 922
Current version
c = 2300

2431(1.18)(1.21)
= 76 280 psi
12(2)(0.1315)

(2431)(1.18)

6
2

1.21
0.41

25 400 psi

Choose a Grade 1 steel, through-hardened to 250 H B . From Fig. 142, p. 727 ,


St = 32 000 psi and from Fig. 145, p. 730, Sc = 110 000 psi.

Corrected version
c = 2300

2431(1.18)(1.21)
161 700 psi
2.67(2)(0.1315)

(2431)(1.18)

6
2

1.21
0.41

25 400 psi

Choose Grade 2 carburized and hardened, the same as gear 4.

page 14 of 17

Page 923
Current version
Gear 3 Wear and Bending
J 0(41

Y N 0.9

Z N 0.9

(539.7)(1.37)(1.19)
= 44 340 psi
12(1.5)(0.1315)

c = 2300

= 539.7(1.37)

(6)(1.19)
= 8584 psi
1.5(0.41)

Try Grade 1 steel, through-hardened to 200 H B . From Fig. 142, p. 727,


St = 28 000 psi and from Fig. 145, p. 730, Sc = 90 000 psi.
nc =

90 000(0.9)
= 1.83
44 340

all
28 000(0.9)
=
= 2.94

8584

n=

In summary, the resulting gear specifications are:


All gears, P = 6 teeth/in
Gear 2, Grade 1 ame-hardened, Sc = 170 000 psi and St = 45 000 psi
d2 = 2.67 in, face width = 1.5 in
Gear 3, Grade 1 through-hardened to 200 H B , Sc = 90 000 psi and St = 28 000 psi
d3 = 12.0 in, face width = 1.5 in
Gear 4, Grade 2 carburized and hardened, Sc = 225 000 psi and St = 65 000 psi
d4 = 2.67 in, face width = 2.0 in
Gear 5, Grade 1 through-hardened to 250 H B , Sc = 110 000 psi and St = 31 000 psi
d5 = 12.0 in, face width = 2.0 in

Corrected version
Gear 3 Wear and Bending
J 0(41
c 2300

Y N 0.9

Z N 0.9

(539.7)(1.37)(1.19)
94 000 psi
2.67(1.5)(0.1315)

= 539.7(1.37)

(6)(1.19)
= 8584 psi
1.5(0.41)

Try Grade 1 steel, through-hardened to 300 H B . From Fig. 142, p. 727,


St = 36 000 psi and from Fig. 145, p. 730, Sc 126 000 psi.
nc
n

126 000(0.9)
1.21
94 000

all
36 000(0.9)

3.77

8584

In summary, the resulting gear specifications are:


All gears, P = 6 teeth/in
Gear 2, Grade 1 ame-hardened, Sc 170 000 psi and St 45 000 psi
d2 2.67 in, face width 1.5 in
Gear 3, Grade 1 through-hardened to 300 H B , Sc 126 000 psi and St 36 000 psi
d3 12.0 in, face width 1.5 in
Gear 4, Grade 2 carburized and hardened, Sc 225 000 psi and St 65 000 psi
d4 2.67 in, face width 2.0 in
Gear 5, Grade 2 carburized and hardened, Sc 225 000 psi and St 65 000 psi
d5 12.0 in, face width 2.0 in

page 15 of 17

Page 940
Current version
f 11
f 21 + f 22
f3

F1
= F2
F3

k1
= k1
0

k1
(k1 + k2 )
k2

0
k2
k2

u1
u2
u3

(195)

k1
= k1
0

k1
(k1 + k2 )
k2

0
k2
k2

u1
u2
u3

(195)

Corrected version
f 11
f 21 + f 22
f3

F1
= F2
F3

Page 941
Current version
With u1 = 0, F2 = 4500 N and the assumption that u3 =
becomes
F1
4500
F3

= 0.05 mm, Eq. (19.5)

17(802 17.802
0
= 103 17(802
40.066 22.264
0
22.264 22.264

0
u2
0.05

(1)

Corrected version
With u1 = 0, F2 = 4500 N and the assumption that u3 =
becomes
F1
4500
F3

page 16 of 17

= 0.05 mm, Eq. (19-5)

17(802 17.802
0
= 103 17(802
40.066 22.264
0
22.264 22.264

0
u2
0.05

(1)

Page 995
Current version
yc =

Fa 2
(l + a)
3E I

Corrected version
yC =

Fa 2
(l + a)
3E I

Page 1036
Current version
612 Yield: n y = 1.18. Fatigue: (a) n f = 1.06,
(b) n f = 1.31, (c) n f = 1.32

Corrected version
612 Yield: n y = 1.67. Fatigue: (a) n f = 1.06,
(b) n f = 1.31, (c) n f = 1.32

Page 1037
Current version
98 F = 49.2 kN

Corrected version
98 F = 49.7 kN

page 17 of 17

Additional Erratum
Shigleys Mechanical Engineering Design
November 2009
____________________________________________________________________
Page 505
Current version
can be employed to obtain the torsional yield strength (Sys = 0.577Sy). This approach
results in the range
0.35Sut Ssy 0.52 Sut

(1015)

for steels.

Corrected version
can be employed to obtain the torsional yield strength (Ssy = 0.577Sy). This approach
results in the range
0.35Sut Ssy 0.52 Sut
for steels.

(1015)